You are on page 1of 36

Overview of Power Plant

11/30/16

Kushal kumar Bhosikar


Deputy Manager(OPN)
NTPC Vindhyachal

NTPC Ltd.
Indias largest power company, NTPC was set
up in 1975 to accelerate power development
in India. NTPC is emerging as a diversified
power major with presence in the entire
value chain of the power generation
business.
Apart from power generation, which is the
mainstay of the company, NTPC has already
ventured into consultancy, power trading,
ash utilisation and coal mining.
11/30/16

11/30/16

11/30/16

Institutional Framework
Central Power Organization
GOVERNMENT
OF INDIA

DEPT. OF
ATOMIC
ENERGY

NRB

AEC

NATIONAL
DEVELOPMENT
COUNCIL

NPC

CENTRAL
ELECTRICITY
AUTHORITY

11/30/16

PLANNING
COMMISSION

NJPC

STATE
GOVERNMEN
T

MINISTRY
OF POWER

MNES

DVC
BBMB

THDC

NTPC
NHPC
NEEPCO

ENERGY
MANAGEMENT
CENTRE

CERC

PGCIL

NPTI
CPRI

PFC
REC

POWER SYSTEM COMPONENTS


Generation

Primary Transmission(132/220/400/765KV)

Dhuvaran

Karamsad
CB

Power Plant

Xmer
Sending end(11/220kV)
SS
Commercial/
Industrial
Customer

CB Bus-bar

220 kV

Steel Tower

Primary Grid
(220/66 kV)

Bus-bar

66 kV
Transmission

GCET

Secondary Transmission(66/132KV)

Distribution Transformer
(11/0.415 kV) Primary

Urban
Customers

Distribution

V V Nagar

Secondary Grid

Secondary Distribution

(66/11 kV)

Distribution
Pole

Underground Cable

To Other
Residential
Customer

11/30/16

Residential
Customer

66Kv

Substations

August 2006
North synchronized
With Central Grid

March 2003
Five Regional Grids West synchronized
Two Frequencies With East & Northeast

NEW Grid

October 1991
East and Northeast
synchronized

South
Grid

Central Grid

SR Synch
By 2013-14

MERGING
OF
MARKETS

North
West
South

Installed Capacity: 173 G

East
Northea
st

Five Regional Grids


11/30/16
Five Frequencies

Inter Regional
Capacity:
22 GW

Renewable: 18.4 GW
Target 2012: 200 GW

objectives underlying the formation of National


Grid

To transfer power from


regions to deficit regions
Utilise maximum
diversified regions
Ensure reliable,
quality power
11/30/16

surplus

resources

from

economical

and

REGIONAL GRIDS
GEOGRAPHICAL

30,500 MW
MW
40370
2284 MW

49027 MW

43009 MW

11/30/16

21091
MW
16,000

Installed Generation Capacity


Current ~ 173 GW
Target for Year 2012: 200 GW

Inter regional
Link

MW capacity

NER-ER

1,260

ER-NR

7,930

ER-SR* (excl.
Talcher-Kolar
bipole)

1,130

ER-WR

2,990

SR-WR

1,720

WR-NR

4,220

Other 132 KV
Links

600

Talcher Kolar
HVDC Bipole

2,500

Total as on
date

22,350

Target for 2012

37,700

765 KV RING MAIN SYSTEM

DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL GRID


THE POWER HIGHWAY

URI

WAGOORA
DULHASTI
RAVI SATLUJ

KISHENPUR

JULLANDHAR

CHICKEN NECK

TEHRI

MOGA
BALLABGARH
(DELHI RING)

A'PUR

BHUTAN

MEERUT
HISSAR

NR JAIPUR

BHIWADI

ALLAHABAD
/UNNAO
MALANPUR
SINGRAULI

LIMBDI
JETPUR

DEHGAM

SATNA

NAGDA

BINA
GANDHAR/
SEONI
AMRELI KAWAS
CHEGAON
VAPI BHANDARA

SIPAT

RANGANADI

M'PUR
PURNEA
VARANASI

ROURKELA

KORBA

DIHANG DAMWE
KATHALGURI
MARIANI

MISA

SILIGURI/BIRPARA
BARH
500MW
KAHALGAON
VINDHYA- B'SHARIF
MAITHON
CHAL
NORTH
KARANPURA JAMSHEDPUR BANGLA

BADARPUR
TIPAIMUKH

NER

DESH

ER
HIRMA

RAIPUR

TARAPUR AKOLA
PIPAVAV
BOISAR
WARDA
CHANDRAPUR
PADGHEAMRAVATI
1000MW
PARLI
DHABOL
LONIKAND
KOYNA
KARAD
RAMAGUNDAM

TALCHER
JEYPORE

WR

CHEAP HYDRO POWER FROM THE NORTH-EAST

GAZUWAKA

SR

KOLHAPUR

TALA

BONGAIGAON

G'PUR

AGRA

SHIROHI

ZERDA

TEESTA

BEARILLY
M'BAD
LUCKNOW

AND PIT HEAD THERMAL POWER FROM THE

VIJAYAWADA
PONDA

NARENDRA
SIRSI

KAIGA

EAST ENTERS THE RING AND EXITS TO POWER

KRISHNAPATNAM

STARVED REGIONS

CHITTOOR
MYSORE

BANGALORE

KOZHIKODE
COCHIN
KAYAMKULAM
TRIVANDRUM

HOSUR

SOUTH CHENNAI

SINGARPET
PUGALUR
CUDDALORE

LEGEND
X PLAN
EXISTING/
IX PLAN

SALEM
KARAIKUDI
KAYATHAR
KUDANKULAM

765 KV LINES
400 KV LINES
HVDC B/B
HVDC BIPOLE

765 KV LINES IN X PLAN. TO BE CHARGED AT 400KV INITIALLY


TO BE CHARGED AT 765 KV UNDER NATIONAL GRID

11/30/16

NATIONAL
GRID

XI PLAN

Coal to Electricity Basics

11/30/16

11/30/16

Feedwater
Feedwater used in a steam boiler to transfer heat energy from the fuel burning area
to mech. Energy of spinning steam turbine

Boiler
Rectangular furnace, pulverized coal is blown in from fuel nozzles at 4 corners. The
coal then burns quickly and forms a fireball at the center .

Steam Turbine Generator


Is a series of steam turbines interconnected to each other and then a
generator

Steam Condenser
Steam enters from the turbine generator and is pumped into the bottom of
the condenser, where pumps recycle the condensed steam from the
feedwater

Stack
Releases process emissions.

11/30/16

Coal thermal power plant


Efficiency
Larger power plants are more efficient
38% of the chemical energy is converted to energy

Safe
safest fossil fuel to transport, store and use
scrubbers

11/30/16

Coal thermal power plant


challenges
a.Fuel Security Concerns:
generation costs.
b.Financial Health of State
Discoms
c.Under-procurement of Power by
States
d.Inimical Financing Environment
e.Renewable energy/Policy issues

11/30/16

11/30/16

11/30/16

11/30/16

11/30/16

11/30/16

11/30/16

Animation Videos for Coal to


Electricity

11/30/16

11/30/16

11/30/16

FUNDAMENTAL REQUIREMENTS OF PULVERISER


PLANT

11/30/16

11/30/16

BOWL MILL-XRP803
Discharge Valve
Assembly

Pulverizing
Chamber
Grinding Roll
Scraper
Housing
Mill Drive Unit
11/30/16

Working of Mills

Coal discharge
Coal from bunker
Classification
Hot Air Damper
Hot
Air
of desired
Gate
fineness Coal
Classifying
Hot Air
Duct

Dropping of
undesired
coarse Coal

Discharge
System
Grinding
Chamber

System
Scraper
Housing

Grinding
Rolls

Cold Air

Pulverized Coal
Air flowDoor
Inspection
11/30/16

Gear
Housing

Coal
Mill

11/30/16

11/30/16

11/30/16

SCRAPER GUARD ASSLY

11/30/16

11/30/16

11/30/16

11/30/16

Thank you!

11/30/16