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GROUP MEMBERS:

ADIB HELMI BIN MUSTAFA (2014491386)


FAREEZ IZWAN BIN NORMAN WONG (2014482176)
MUHAMMAD AL AQIB BIN MOHD ZAHID
(2014417846)
MUHAMMAD NAQIB BIN AZIZAN (2014281814)
TENGKU AZWAN BIN RAJA MAMAT (2014264006)

GROUP :
EH220 4B

DETAIL DESIGN

To find the rate constant, k (at 55C)


H2SO4

C2H4O H2O

C2H6O2

A B
C
*Assume it is liquid flow system.
Species

Feed Rate

Change

Effluent Rate

Concentration

FA0

-FA0X

FA = FA0(1-X)

CA = CA0(1-X)

FB0

-FA0X

FB = FA0(B-X)

CB = CA0(B-X)

+FA0X

FC = FA0X

CC = CA0X

CA0 is given as 2 kmol/m3. Since dilution occurred,


the initial concentration of A that fed to the reactor
will dilute and become to 1 kmol/m3.

Calculation
Sample

CC = CA0X
0.145 = (1)(X)
X = 0.145
CA = CA0 (1-X)
CA = (1)(1-0.145)
CA = 0.855
ln
= 0.157

= 1.170

*Based on the information given and some


calculation, table below are created;
Time (min)

Cc
0

X=(Cc/Ca0)
0

Ca=Ca0(1-x)
0

ln (Ca0/Ca)
1

1/Ca
0

1
1.16959

0.5

0.145

0.145

0.855

0.15665381

1
1.36986

0.27

0.27

0.73

0.314710745

3
1.60256

1.5

0.376

0.376

0.624

0.471604911

4
1.87617

0.467

0.467

0.533

0.629233855

3
2.56410

0.61

0.61

0.39

0.94160854

3
3.50877

0.715

0.715

0.285

1.255266099

2
6.57894

0.848

0.848

0.152

1.883874758

7
23.2558

10

0.957

0.957

0.043

3.146555163

*Based on the table above, graph below are plotted


to determine the order of ethylene oxide.
Graph of Ca, ln (Ca0/Ca), 1/Ca vs time
25

20

Ca, ln (Ca0/Ca), 1/Ca

15

Ca
ln(Ca0/Ca)
Linear (ln(Ca0/Ca))
1/Ca

10

f(x) = 0.31x - 0
0

Time (min)

10

12

Based on the graph plotted, proved that the


reaction of ethylene oxide is first order reaction
since ln(CA0/CA) increased linearly with respect to
time. The reaction for excess water is zero order
since the condition is in dilute as stated by T.
Furusawa, Chem. Eng. Jpn. 2, 95 (1969).
-rA = kCA1CB0
First-Order Equation:
k = gradient
=
= 0.3146 min-1

To evaluate the maximum coversion


obtainable using the idle reactor
(1) Mole Balance and Design Equation
FA0 FA rAV 0

eq (1)

The design equation in terms of x is;


V

FA0 X
rA

eq (2)

(2) Rate Law


rA kC A

eq (3)

(3) Stoichiometry (liquid phase, v=v0)


C A C A0 (1 X )

eq (4)

(4) Combining yields


V

v0 C A0 X
kC A0 (1 X )

v0 X
k (1 X )

eq (5)

Solving for X as a function of T and recalling that


= V/v0
k
X
eq (6)
MB

1 k

Arrhenius equation;
E 1 1
k


R T1 T
79046 J / mol 1
1 1
0.3146 exp

8.314 J / mol.K 328 T K


T 328
0.3146 exp 28.9865
eq (7)

k1 exp

v A0

FA 0
C A0

1600kmol / min
16kmol / m 3
100m 3 / min

v0

v Ao v B 0

100 100 m 3 / min


200m 3 / min

V
v0

1m 3
200m 3 / min
0.005 min

Substitute and eq (7) into eq (6);


X MB

T 328
0.005 0.3146 exp 28.9865

T 328
1 0.005 0.3146 exp 28.9865

T 328
(1.573 10 3 ) exp 28.9865

T 328
1 (1.573 10 3 ) exp 28.9865

eq (8)

(5) The Energy Balance for this adiabatic reaction


in which there is negligible energy input provided in
stirrer is;
X EB

Cp (T T
i

i0

[H Rx (TR ) Cp (T TR ]

y B 0 0.5

1
y A0 0.5

eq (9)

From table heat capacities and kopps rule;


Cp A 0.0792kJ / mol.K
Cp B 75.4kJ / mol.K
Cp C 0.182kJ / mol.K

Cp
i

Cp

A Cp A B Cp B
(1)(0.0792) (1)(75.4)
75.4792kJ / mol.K
eq (10)
Cp C Cp B Cp C
0.182 75.4 0.0792
75.2972kJ / mol.K
eq (11)

Substitute eq (10) and (11) into eq (9)


X EB

75.4792(T 318)
37.669 75.2972(T 298)

eq (12)

Sample Calculation:
When T = 318K
Calling for eq (12);
75.4792(318 318)
37.669 75.2972(318 298)
0

X EB

Calling for eq (8);


T 328

T 328
1 (1.573 10 3 ) exp 28.9865

(1.573 10 3 ) exp 28.9865

X MB

(1.573 10 3 )(0.4019)

1 0.4019
0.00045

*Table of XMB and XEB are created after the


calculation is done.
T(K)

XMB

XEB

318

0.00045

340

0.0044

0.5189

360

0.0203

0.6736

380

0.0767

0.7533

400

0.2249

0.8019

420

0.4737

0.8347

440

0.7158

0.8582

460

0.8657

0.876

480

0.9384

0.8898

500

0.9711

0.9009

1.2

0.8

Conversion, X
0.6
XMB
XEB
0.4

0.2

0
318

338

358

378

398

418

Temperature (K)

438

458

478

498

*Based on graph plotted;


Maximum Temperature = 463K
Maximum Conversion = 0.84