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PROPERTIES OF

MATERIALS

GROUP 2

LOOK AND READ :

100 0 C
00 C

STEAM
WATER
ICE

OXYGEN

- 183 0 C
- 218,4 0 C

OXYGEN

- 245,9 0 C
- 248,7 0 C

NEON

OXYGEN

NEON
NEON

ICE IS SOLID. WATER IS LIQUID. STEAM IS GASEOUS. STEAM


AND WATER ARE FLUIDS.

READ THESE STATEMENTS

A.
AT -1830 C OXYGEN CHANGES FROM THE GASEOUS STATE TO
THE LIQUID STATE.

B.
AT -218,40 C OXYGEN CHANGES FROM THE LIQUID STATE TO
SOLID STATE.

C.

AT 1830 C OXYGEN IS IN THE GASEOUS STATE.

D.

AT -2460C NEON IS IN THE LIQUID STATE.

E.

AT -2200C OXYGEN IS IN THE SOLID STATE.

F.
STEAM, WATER, ICE, OXYGEN, NEON; ALL THESE ARE FLUIDS
AXCEPT ICE.

II. READ THE FOLLOWING PROPERTIES OF MATERIAL


AND COMPLETE examples

A brittle material breaks easily : eg glass,


ceramics, chalk, lamb.
A tough material doesnt breaks easily: eg steel ,
iron ,alumunium , stone.
A hard material is difficult to scratch ; eg glass,iron,
steel, gold.
A soft material is easy to scratch; eg chalk, butter,
cheese.
A flexible material bends easily; eg rubber , plastic,
paper, wire.

Answer the quetion :


A. Why do a glass beaker if you drop it ?
Because the beaker is brittle material.
B. Why doesnt a polythene beaker break ?
Because the polytene is tough material.
C. Why is butter easy to cut?
Because butter is soft material.
D. Why can the diamond cut glass.
Because diamond is hard material.
E. Why do the branches of a tree bend in the wind?
Because a tree bend is flexible.
F. Why dont the walls a house bend in the wind?
Because the walls of a house is reged.
G. Which is more flexible wooden ruler or plastic ruler?
Plastic ruler
H. What are the different properties of green wood (on a tree) and dry
wood?
Green wood is flexible and dry wood is reged.

READ AND COMPLETE THIS:


A. Some materials is has a smooth , they produce little friction when
they are rubbed ; eg ice, slick , floor, moss.
B. Some materials have a rough survace and produce of friction; eg
sandpaper , asphalt.
C. Materials which are soluble in water dissolve easily ; eg salt ,
sugar , chocolate, msg.
D. Materials which are insoluble do not disolve ; eg glass, stone,
diamond, wood.
E. You can see through translucent materials and the light passes
through them ; eg water, glass,transparent plastic.
F. You cannot see through translucent material but the ligh passes; eg
dirty water , juice, sirup.
G. You cannot see through opaque materials and light cannot passes
through them ; eg metel , wall, steel, wood.
H. Combustible maerial burn easily ; eg wood , plastic ,rubber, wood.
I. Noncombustible materials donot burn; eg stone, metal, water, iron.

READ THIS AND CHOOSE THE RIGHT


PROPERTIES

A material which is used for making


clothes must be solid/fluid, brittle/tough,
soft/hard, digid/flexible,smooth/rough,
opaque/transparent, and
soluble/insoluble.

One material with these properties is


wool . others are smooth and flexible.

READ THIS:
A. For the body of a car we need a material
which is solid , hard, tough, and
noncombustible. Eg metal
B. For a window w need material which is
transparent ; eg glass
C. For a chooking pot material which is non
combustible and hard material ; eg cramic

III. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING TABLE , GIVING THE PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS

Steel

Glass

Rubber

Sugar

Wood

Tough/brittle

Tough

Brittle

Tough

Brittle

Tough

Soft/hard

Hard

Hard

Soft

Hard

Hard

Soluble/
insoluble

Insoluble

Insoluble

Insoluble

Soluble

Insoluble

Combustible/
non
combustible

Non
Non
combustibl combustibl
e
e

Combusti
ble

Combusti
ble

Combusti
ble

Flexible/rigid

Rigid

Rigid

Flexible

Rigid

Rigid

Transparent/
opaque

Opaque

Transparen Opaque
t

Transpar
ent

Opaque

LOOK AT THESE EXAMPLE;


A. What properties have wood and wall in common?
wood and steel are hard , insoluble and rigid.
B. What properties have wood and wall in common?
Wood and wall are hard , rigid and insoluble.
C. What properties have steel and iron in common?
Steel and iron are tough , opaque and non
combustible
D. What properties have sugar and salt in common?
Sugar and common are hard and soluble in water.

GROUP 2

ANDELINA R. SUDIRMAN
STEVANO J. SUWU
SONNI SUOTH

WE SAID ,,,,,,,,

THANK YOU FRIENDS