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Degree in Chemical
Fluid Mechanics
Flow Through Pipes – Part 3
(Week 8)
PowerPoint® Slides

© I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd


11/29/16 Learning Objective (s) • To discuss the properties and losses of different types of flow along the pipelines and non-circular conduits . © I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd 2 . which includes laminar. transition and turbulent flows.

• Calculate the fictional and minor losses along the pipelines. transition and turbulent flows.11/29/16 Learning Outcome (s) Students should be able to • Differentiate the behaviour of laminar. © I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd 3 .

11/29/16 Introduction  Chapter 5 introduces different types of flow in the pipelines and non-circular conduits. © I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd 4 . Frictional and minor losses along the pipelines during the transportation of fluid will be discussed.

11/29/16 Hydraulic Grade Line and Total Energy Line  The graphical form of Bernoulli Equation  Hydraulic Grade Line (HGL)  Affected by the velocity of the fluid  Energy Line  Represent the total head available to the fluid  Constant along the streamline © I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd 5 .

11/29/16 Pipes  Series pipes  Parallel pipes  Branched pipes © I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd 6 .

Find the head supplied by the pump. Minor losses are negligible.03 m3/s. hp.11/29/16 Example 1  A pump is used to pump water from reservoir A to reservoir B at a rate of 0. 36 m long commercial steel pipes are used to deliver the water. © I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd 7 .

The pipes are identical and the diameter and friction factor of the pipes are 0. Minor losses are negligible. Determine the volumetric flow rate. Q1.3 m and 0.02 respectively. Water flows from A into B and C.11/29/16 Example 2  Three reservoirs are connected by three pipes. Q2 and Q3 © I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd 8 .

 Devices:  Orifice meter  Nozzle meter  Venturi meter © I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd Qreal  cQideal 9 .11/29/16 Pipe Flowrate Measurement  Relate pressure difference with velocity. • Empirical coefficient (c) is used account for the viscosity effect.

© I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd 10 .11/29/16 Example 3  A 5cm diameter orifice plate is inserted in a 8 cm diameter pipe.03m3/s. Determine the pressure differences if the actual water flowrate is 0.

2010. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics.11/29/16 References: Munson. F. 2010. A. Young. Y. Cimbala. J. 6th edn. Okiishi. Fluid Mechanics Fundamentals and Applications. John Wiley & Sons Cengel.. McGraw Hill. T. M. 2nd edn. B. © I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd 11 . R. W.. W. Huebsch. D... D.

11/29/16 Conclusion/Summary • Summary 1 • Summary 2 • Summary 3 © I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd 12 .

11/29/16 Key terms: Term Definition Contraction coefficient Discharge coefficient © I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd 13 .