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K.

V
Faridkot

Harkamalpreet
Singh Brar

9 -B
th

Topic

Objectives
At the end of the lesson the students
should be able;
To find the surface area of a
cylinder ..

What is a cylinder?
The term Cylinder refers to a right
circular cylinder. Like a right prism, its
altitude is perpendicular to the bases
and has an endpoint in each base.

PRESENTATION
base

altitude
radius
base

What will happen if we


removed the end of the
cylinder and unrolled the
body?

Lets find out


!!!!

This will happen if we unrolled


and removed the end of a
cylinder.

2r

Circumference
of the base

Notice that we had formed 2


circles and a 1 rectangle.
The 2 circles serves as our bases of
our cylinder and the rectangular
region represent the body

How can we solved the surface


area of a Cylinder?
To solve the surface area of a
cylinder, add the areas of the
circular bases and the area of
the rectangular region which is
the body of the cylinder.

This is the formula in order to


solved the surface are of a
cylinder.
SA= area of 2 circular bases
+ are of a rectangle

oR

We derived at this formula..!!


SA=2r2 +2r
Or

SA=2r (r + h)

Find the surface area of a


cylindrical water tank given the
height of 20m and the radius of
5m? (Use as 3.14)
Given:
h=20m
r=5m

SA=2r2 +2rh
=2(3.14)(5m)2 + 2[(3.14)
(5m)(20m)
=157m2 + 628m
SA =785m2

2-Surface Area of a Prism


Cubes and Cuboids

Surface area of a cuboid


To find the surface area of a shape, we calculate the
total area of all of the faces.

A cuboid has 6 faces.


The top and the bottom of the
cuboid have the same area.

Surface area of a cuboid


To find the surface area of a shape, we calculate the
total area of all of the faces.

A cuboid has 6 faces.


The front and the back of the
cuboid have the same area.

Surface area of a cuboid


To find the surface area of a shape, we calculate the
total area of all of the faces.

A cuboid has 6 faces.


The left hand side and the right
hand side of the cuboid have
the same area.

Surface area of a cuboid


To find the surface area of a shape, we calculate the
total area of all of the faces.
Can you work out the
5 cm
surface area of this cubiod?
8 cm
The area of the top = 8 5
= 40 cm2
7 cm

The area of the front = 7 5


= 35 cm2
The area of the side = 7 8
= 56 cm2

Surface area of a cuboid


To find the surface area of a shape, we calculate the
total area of all of the faces.
8 cm

5 cm

So the total surface area =


2 40 cm2

7 cm

Top and bottom

+ 2 35 cm2 Front and back


+ 2 56 cm2 Left and right side
= 80 + 70 + 112 = 262 cm2

Formula for the surface area of a cuboid


We can find the formula for the surface area of a cuboid
as follows.
Surface area of a cuboid =
l

2 lw

Top and bottom

+ 2 hw

Front and back

+ 2 lh

Left and right side

= 2lw + 2hw + 2lh

Surface area of a cube


How can we find the surface area of a cube of length x?
All six faces of a cube have the
same area.
The area of each face is x x = x2
Therefore,
x

Surface area of a cube = 6x2

Checkered cuboid problem


This cuboid is made from alternate purple and green
centimetre cubes.
What is its surface area?
Surface area
=234+235+245
= 24 + 30 + 40
= 94 cm2
How much of the
surface area is green?
48 cm2

Surface area of a prism


What is the surface area of this L-shaped prism?
3 cm
3 cm
4 cm
6 cm

To find the surface area of


this shape we need to add
together the area of the two
L-shapes and the area of the
6 rectangles that make up
the surface of the shape.
Total surface area

5 cm

= 2 22 + 18 + 9 + 12 + 6
+ 6 + 15
= 110 cm2

Using nets to find surface area


It can be helpful to use the net of a 3-D shape to calculate its
surface area.
Here is the net of a 3 cm by 5 cm by 6 cm cubiod.
6 cm
3 cm

18 cm2

3 cm

5 cm 15 cm2

30 cm2

15 cm2

3 cm

18 cm2

3 cm

6 cm

30 cm2

Write down the


area of each
face.
Then add the
areas together
to find the
surface area.

Surface Area = 126 cm2

Using nets to find surface area


Here is the net of a regular tetrahedron.
What is its surface area?
Area of each face = bh
= 6 5.2
= 15.6 cm2
5.2 cm

Surface area = 4 15.6


= 62.4 cm2
6 cm

3-Warm up: Finding the Area of a


Lateral Face
Architecture. The lateral faces of the
Pyramid Arena in Memphis, Tennessee, are
covered with steal panels. Use the diagram
of the arena to find the area of each lateral
face of this regular pyramid.

Pyramid Arena

mynameismr.info/.../Surface%20Area%20of%20Pyramids%20&%20Cones.ppt

mynameismr.info/.../Surface%20Area%20of%20Pyramids%20&%20Cones.ppt

Surface Area of a Cone

Unit 6, Day 4
Ms. Reed
With slides from www.cohs.com/.../229_9.3%20Surface%20Area%20of
%20Pyramids%20and%20Cones%20C...

A cone has a circular base and a vertex that is not in the same plane as a
base.
In a right cone, the height meets the base at its center.
Height

The vertex is directly


above the center of
the circle.

Lateral Surface
Slant Height

r
Base

The height of a cone is the perpendicular distance between the vertex


and the base.
The slant height of a cone is the distance between the vertex and a
point on the base edge.

Surface Area of a Cone

Surface Area = area of base + area of sector

= area of base + (radius of base)(slant height)

S B rl r rl
2

l
B r

Lateral Area of a Cone


Since Lateral Area = Surface Area area of the
base

r rl
L.A. = 2

Example 1:

Find the surface area of the cone to the nearest


whole number.
a.
r = 4 slant height = 6
4 in.

S r rl
2

(4) (4)(6)
2

6 in.

16 24

40
40(3.14)

126in.

Example 2:
Find the surface area of the cone to the nearest whole
number.

b.
5 ft.

12 ft.

First, find the slant height.

l r h
2
2
(12) (5)
2

144 25 169

l 169 13

Next, r = 12,

l 13.

S r 2 r l
2

(12) (12)(13)
144 156

300

942 ft.

On your own #1
Calculate the surface
area of:
S r 2 rl

S = (7)2 + (7)(11.40)
S = 49 + 79.80
S = 128.8

On your own #2
Calculate the lateral area of:

L.A.
r = r l
2

L.A. = (5)(13)
L.A. = 65

Homework
Work Packet:
Surface Area of Cones

4-Surface Area of a
Sphere

Sphere

Hemisphere

Great Circle

(Surface Area of a Sphere) = 4r2

5-Basic Geometric
Properties
Volume of a
cuboid

In this lesson you will learn


to calculate the volume of a
cuboid

Cuboids

Look at this cuboid


Now imagine it is full
of cubic centimetres

6 cm

1 cm3
4 cm
10 cm

Can you see that there are 10 4 = 40 cubic centimetres on the


bottom layer?
There are 6 layers of 40 cubes making 40 6 = 240 cm3

Let us go back and look at what we did here

6 cm
height

10 cm
length

4 cm
breadth

When we worked out the volume we multiplied the length by the


breadth and then by the height

Volume of a cuboid = length breadth height


or

V=lbh

Lets us look again


at the same
cuboid and this
time try the
formula

6 cm

4 cm
10 cm

V=lbh
= 10 4 6 cm3
= 240 cm3
You will see that this is the same answer as we got before

6-Volume of a Cylinder

What is Volume?
The volume of a three-dimensional figure
is the amount of space within it.
Measured in Units Cubed (e.g. cm3)

Volume of a Prism
Volume of a Prism is calculated by
Volume = Area of cross section x perpendicular height
V = Ah
V = (4 x 4) x 4 = 64 m3

What is this?
It has 2 equal shapes at the base, but it is
not a prism as it has rounded sides

It is a Cylinder

Volume of a Cylinder
How might we find the Volume of a
Cylinder?

Example
V = Ah

Pieces Missing

Find the volume of concrete used to make this


pipe
Volume of Concrete = Volume of Big Cylinder
Volume of Small Cylinder (hole)

What shape is present here?

What 3D shapes can you see?

HOME WORK

Find the Volume of the Solid. To 1 decimal


place

Homework/Challenge
Challenge Question

Volume of a Cylinder
How might we find the Volume of a
Cylinder?
V = Ah
=

Conversion of units
1cm 10mm
1m 100cm
1km 1000m

Conversions of Units
1 cm2 = 10 mm x 10 mm

=100 mm2

1 m2

= 100 cm x 100 cm

= 10 000 cm2

1 m2

= 1000 mm x 1000 mm = 1 000 000 mm2

1 ha

= 100 m x 100 m

1 km2 = 100 ha

= 10 000 m2

What about when cubic units?


1 cm3
= 1cm x 1cm x 1cm
= 10 mm 10 mm 10 mm
= 1000 mm3
1 m3
= 1m x 1m x 1m
= 100 cm 100 cm 100 cm
= 1 000 000 cm3

Volume - The volumeCapacity


of a three-dimensional
figure is the amount of space within it.
Measured in Units Cubed (e.g. cm3)
Volume and capacity are related.
Capacity is the amount of material (usually
liquid) that a container can hold.
Capacity is measured in millilitres, litres and
kilolitres.

Examples of Capacity

How does Volume relate to


1000 mL = 1 LCapacity?
1000 L = 1 kL
1 cm3 = 1 mL
1,000cm3 = 1000ml = 1L
1 m3 = 1000 L = 1 kL

Examples
Convert 1800 mL to L
1800ml = 1800/1000
= 1.8L
2.3 m3 to L 1m3 = 1000L (1kL)
2.3m3 = 2.3kL
= 2300L

Length = 5.53cm

Capacity
Find the Capacity of this cube
Length = 5.53cm
V = Ah
= (5.53 x 5.53) x 5.53
= 169.11cm3 (1cm3 = 1ml)
Capacity = 169.11ml

Example
Find the capacity of this rectangular prism.
Solution
Volume = Ah
= (26 x 12) x5
= 312 5
= 1560 cm3 (1cm3 = 1mL)
Capacity = 1560 mL or 1.56 L
1L)

(1000mL =

Ex 11.08 Q 7.

What size rainwater tank would be needed to


hold the run-off when 40 mm of rain falls on a
roof 12 m long and 3.6 m wide? (Answer in
litres.)

7-Volume of Cones

Volume of Cylinders
Volume = Base x height
V = Bh

B
r

Base area = r2

Compare Cone and Cylinder

Use plastic space figures.


Fill cone with water.
Pour water into cylinder.
Repeat until cylinder is full.
r

Volume of Cone?
=

3 cones fill the cylinder, so


Volume = Base x height

Volume of Cone

3 cones fill the cylinder


Volume = Base x height
V = Bh
Base area = r2

V = ( . 2.5 2) . 7
V = 3.14 . 6.25 . 7
V = 45.79 cm3

h = 7 cm

r =2.5 cm

8-Developing the Formula for the


Volume of a Sphere

Volume of a Sphere

Using relational solids and pouring material we noted


that the volume of a cone is the same as the volume of a
hemisphere (with corresponding dimensions)
Using math language Volume (cone) = Volume (sphere)
Therefore

OR

2(Volume (cone)) = Volume (sphere)

Volume of a Sphere

We already know the formula for the volume of a cone.

Volumecone

OR

Volumecylinder
3

Volume of a Sphere
AND we know the formula for the volume of a cylinder

Height

Volumecylinder ( Area of Base ) X (Height )

BASE

Volume of a Sphere
SUMMARIZING:
Volume (cylinder) = (Area Base) (height)
Volume (cone) = Volume (cylinder) /3
3

Volume (cone) = (Area Base) (height)/3


AND 2(Volume (cone)) = Volume (sphere)
2X

Volume of a Sphere
2(Volume (cone)) = Volume (sphere)
2X

2(Area of Base ) (height) /3= Volume (sphere)


2(r2 )(h)/3= Volume (sphere)
BUT h = 2r

2(r )(2r)/3 = Volume(sphere)


2

4(r3)/3 = Volume(sphere)

r
r

4 r
3
3

Volume of a Sphere

4 r 3
3

Volumesphere

4 r 3
3

4 r

4 r 3
3