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CECE1100

ENGINEERING GRAPHICS

LECTURE 1
1. Introduction to AutoCAD
2. AutoCAD screen components
3. Initial setting of AutoCAD drawing
4. Saving the drawing

LECTURE 1

What is the purpose of engineering drawing?


Not simply an illustration (or rough sketch/drawing)

But In Engineering Graphics: Specifies the


size, shape and other important features of
a part or structure

Course Structure

Assessment

40% Marks from AutoCAD


Course Work

Mark Distribution

Class Works

10

Test 1

15

Test 2

15

60% Marks from Manual Drawing

40

What is CAD?
Computer Aided Design and Draughting (sometimes
known as CADD)
Generally, it is the use of computers in design and
drawing processes
Traditionally, technical drawing are made using manual
drafting. It is often require a lot of effort and time
consuming particularly for large complex drawing.
CAD is being used widely in modern practice. The ability of
computer that enable engineers to produce, revise, store
and transmit original drawings has made it very important.
Example of CAD software: AutoCAD, PRO/Engineer,
IDEAS, UNIGRAPHICS, CATIA, SolidWorks, etc.

AIM OF THE COURSE


Knowledge of auto cad software
commands
Understanding and drawing of 2D
drawings
Ability to develop 3D drawings from 2D
drawings

Advantages of CAD

Easier Creation and Corrections - Working/detail drawings may


be created more quickly and makings changes is more efficient
than correcting drawings made by hand.
Better Visualisation of drawings - Many systems allow different
views of the same object and 3D pictorial view.
Database of Drawing Aids - Designs and symbols can be stored
for easy recall and reuse.
Increased Accuracy - Using the computer, the drawing can be
produced with more accuracy.
Improved Filing - Drawings can be more conveniently filed,
retrieved and transmitted on disks and tape.
Quick Design Analysis
Simulation and Testing

AutoCAD screen components.

APPLICATION MENU

APPLICATION MENU

QUICK ACCESS TOOL BAR


There is a toolbar at the top of your
AutoCAD screen on the left hand side.
This is a quick Access Toolbar and has
generalcommands like Open, New,
Save, etc. We can add our own
commands to this Toolbar.
Display frequently used tools with the
Quick Access toolbar.

QUICK ACCESS TOOL BAR

RIBBON
The ribbon organizes tools into logical groupings.
The ribbon provides a compact palette of all of the tools necessary to
create or modify your drawing. It can be in placed in the following places:
1.Docked horizontally at the top of the drawing area (default)
2.Docked vertically along the right or left edge of the drawing area
3.Undocked, or floating within the drawing area or on a second monitor

RIBBON

VIEW CUBE
The View Cube is a navigation tool that is displayed when you are working
in 2D model space or 3D visual style. With View Cube, you can switch
between standard and isometric views.

NAVIGATION BAR
The navigation bar is a user interface element where you can access both
unified and product-specific navigation tools.
The following unified navigation tools are available from the
navigation bar:
ViewCube.Indicates the current orientation of a model and is
used to reorient the current view of a model.
SteeringWheels.Collection of wheels that offer rapid switching
between specialized navigation tools.
ShowMotion.User interface element that provides an onscreen
display for creating and playing back for design review,
presentation, and bookmark-style navigation.
3Dconnexion.Set of navigation tools used to reorient the
current view of a model with a 3Dconnexion 3D mouse.
The following product-specific navigation tools are available from
the navigation bar:
Pan.Moves the view parallel to the screen.
Zoom tools.Set of navigation tools for increasing or decreasing
the magnification of the current view of a model.
Orbit tools.Set of navigation tools for rotating the current view

NAVIGATION BAR

COMMAND WINDOW
Text command can be typed here.

STATUS BAR
The status bar displays the cursor location, drawing
tools, and tools that affect your drawing
environment.
The status bar provides quick access to some of the
most commonly used drawing tools. You can toggle
settings such as grid, snap, polar tracking, and
object snap. You can also access additional settings
for some of these tools by clicking their drop down
arrows.

LECTURE 1
INITIAL SETTINGS:
1. UNIT

LECTURE 2
AutoCAD Drawing Aids
1. Coordinate display
2. GRID(F7)
3. SNAP(F9) Grid snap, Polar snap
4. Dynamic input
5. Ortho mode (F8)
6. Polar tracking (F10)
7. Object snap (F3)
8. Object snap tracking (F11)
9. Work space

LECTURE 2

LECTURE 3
Lines and polylines
20,30

35
15
60o

40
5,10
Absolute coordinate system

@40,15

Polar coordinate system

Relative coordinate system

LECTURE 3
Lines and polylines

LECTURE 3
Lines and polylines

LECTURE 3
Lines and polylines

LECTURE 3
Lines and polylines

LECTURE 4
Circle, Arc, Polygon and Rectangle, Ellipse
1. Circle
a. Centre, Radius
b. Centre, Diameter
c. 2 Point
d. 3 Point
e. Tan, Tan, Radius
f. Tan, Tan, Tan

LECTURE 4
Circle, Arc, Polygon and Rectangle, Ellipse
2. Arc
a. 3 Point
b. Start, Center, End
c. Start, End, Radius

LECTURE 4
Circle, Arc, Polygon and Rectangle, Ellipse
2. Arc

LECTURE 4
Circle, Arc, Polygon and Rectangle, Ellipse
3. Polygon
a. Center Method
i) Inscribed circle
ii) Circumscribed circle
b. Edge method

LECTURE 5
Circle, Arc, Polygon and Rectangle, Ellipse
3. Polygon

LECTURE 5
Circle, Arc, Polygon and Rectangle, Ellipse
3. Polygon

LECTURE 5
Circle, Arc, Polygon and Rectangle, Ellipse
4. Ellipse
a. Center Method
b. Axis, End method

LECTURE 5
Circle, Arc, Polygon and Rectangle, Ellipse
4. Ellipse

LECTURE 5
Circle, Arc, Polygon and Rectangle, Ellipse
4. Ellipse

LECTURE 5
Circle, Arc, Polygon and Rectangle, Ellipse
5. Rectangle
a. Corner points
b. Distance

LECTURE 5
Modify commands in AutoCAD
1. Copy

7. Array

2. Mirror

8. Rotate

3. Offset

9. Scale

4. Trim

10. Extend

5. Fillet

11. Explode

6. Chamfer

LECTURE 6

LECTURE 7

LECTURE 8
Exercise no. 4

Tools:
Rectangle
Line
Circle
Rectangular Array
fillet

LECTURE 8
Exercise no. 5

Tools:
Rectangle
Line
Offset
Circle
Trim
Mirror
fillet

LECTURE 8
Exercise no. 6

Tools:
Circle
Line
Rotate
Offset
Delete
Circle
Trim
Polar array

LECTURE 8
Exercise no. 8

Tools:
Line
Circle
Offset
Delete
Trim
Fillet
Rotate

LECTURE 8

Tools:
Circle (CD,TTR)
Line
Mirror
Polar array
Trim

CLASS TEST 3

LECTURE 9
3 D drawing
1. Extrude

LECTURE 9
3 D drawing
1. Extrude

LECTURE 9
3 D drawing
1. Extrude

LECTURE 9
3 D drawing
2. Revolve

LECTURE 9
3 D drawing
2. Revolve

Tools:
Polyline
Offset
fillet
circle
Line
revolve

LECTURE 9
3 D drawing
2. Revolve

LECTURE 9
3 D drawing
3. Sweep

LECTURE 9
3 D drawing
3. Sweep

LECTURE 9
3 D drawing
3. Sweep

CLASS TEST

LECTURE 10
Exercise no. 3

Tools:
Ellipse
Line
Trim
Offset
Line
Offset
Arc
Fillet