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Present

perfect

with for and since

Simple past

Present
perfect

I lived
You lived

I have lived
You have lived

He/she/it lived
We lived

He/she/it has lived


We have lived

You lived
They lived

Plur
al

Plur
al

You have lived


They have lived

The past form describes a single,


completed action at a particular time in
the past.
Yuki lived in Tokyo for ten years. (she
doesnt live there now.)
I met my friend Jack six years ago. (My
sister introduced us. )
Roger arrived at 11:00. (He appeared at
the office at a specific time. )

The present perfect can describe an


action that began in the past but
continues into the present.
Yuki has lived in San Francisco for three months.
(she left Tokyo three months ago. She came to
San Francisco to live, and she lives there now.)
I have known my friend Jack for six years. (I met
him in the past, and I continue to know him and
have him as a friend. )
Roger has been here for two hours. (He arrived
at the office at 11:00. It is now 1:00, and he is still

The present perfect is formed


with have/has +the past participle
of the verb.
Ive had my cat Boostie for four years.
Shes had her bird for a few months.
(Note: s= has, not is)

Use how long to ask about time in


a question. Use for and since to
talk about time.

How long have you studied English?


Ive studied English for five years. (I
continue to study En.)
How long has Hank played basketball?
Hes played basketball since October. (he

Use for to refer to


duration of time.
For thirty years.
For two minutes.
For three days.
For two weeks.
For a month.

Use since to refer to a


particular time.
Since 4:00.
Since this morning.
Since lunch.
Since Monday.

For millions of years.

Since August.
Since 2006.

For a long time.

Since I was a child.

For ten years.

For many years.

Thank
You
By: Samieh Pourlahiji