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FAREEZ IZWAN BIN NORMAN WONG (2014482176)

MUHAMMAD AL AQIB BIN MOHD ZAHID

(2014417846)

MUHAMMAD NAQIB BIN AZIZAN (2014281814)

TENGKU AZWAN BIN RAJA MAMAT (2014264006)

GROUP :

EH220 4B

DETAIL DESIGN

H2SO4

C2H4O H2O

C2H6O2

A B

C

*Assume it is liquid flow system.

Species

Feed Rate

Change

Effluent Rate

Concentration

FA0

-FA0X

FA = FA0(1-X)

CA = CA0(1-X)

FB0

-FA0X

FB = FA0(B-X)

CB = CA0(B-X)

+FA0X

FC = FA0X

CC = CA0X

the initial concentration of A that fed to the reactor

will dilute and become to 1 kmol/m3.

Calculation

Sample

CC = CA0X

0.145 = (1)(X)

X = 0.145

CA = CA0 (1-X)

CA = (1)(1-0.145)

CA = 0.855

ln

= 0.157

= 1.170

calculation, table below are created;

Time (min)

Cc

0

X=(Cc/Ca0)

0

Ca=Ca0(1-x)

0

ln (Ca0/Ca)

1

1/Ca

0

1

1.16959

0.5

0.145

0.145

0.855

0.15665381

1

1.36986

0.27

0.27

0.73

0.314710745

3

1.60256

1.5

0.376

0.376

0.624

0.471604911

4

1.87617

0.467

0.467

0.533

0.629233855

3

2.56410

0.61

0.61

0.39

0.94160854

3

3.50877

0.715

0.715

0.285

1.255266099

2

6.57894

0.848

0.848

0.152

1.883874758

7

23.2558

10

0.957

0.957

0.043

3.146555163

to determine the order of ethylene oxide.

Graph of Ca, ln (Ca0/Ca), 1/Ca vs time

25

20

15

Ca

ln(Ca0/Ca)

Linear (ln(Ca0/Ca))

1/Ca

10

f(x) = 0.31x - 0

0

Time (min)

10

12

reaction of ethylene oxide is first order reaction

since ln(CA0/CA) increased linearly with respect to

time. The reaction for excess water is zero order

since the condition is in dilute as stated by T.

Furusawa, Chem. Eng. Jpn. 2, 95 (1969).

-rA = kCA1CB0

First-Order Equation:

k = gradient

=

= 0.3146 min-1

obtainable using the idle reactor

(1) Mole Balance and Design Equation

FA0 FA rAV 0

eq (1)

V

FA0 X

rA

eq (2)

rA kC A

eq (3)

C A C A0 (1 X )

eq (4)

V

v0 C A0 X

kC A0 (1 X )

v0 X

k (1 X )

eq (5)

= V/v0

k

X

eq (6)

MB

1 k

Arrhenius equation;

E 1 1

k

R T1 T

79046 J / mol 1

1 1

0.3146 exp

T 328

0.3146 exp 28.9865

eq (7)

k1 exp

v A0

FA 0

C A0

1600kmol / min

16kmol / m 3

100m 3 / min

v0

v Ao v B 0

200m 3 / min

V

v0

1m 3

200m 3 / min

0.005 min

X MB

T 328

0.005 0.3146 exp 28.9865

T 328

1 0.005 0.3146 exp 28.9865

T 328

(1.573 10 3 ) exp 28.9865

T 328

1 (1.573 10 3 ) exp 28.9865

eq (8)

in which there is negligible energy input provided in

stirrer is;

X EB

Cp (T T

i

i0

[H Rx (TR ) Cp (T TR ]

y B 0 0.5

1

y A0 0.5

eq (9)

Cp A 0.0792kJ / mol.K

Cp B 75.4kJ / mol.K

Cp C 0.182kJ / mol.K

Cp

i

Cp

A Cp A B Cp B

(1)(0.0792) (1)(75.4)

75.4792kJ / mol.K

eq (10)

Cp C Cp B Cp C

0.182 75.4 0.0792

75.2972kJ / mol.K

eq (11)

X EB

75.4792(T 318)

37.669 75.2972(T 298)

eq (12)

Sample Calculation:

When T = 318K

Calling for eq (12);

75.4792(318 318)

37.669 75.2972(318 298)

0

X EB

T 328

T 328

1 (1.573 10 3 ) exp 28.9865

X MB

(1.573 10 3 )(0.4019)

1 0.4019

0.00045

calculation is done.

T(K)

XMB

XEB

318

0.00045

340

0.0044

0.5189

360

0.0203

0.6736

380

0.0767

0.7533

400

0.2249

0.8019

420

0.4737

0.8347

440

0.7158

0.8582

460

0.8657

0.876

480

0.9384

0.8898

500

0.9711

0.9009

1.2

0.8

Conversion, X

0.6

XMB

XEB

0.4

0.2

0

318

338

358

378

398

418

Temperature (K)

438

458

478

498

Maximum Temperature = 463K

Maximum Conversion = 0.84

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