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# K.

V
Faridkot

Harkamalpreet
Singh Brar

9 -B
th

Topic

Objectives
At the end of the lesson the students
should be able;
To find the surface area of a
cylinder ..

What is a cylinder?
The term Cylinder refers to a right
circular cylinder. Like a right prism, its
altitude is perpendicular to the bases
and has an endpoint in each base.

PRESENTATION
base

altitude
base

## What will happen if we

removed the end of the
cylinder and unrolled the
body?

!!!!

## This will happen if we unrolled

and removed the end of a
cylinder.

2r

Circumference
of the base

## Notice that we had formed 2

circles and a 1 rectangle.
The 2 circles serves as our bases of
our cylinder and the rectangular
region represent the body

## How can we solved the surface

area of a Cylinder?
To solve the surface area of a
cylinder, add the areas of the
circular bases and the area of
the rectangular region which is
the body of the cylinder.

## This is the formula in order to

solved the surface are of a
cylinder.
SA= area of 2 circular bases
+ are of a rectangle

oR

SA=2r2 +2r
Or

SA=2r (r + h)

## Find the surface area of a

cylindrical water tank given the
height of 20m and the radius of
5m? (Use as 3.14)
Given:
h=20m
r=5m

SA=2r2 +2rh
=2(3.14)(5m)2 + 2[(3.14)
(5m)(20m)
=157m2 + 628m
SA =785m2

## 2-Surface Area of a Prism

Cubes and Cuboids

## Surface area of a cuboid

To find the surface area of a shape, we calculate the
total area of all of the faces.

## A cuboid has 6 faces.

The top and the bottom of the
cuboid have the same area.

## Surface area of a cuboid

To find the surface area of a shape, we calculate the
total area of all of the faces.

## A cuboid has 6 faces.

The front and the back of the
cuboid have the same area.

## Surface area of a cuboid

To find the surface area of a shape, we calculate the
total area of all of the faces.

## A cuboid has 6 faces.

The left hand side and the right
hand side of the cuboid have
the same area.

## Surface area of a cuboid

To find the surface area of a shape, we calculate the
total area of all of the faces.
Can you work out the
5 cm
surface area of this cubiod?
8 cm
The area of the top = 8 5
= 40 cm2
7 cm

## The area of the front = 7 5

= 35 cm2
The area of the side = 7 8
= 56 cm2

## Surface area of a cuboid

To find the surface area of a shape, we calculate the
total area of all of the faces.
8 cm

5 cm

2 40 cm2

7 cm

## + 2 35 cm2 Front and back

+ 2 56 cm2 Left and right side
= 80 + 70 + 112 = 262 cm2

## Formula for the surface area of a cuboid

We can find the formula for the surface area of a cuboid
as follows.
Surface area of a cuboid =
l

2 lw

+ 2 hw

+ 2 lh

## Surface area of a cube

How can we find the surface area of a cube of length x?
All six faces of a cube have the
same area.
The area of each face is x x = x2
Therefore,
x

## Checkered cuboid problem

This cuboid is made from alternate purple and green
centimetre cubes.
What is its surface area?
Surface area
=234+235+245
= 24 + 30 + 40
= 94 cm2
How much of the
surface area is green?
48 cm2

## Surface area of a prism

What is the surface area of this L-shaped prism?
3 cm
3 cm
4 cm
6 cm

## To find the surface area of

this shape we need to add
together the area of the two
L-shapes and the area of the
6 rectangles that make up
the surface of the shape.
Total surface area

5 cm

= 2 22 + 18 + 9 + 12 + 6
+ 6 + 15
= 110 cm2

## Using nets to find surface area

It can be helpful to use the net of a 3-D shape to calculate its
surface area.
Here is the net of a 3 cm by 5 cm by 6 cm cubiod.
6 cm
3 cm

18 cm2

3 cm

5 cm 15 cm2

30 cm2

15 cm2

3 cm

18 cm2

3 cm

6 cm

30 cm2

area of each
face.
areas together
to find the
surface area.

## Using nets to find surface area

Here is the net of a regular tetrahedron.
What is its surface area?
Area of each face = bh
= 6 5.2
= 15.6 cm2
5.2 cm

= 62.4 cm2
6 cm

## 3-Warm up: Finding the Area of a

Lateral Face
Architecture. The lateral faces of the
Pyramid Arena in Memphis, Tennessee, are
covered with steal panels. Use the diagram
of the arena to find the area of each lateral
face of this regular pyramid.

Pyramid Arena

mynameismr.info/.../Surface%20Area%20of%20Pyramids%20&%20Cones.ppt

mynameismr.info/.../Surface%20Area%20of%20Pyramids%20&%20Cones.ppt

## Surface Area of a Cone

Unit 6, Day 4
Ms. Reed
With slides from www.cohs.com/.../229_9.3%20Surface%20Area%20of
%20Pyramids%20and%20Cones%20C...

A cone has a circular base and a vertex that is not in the same plane as a
base.
In a right cone, the height meets the base at its center.
Height

## The vertex is directly

above the center of
the circle.

Lateral Surface
Slant Height

r
Base

## The height of a cone is the perpendicular distance between the vertex

and the base.
The slant height of a cone is the distance between the vertex and a
point on the base edge.

S B rl r rl
2

l
B r

## Lateral Area of a Cone

Since Lateral Area = Surface Area area of the
base

r rl
L.A. = 2

Example 1:

## Find the surface area of the cone to the nearest

whole number.
a.
r = 4 slant height = 6
4 in.

S r rl
2

(4) (4)(6)
2

6 in.

16 24

40
40(3.14)

126in.

Example 2:
Find the surface area of the cone to the nearest whole
number.

b.
5 ft.

12 ft.

## First, find the slant height.

l r h
2
2
(12) (5)
2

144 25 169

l 169 13

Next, r = 12,

l 13.

S r 2 r l
2

(12) (12)(13)
144 156

300

942 ft.

Calculate the surface
area of:
S r 2 rl

S = (7)2 + (7)(11.40)
S = 49 + 79.80
S = 128.8

Calculate the lateral area of:

L.A.
r = r l
2

L.A. = (5)(13)
L.A. = 65

Homework
Work Packet:
Surface Area of Cones

4-Surface Area of a
Sphere

Sphere

Hemisphere

Great Circle

## (Surface Area of a Sphere) = 4r2

5-Basic Geometric
Properties
Volume of a
cuboid

## In this lesson you will learn

to calculate the volume of a
cuboid

Cuboids

## Look at this cuboid

Now imagine it is full
of cubic centimetres

6 cm

1 cm3
4 cm
10 cm

## Can you see that there are 10 4 = 40 cubic centimetres on the

bottom layer?
There are 6 layers of 40 cubes making 40 6 = 240 cm3

6 cm
height

10 cm
length

4 cm

## When we worked out the volume we multiplied the length by the

breadth and then by the height

or

V=lbh

## Lets us look again

at the same
cuboid and this
time try the
formula

6 cm

4 cm
10 cm

V=lbh
= 10 4 6 cm3
= 240 cm3
You will see that this is the same answer as we got before

6-Volume of a Cylinder

What is Volume?
The volume of a three-dimensional figure
is the amount of space within it.
Measured in Units Cubed (e.g. cm3)

Volume of a Prism
Volume of a Prism is calculated by
Volume = Area of cross section x perpendicular height
V = Ah
V = (4 x 4) x 4 = 64 m3

What is this?
It has 2 equal shapes at the base, but it is
not a prism as it has rounded sides

It is a Cylinder

Volume of a Cylinder
How might we find the Volume of a
Cylinder?

Example
V = Ah

Pieces Missing

## Find the volume of concrete used to make this

pipe
Volume of Concrete = Volume of Big Cylinder
Volume of Small Cylinder (hole)

HOME WORK

## Find the Volume of the Solid. To 1 decimal

place

Homework/Challenge
Challenge Question

Volume of a Cylinder
How might we find the Volume of a
Cylinder?
V = Ah
=

Conversion of units
1cm 10mm
1m 100cm
1km 1000m

Conversions of Units
1 cm2 = 10 mm x 10 mm

=100 mm2

1 m2

= 100 cm x 100 cm

= 10 000 cm2

1 m2

1 ha

= 100 m x 100 m

1 km2 = 100 ha

= 10 000 m2

## What about when cubic units?

1 cm3
= 1cm x 1cm x 1cm
= 10 mm 10 mm 10 mm
= 1000 mm3
1 m3
= 1m x 1m x 1m
= 100 cm 100 cm 100 cm
= 1 000 000 cm3

## Volume - The volumeCapacity

of a three-dimensional
figure is the amount of space within it.
Measured in Units Cubed (e.g. cm3)
Volume and capacity are related.
Capacity is the amount of material (usually
liquid) that a container can hold.
Capacity is measured in millilitres, litres and
kilolitres.

Examples of Capacity

## How does Volume relate to

1000 mL = 1 LCapacity?
1000 L = 1 kL
1 cm3 = 1 mL
1,000cm3 = 1000ml = 1L
1 m3 = 1000 L = 1 kL

Examples
Convert 1800 mL to L
1800ml = 1800/1000
= 1.8L
2.3 m3 to L 1m3 = 1000L (1kL)
2.3m3 = 2.3kL
= 2300L

Length = 5.53cm

Capacity
Find the Capacity of this cube
Length = 5.53cm
V = Ah
= (5.53 x 5.53) x 5.53
= 169.11cm3 (1cm3 = 1ml)
Capacity = 169.11ml

Example
Find the capacity of this rectangular prism.
Solution
Volume = Ah
= (26 x 12) x5
= 312 5
= 1560 cm3 (1cm3 = 1mL)
Capacity = 1560 mL or 1.56 L
1L)

(1000mL =

Ex 11.08 Q 7.

## What size rainwater tank would be needed to

hold the run-off when 40 mm of rain falls on a
roof 12 m long and 3.6 m wide? (Answer in
litres.)

7-Volume of Cones

Volume of Cylinders
Volume = Base x height
V = Bh

B
r

Base area = r2

## Use plastic space figures.

Fill cone with water.
Pour water into cylinder.
Repeat until cylinder is full.
r

Volume of Cone?
=

## 3 cones fill the cylinder, so

Volume = Base x height

Volume of Cone

## 3 cones fill the cylinder

Volume = Base x height
V = Bh
Base area = r2

V = ( . 2.5 2) . 7
V = 3.14 . 6.25 . 7
V = 45.79 cm3

h = 7 cm

r =2.5 cm

## 8-Developing the Formula for the

Volume of a Sphere

Volume of a Sphere

## Using relational solids and pouring material we noted

that the volume of a cone is the same as the volume of a
hemisphere (with corresponding dimensions)
Using math language Volume (cone) = Volume (sphere)
Therefore

OR

## 2(Volume (cone)) = Volume (sphere)

Volume of a Sphere

## We already know the formula for the volume of a cone.

Volumecone

OR

Volumecylinder
3

Volume of a Sphere
AND we know the formula for the volume of a cylinder

Height

## Volumecylinder ( Area of Base ) X (Height )

BASE

Volume of a Sphere
SUMMARIZING:
Volume (cylinder) = (Area Base) (height)
Volume (cone) = Volume (cylinder) /3
3

## Volume (cone) = (Area Base) (height)/3

AND 2(Volume (cone)) = Volume (sphere)
2X

Volume of a Sphere
2(Volume (cone)) = Volume (sphere)
2X

## 2(Area of Base ) (height) /3= Volume (sphere)

2(r2 )(h)/3= Volume (sphere)
BUT h = 2r

## 2(r )(2r)/3 = Volume(sphere)

2

4(r3)/3 = Volume(sphere)

r
r

4 r
3
3

Volume of a Sphere

4 r 3
3

Volumesphere

4 r 3
3

4 r

4 r 3
3