You are on page 1of 49

Presented

By
:
Marjia Mizan
Abul Kalam Azad
Nowrin Jahan Jerin
Abu Hanif Mia
Md. Abu Nasir
Md. Omar Faruk
Md. Abdullah Al Muhaimenul
Islam
Md. Miraz Hosen
Md. Tariqur Rahman
Year: 2nd , Semester: 4th
Batch No-7th
Dept. of Public Administration
University of Dhaka

MARJIA MIZAN
ROLL NO-22
CONCEPT AND OBJECTIVES
OF EGOVERNANCE

Governance
Act, process or power of governing
The state of being governed

What E-Governance is
not

Changing govt. process


Computerization of govt. offices
Type documents using computers
Put govt. security and confidentiality at risk

E-Governance
Intangible status
Strategic issue that relates to redesigning the national
administrative process
Refers to the use of information and communication
technologies (ICT) by the govt. agencies

Examples

Notification of a meeting time


Accessing documents
Accessing needed data
Tracking progress
Disseminating policies and strategies

Objectives of EGovernance
To build an informed society

To
To
To
To
To
To

increase govt. and citizen interaction


encourage citizen participation
bring transparency in the governing process
make the govt. accountable
reduce the cost of governance
reduce the reaction time of the govt.

ABUL KALAM AZAD


ROLL NO- 50

Types and models of egovernance

Government- to-Citizen
G2C is transaction between government and
citizens.
Examples of G2C are payment of utility bills.
The primary goal of G2C e-Governance is to offer a
variety of ICT services to citizens.
Situation of G2C in the world:
USA..
UK..
European Countries..
Asian Countries: Singapore; Taiwan; South Korea;
BD

Government-to-Business
Involves interaction of the business
establishments with the government.
The example of G2B is submission of tax
assessment
The main Goal of G2B is to increase productivity
Key Points of Government to business
1. Reduce the burden
2. Key lines of business
Difference between G2B and B2G
1. Government to business
2. Business to government

Government-toEmployee

G2E refers to the relationship between government


and its employees only.
It is the lest sector of G2E
It is an internal part of G2E
It Includes,
Online conference for employee
Online training
Employee information
The primary objective of G2E is to know about his/her
authority & responsibility.

Government-toGovernment

It involves interaction among government officials


The example of G2G may be a request of
allocation of budget by any department of the
government
The vital aim of G2G is to improve intergovernment organizational processes

NOWRIN JAHAN JERIN


ROLL NO-24
History of e-Governance In
Bangladesh

E-Governance in
Bangladesh

Global shifts towards increased implementation of


IT by governments emerged in the 90s , with the
advent of the WWW.
Bangladesh has made significant strides forward
in the field of e-Government in the past decade,
starting with slightly scattered projects for internal
automation but moving gradually towards eservices delivery and connected governance.

History of e-Governance
in Bangladesh

History of e-Governance
in Bangladesh
Late 1990s to 2005: Setting the stage
Railway ticketing system
E-birth registration project
Automation of BANBIES
2000: Formation of an ICT task force
2002: First National ICT policy
2003: Reinforced support to the ICT Task Force,
SICT
2004: Comprehensive Action Plan

History of e-Governance
in Bangladesh
2006 to 2009 : Isolated e-services
2006: A2I Program
2008: Vision for Digital Bangladesh
2009: Revised National ICT Policy and ICT Act and
Right to Information Act

History of e-Governance
in Bangladesh
2010 and beyond :
2010: Rules for Digital Signature (Certifying Authority)
2011: Evaluation of the first phase of A2I Program

ABU HANIF MIA


ROLL NO-71
INFRASTRUCTURE AND
CONNECTIVITY ISSUES

Present e-Governance
scenario in Bangladesh
1. INFRASTRUCTURE AND CONNECTIVITY ISSUE
2. E-GOVERNANCE IN PUBLIC SECTOR
3. E-GOVERNANCE IN PRIVATE SECTOR

INFRASTRUCTURE AND
CONNECTIVITY ISSUE
Telecommunication Network
Data Connectivity
Television Network
Radio Network
Post
Tele Center And Cyber Caf
Power Sector

INFRASTRUCTURE AND
CONNECTIVITY ISSUE
Current Telecommunication structure in BD:
Digitized Districts - All (64)
Mobile operators- 6
Mobile Phones Subscribers - 98.593 million (Feb.
2013)
Fixed Phone (PSTN) operators -12
Fixed Phone Subscribers 1.372 million (2009)
satellite earth stations 7
Computer ownership - 0.782 (per 100 people)

INFRASTRUCTURE AND
CONNECTIVITY ISSUE
DATA CONNECTIVITY:
Entrance to the 13-members consortium, SEA-ME-WE-4 on 21st
May 2006
Connection to the information super highway
VSAT- Provider -30
VSAT user 88
Internet Service Provider (ISP) 220

INFRASTRUCTURE AND
CONNECTIVITY ISSUE
TELEVISION NETWORK:
BTV broadcasts on health, education, women and
children affairs, weather and agriculture
Television broadcast stations 27
RADIO STATION:
Radio broadcast stations - 38 (SW,FM, Internet)
BD Betar and Other Private FM Radio

POWER SECTOR:
Power production capacity- 10213 MW
Service provider- (BPDB, DESA, DESCO, REB)
21 state-owned power plants

MD. ABU NASIR


ROLL NO-56
E-GOVERNANCE IN PUBLIC
SECTOR

E-GOVERNANCE IN PUBLIC
SECTORS
E-Governance in LG

Online birth/death certificate


Access to information of local
people

E-Governance in Election Commission

Electronic Voting Machine (EVM)


National ID Card

E-GOVERNANCE IN PUBLIC
SECTORS

E-Governance in Education
Online admission procedure
Online result procedure

E-Governance in Communication and


Transportation

E-Ticket
Electric bill payment using
mobile phone

E-GOVERNANCE IN PUBLIC
SECTORS
E-Governance in Business
Dhaka & Chittagong Stock
Exchange
NBR

E-Governance in MOSICT
web-sites containing information
about various ministries.

MD:OMAR FARUK
ROLL-78
E-governance in Private
Sector

E-governance in Private Sector


1. Banking Sector
2. Bangladesh ICT Sector
3. Media and Advertising
1. Banking Sector :
Online Banking
Service Line:
i.
ATM Booth
ii. Different types of cards
iii. Point of Sales
iv. Tele - Banking
v. Mobile Banking
vi. Home banking
Utility Bill Payment
Connectivity and software

E-governance in Private Sector


2. Bangladesh ICT Sector

Local Market Scenarios

Software Trade

Human Resource Dynamics

IT Enabled Service

Prospective BPO Areas of


Bangladesh:

E-governance in Private Sector


Prospective BPO Areas:
i.Data Entry
ii.Data Processing
iii.Call Centre
iv.E- Accounting
3. Media and Advertising

Md. Abdullah Al
Muhaimenul Islam
Roll No-228
E-Governance and
Globalization

E-Governance and
Globalization
Globalization:
Globalization is a process of international
integration of economies, societies through cross
country arising from interchange of world views,
ideas, information, products, capital, finance,
people and culture.

E-Governance and Globalization


Main focus:
Free Trade, Competition in market,connectivity
How e-governance is helping to achieve these
goal.
Free trade:
Reduction of Trade barrier
Online Trading
Producer has a variety of buyer to choose
from
Access to information.

E-Governance and Globalization


Competition in market:
Out sourcing
E-tender
Global market
Connectivity:
Proper implementation of government policy
Better opportunity of gathering feed back
result
Use full tool in the formulation of better policy
Ensuring free access for every one in the
government activity.

How e government is helping


Globalization:
E-Government reducing red tapism, and
other administrative difficulty.
Access to information about high authority
increasing trade
opening new market
increasing access to cheep resources
Helping student in their study by easing
the application and examination process
Opening new opportunity for one labor to
work abroad.

MD.MIRAZ HOSEN
Roll No-61

Challenges Of e-Governa

Major Challenges:
Poor ICT Infrastructure
IT Policy
Lack of Awareness of government officials
Non-acceptability of IT systems
Lack of Coordination
Low Level of IT literacy

Major Challenges:
Lack of IT Training
High-cost, Lower Liability of Internet
Access
Lack of IT Funds
Poor Salary Structure
Wrong task and blocked post

Major Challenges:
Conflict with culture
Lack of Education
Lack of Attention in Complain Centre
Hassle in Getting Required Service
Lack of Information

MD.TARIQUR RAHMAN
ROLL NO-85
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR
IMPLEMENTING EGOVERNANCE IN BANGLADESH

Key
Recommendations

ICT Infrastructure development


Strong Roadmap
Reduce Internet and local bandwidth
cost
Financial solution
Strong IT Division

Key
Recommendations

Proper IT training
Updated and Integrated websites
Automation of govt. services and
application
Public Private Partnership (PPP)
programs

Key
Recommendations

Provide e-SMART CARD based


Govt. services
Database of citizen
Long term planning for Govt.
application security issue
Motivating Public by the Govt.
Disability-friendly software