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surface area of a cube, right circular cylinder and etc.

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V

Faridkot

Harkamalpreet

Singh Brar

9 -B

th

Topic

Objectives

At the end of the lesson the students

should be able;

To find the surface area of a

cylinder ..

What is a cylinder?

The term Cylinder refers to a right

circular cylinder. Like a right prism, its

altitude is perpendicular to the bases

and has an endpoint in each base.

PRESENTATION

base

altitude

radius

base

removed the end of the

cylinder and unrolled the

body?

!!!!

and removed the end of a

cylinder.

2r

Circumference

of the base

circles and a 1 rectangle.

The 2 circles serves as our bases of

our cylinder and the rectangular

region represent the body

area of a Cylinder?

To solve the surface area of a

cylinder, add the areas of the

circular bases and the area of

the rectangular region which is

the body of the cylinder.

solved the surface are of a

cylinder.

SA= area of 2 circular bases

+ are of a rectangle

oR

SA=2r2 +2r

Or

SA=2r (r + h)

cylindrical water tank given the

height of 20m and the radius of

5m? (Use as 3.14)

Given:

h=20m

r=5m

SA=2r2 +2rh

=2(3.14)(5m)2 + 2[(3.14)

(5m)(20m)

=157m2 + 628m

SA =785m2

Cubes and Cuboids

To find the surface area of a shape, we calculate the

total area of all of the faces.

The top and the bottom of the

cuboid have the same area.

To find the surface area of a shape, we calculate the

total area of all of the faces.

The front and the back of the

cuboid have the same area.

To find the surface area of a shape, we calculate the

total area of all of the faces.

The left hand side and the right

hand side of the cuboid have

the same area.

To find the surface area of a shape, we calculate the

total area of all of the faces.

Can you work out the

5 cm

surface area of this cubiod?

8 cm

The area of the top = 8 5

= 40 cm2

7 cm

= 35 cm2

The area of the side = 7 8

= 56 cm2

To find the surface area of a shape, we calculate the

total area of all of the faces.

8 cm

5 cm

2 40 cm2

7 cm

+ 2 56 cm2 Left and right side

= 80 + 70 + 112 = 262 cm2

We can find the formula for the surface area of a cuboid

as follows.

Surface area of a cuboid =

l

2 lw

+ 2 hw

+ 2 lh

How can we find the surface area of a cube of length x?

All six faces of a cube have the

same area.

The area of each face is x x = x2

Therefore,

x

This cuboid is made from alternate purple and green

centimetre cubes.

What is its surface area?

Surface area

=234+235+245

= 24 + 30 + 40

= 94 cm2

How much of the

surface area is green?

48 cm2

What is the surface area of this L-shaped prism?

3 cm

3 cm

4 cm

6 cm

this shape we need to add

together the area of the two

L-shapes and the area of the

6 rectangles that make up

the surface of the shape.

Total surface area

5 cm

= 2 22 + 18 + 9 + 12 + 6

+ 6 + 15

= 110 cm2

It can be helpful to use the net of a 3-D shape to calculate its

surface area.

Here is the net of a 3 cm by 5 cm by 6 cm cubiod.

6 cm

3 cm

18 cm2

3 cm

5 cm 15 cm2

30 cm2

15 cm2

3 cm

18 cm2

3 cm

6 cm

30 cm2

area of each

face.

Then add the

areas together

to find the

surface area.

Here is the net of a regular tetrahedron.

What is its surface area?

Area of each face = bh

= 6 5.2

= 15.6 cm2

5.2 cm

= 62.4 cm2

6 cm

Lateral Face

Architecture. The lateral faces of the

Pyramid Arena in Memphis, Tennessee, are

covered with steal panels. Use the diagram

of the arena to find the area of each lateral

face of this regular pyramid.

Pyramid Arena

mynameismr.info/.../Surface%20Area%20of%20Pyramids%20&%20Cones.ppt

mynameismr.info/.../Surface%20Area%20of%20Pyramids%20&%20Cones.ppt

Unit 6, Day 4

Ms. Reed

With slides from www.cohs.com/.../229_9.3%20Surface%20Area%20of

%20Pyramids%20and%20Cones%20C...

A cone has a circular base and a vertex that is not in the same plane as a

base.

In a right cone, the height meets the base at its center.

Height

above the center of

the circle.

Lateral Surface

Slant Height

r

Base

and the base.

The slant height of a cone is the distance between the vertex and a

point on the base edge.

S B rl r rl

2

l

B r

Since Lateral Area = Surface Area area of the

base

r rl

L.A. = 2

Example 1:

whole number.

a.

r = 4 slant height = 6

4 in.

S r rl

2

(4) (4)(6)

2

6 in.

16 24

40

40(3.14)

126in.

Example 2:

Find the surface area of the cone to the nearest whole

number.

b.

5 ft.

12 ft.

l r h

2

2

(12) (5)

2

144 25 169

l 169 13

Next, r = 12,

l 13.

S r 2 r l

2

(12) (12)(13)

144 156

300

942 ft.

On your own #1

Calculate the surface

area of:

S r 2 rl

S = (7)2 + (7)(11.40)

S = 49 + 79.80

S = 128.8

On your own #2

Calculate the lateral area of:

L.A.

r = r l

2

L.A. = (5)(13)

L.A. = 65

Homework

Work Packet:

Surface Area of Cones

4-Surface Area of a

Sphere

Sphere

Hemisphere

Great Circle

5-Basic Geometric

Properties

Volume of a

cuboid

to calculate the volume of a

cuboid

Cuboids

Now imagine it is full

of cubic centimetres

6 cm

1 cm3

4 cm

10 cm

bottom layer?

There are 6 layers of 40 cubes making 40 6 = 240 cm3

6 cm

height

10 cm

length

4 cm

breadth

breadth and then by the height

or

V=lbh

at the same

cuboid and this

time try the

formula

6 cm

4 cm

10 cm

V=lbh

= 10 4 6 cm3

= 240 cm3

You will see that this is the same answer as we got before

6-Volume of a Cylinder

What is Volume?

The volume of a three-dimensional figure

is the amount of space within it.

Measured in Units Cubed (e.g. cm3)

Volume of a Prism

Volume of a Prism is calculated by

Volume = Area of cross section x perpendicular height

V = Ah

V = (4 x 4) x 4 = 64 m3

What is this?

It has 2 equal shapes at the base, but it is

not a prism as it has rounded sides

It is a Cylinder

Volume of a Cylinder

How might we find the Volume of a

Cylinder?

Example

V = Ah

Pieces Missing

pipe

Volume of Concrete = Volume of Big Cylinder

Volume of Small Cylinder (hole)

HOME WORK

place

Homework/Challenge

Challenge Question

Volume of a Cylinder

How might we find the Volume of a

Cylinder?

V = Ah

=

Conversion of units

1cm 10mm

1m 100cm

1km 1000m

Conversions of Units

1 cm2 = 10 mm x 10 mm

=100 mm2

1 m2

= 100 cm x 100 cm

= 10 000 cm2

1 m2

1 ha

= 100 m x 100 m

1 km2 = 100 ha

= 10 000 m2

1 cm3

= 1cm x 1cm x 1cm

= 10 mm 10 mm 10 mm

= 1000 mm3

1 m3

= 1m x 1m x 1m

= 100 cm 100 cm 100 cm

= 1 000 000 cm3

of a three-dimensional

figure is the amount of space within it.

Measured in Units Cubed (e.g. cm3)

Volume and capacity are related.

Capacity is the amount of material (usually

liquid) that a container can hold.

Capacity is measured in millilitres, litres and

kilolitres.

Examples of Capacity

1000 mL = 1 LCapacity?

1000 L = 1 kL

1 cm3 = 1 mL

1,000cm3 = 1000ml = 1L

1 m3 = 1000 L = 1 kL

Examples

Convert 1800 mL to L

1800ml = 1800/1000

= 1.8L

2.3 m3 to L 1m3 = 1000L (1kL)

2.3m3 = 2.3kL

= 2300L

Length = 5.53cm

Capacity

Find the Capacity of this cube

Length = 5.53cm

V = Ah

= (5.53 x 5.53) x 5.53

= 169.11cm3 (1cm3 = 1ml)

Capacity = 169.11ml

Example

Find the capacity of this rectangular prism.

Solution

Volume = Ah

= (26 x 12) x5

= 312 5

= 1560 cm3 (1cm3 = 1mL)

Capacity = 1560 mL or 1.56 L

1L)

(1000mL =

Ex 11.08 Q 7.

hold the run-off when 40 mm of rain falls on a

roof 12 m long and 3.6 m wide? (Answer in

litres.)

7-Volume of Cones

Volume of Cylinders

Volume = Base x height

V = Bh

B

r

Base area = r2

Fill cone with water.

Pour water into cylinder.

Repeat until cylinder is full.

r

Volume of Cone?

=

Volume = Base x height

Volume of Cone

Volume = Base x height

V = Bh

Base area = r2

V = ( . 2.5 2) . 7

V = 3.14 . 6.25 . 7

V = 45.79 cm3

h = 7 cm

r =2.5 cm

Volume of a Sphere

Volume of a Sphere

that the volume of a cone is the same as the volume of a

hemisphere (with corresponding dimensions)

Using math language Volume (cone) = Volume (sphere)

Therefore

OR

Volume of a Sphere

Volumecone

OR

Volumecylinder

3

Volume of a Sphere

AND we know the formula for the volume of a cylinder

Height

BASE

Volume of a Sphere

SUMMARIZING:

Volume (cylinder) = (Area Base) (height)

Volume (cone) = Volume (cylinder) /3

3

AND 2(Volume (cone)) = Volume (sphere)

2X

Volume of a Sphere

2(Volume (cone)) = Volume (sphere)

2X

2(r2 )(h)/3= Volume (sphere)

BUT h = 2r

2

4(r3)/3 = Volume(sphere)

r

r

4 r

3

3

Volume of a Sphere

4 r 3

3

Volumesphere

4 r 3

3

4 r

4 r 3

3

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