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Timber Formwork

Melvin Tan Teng Hung ( 0324938 )


Shum Wen Jun ( 0325151)
Penny Leung Ling Yee( 0328245)
Ngeow Yee Ling ( 0329178)

Timber for formwork


requirement
Well seasoned
Light in weight
Easily workable with nails without splitting
Free from loose knots
Shuttering uses smooth and even surface on all faces

Size of timber
Various sizes of members of timber
Types

Sizes

Sheeting for slabs, beams,


column sides, and beam bottom.

25mm to 40 mm

Joints, ledges

50mm x 70mm to 50mm x


150mm

Posts

75mm x 100mm to 100mm x


100mm

suitability

Advantage

Disadvantage

cost

For small work

Easy handling
because its light

Cant be used for


long, have limited
re-use

cheap

Easy to disassemble

Not enough strength


as compared to steel
formwork to carry
large pressure

Damaged part can


be easily replaced

Leakage through
joints and apertures

Good thermal
insulator

Low resistant
towards fire

Reduce site labour

Can be affected by
insects or salt water

Methods minimizing the problems


Biotic Agents
1. Careful selection of wood - Decay resistant heartwood such as sweet
chestnut (Castarea Sative Mill.), oak (Quercus spp.), juniper (Juniperus
spp.) etc.
2. Coating - Prevent rapid uptake & loss of moisture & reduces shrinkage &
swelling.
*Addition of fungicides to coating provides some protection against
development of decay & mold fungi.
3. Drying - Klin drying kills fungi or insects that may attack the wood.

Abiotic Agents (Fire)


4. Fire retardants Increase the burning point & retard spread & penetration
of
flame.
*Fire retardants only reduce the flammability of wood & slow or eliminate
progressive combustion.

Concrete Flooring
Finishes
Melvin Tan Teng Hung ( 0324938 )
Shum Wen Jun ( 0325151)
Penny Leung Ling Yee( 0328245)
Ngeow Yee Ling ( 0329178)

Why choose concrete


finishes for flooring
Durable
Sound proof
Appearance
Damp free
Efficient
Good fire resistance
Low maintenance cost

Suitability
Concrete flooring is commonly used throughout the
residential area to high-rise building to basement
remodelling.
Concrete is a more stylist compared to other material
component and mostly recommended for indoor floors.
It looks more refined in a traditional kitchen and also
living room.
Concrete has been proven that it has one of the most
uses and least defects towards the floor finishes.

Advantages & Disadvantages


Advantages

Disadvantages

Sound proof

Noise wont be easily


spread out around
the room

Poor insulator for


heat and sound

Do not provide
satisfying effect

Durability

Last longer
compared to other
components of
building

Defects

Not easily rectify,


cannot be
satisfactory repaired
by patchwork

Energy efficient

Reduce energy
demand for thermal
control

Time

Fast and less time


used to complete a
floor

Damp free

Non absorbent to
dampness

Fire resistance

Not easily heated

Maintenance Cost

Cheap and easy to

Cost
The cost for it and maintenance is cheap
Economical
It is more affordable compared to other flooring
materials