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Obstructive

Sleep Apnea

Penyusun: Audrey Natalia 07120110014


Pembimbing: dr. Michael lekatompessy, SpTHTKL

1.
Definisi

Gangguan tidur
yang melibatkan
berkurangnya aliran
udara yang
signifikan dengan
adanya usaha
bernafas

Apnea-Hypopnea
Index (AHI) > 5
kejadian per jam
dengan Polysomnogram

Obstructive Sleep
Apnea-Hypopnea
Tipe gangguan napas saat tidur
tersering
Episode berulang kolaps saluran
napas atas saat tidur
Desaturasi oksihemoglobin &
terbangun dari tidur

OSA Syndrome
Excessive daytime sleepiness

2.
Epidemiolo
gi

718.000.000
Penduduk AS dengan SDB minimal

1.84.000.000
Penduduk AS dengan SDB berat

OSA di Dunia
Inggris:
0.3%

Israel:
20-25%

Australia:
20-25%

Usia
Jenis Kelamin
Ras & Etnis
65% di atas 65 y.o

M:F 2-3:1

African-American & Chinese > White

3.
Faktor
Risiko

Faktor
struktural

Anatomi Kraniofasial
Ukuran
maksila
abnormal atau
ukuran
mandibula
kecil
Hipertrofi
tonsil

Anatomi kraniofasial
Retronagthia
/hypognathia

Faktor
non-struktural

Obesitas
Faktor risiko terbesar
OSA
63% penderita OSA
obesitas

Kondisi Medis

4.
Patofisiolog
i

5.
Gejala &
Tanda

PF

6.
Diagnosi
s

7.
Tatalaksan
a

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1.
Transition
headline
Lets start with the first set of
slides

DIAGNOSIS
AHI ATAU RDI > LIMA BELAS PER JAM
(PASIEN ASIMTOMATIK)
AHI ATAU RDI > LIMA PER JAM (PASIEN
DENGAN GEJALA GANGGUAN TIDUR)

You can also split you


r content
White
Is the color of milk and
fresh snow, the color
produced by the
combination of all the
colors of the visible
spectrum.

Black
Is the color of coal,
ebony, and of outer
space. It is the darkest
color, the result of the
absence of or
complete absorption
of light.

In two or three colum


ns
Yellow
Is the color of
gold, butter and
ripe lemons. In
the spectrum of
visible light,
yellow is found
between green
and orange.

Blue
Is the colour of
the clear sky and
the deep sea. It is
located between
violet and green
on the optical
spectrum.

Red
Is the color of
blood, and
because of this it
has historically
been associated
with sacrifice,
danger and
courage.

A picture is
worth a
thousand
words

A complex idea can be conveyed with


just a single still image, namely making it
possible to absorb large amounts of data
quickly.

Want big impact?


Use big image.

Use charts to explain


your ideas

White

Gray

Black

And tables to compare


data
A

Yellow

10

20

Blue

30

15

10

24

16

Orange

Our process is easy

first

second

last

Lets review some con


cepts
Yellow

Blue

Red

Is the color of gold, butter


and ripe lemons. In the
spectrum of visible light,
yellow is found between
green and orange.

Is the colour of the clear


sky and the deep sea. It is
located between violet and
green on the optical
spectrum.

Is the color of blood, and


because of this it has
historically been
associated with sacrifice,
danger and courage.

Yellow

Blue

Red

Is the color of gold, butter


and ripe lemons. In the
spectrum of visible light,
yellow is found between
green and orange.

Is the colour of the clear


sky and the deep sea. It is
located between violet and
green on the optical
spectrum.

Is the color of blood, and


because of this it has
historically been
associated with sacrifice,
danger and courage.

m Google Sheets
You can copy&paste graphs fro

THANK
S!

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