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BATA BATA KAY AGA

MONG TUMANDA?!!?

A look at
in
the Philippines

Child labor refers to the illegal employment of

children below 18 years old in hazardous


occupations.
ILO defines child labor as, damage to
childrens health, hamper their education and
lead to further exploitation and abuse.

ILO also defines the worst child labour which

includes using children in armed forces (i.e. in


Africa), sexual exploitation like prostitution
and pornography, illegal activities like
trafficking of drugs etc.
The State, through the Department of Labour
and Employment, defines "child labour" as
"the illegal employment of children below the
age of fifteen (15).

The term "child" recently acquired a new

meaning upon the enactment of R.A. 7610 in


1992, otherwise known as the Child Protection
Law.
The new law, which devotes an entire chapter
on working children, expanded the definition
of children to mean "persons below eighteen
(18) years of age or those over but are unable
to fully take care of themselves or protect
themselves from abuse, neglect, cruelty,
exploitation or discrimination because of a
physical or mental disability or condition.c

About 2.06 million children all around the

Philippines are compelled to do labor, such as


in crop plantations, mining caves, rock
quarries and factories.
Every child has the right to the most basic of
necessities in life like a healthy environment,
formal education, and most importantly, a
loving family to come home.

THE REASONS WHY


CHILDREN WORK
Child labour is rooted in poverty and the lack

of economic opportunities
Children with unemployed parents or whose
parents do not have social security must work
to help in their family's struggle for survival.

Failures in the education

system
Philippine culture especially in
rural areas

Another major factor in the

increase in the number of


working children is the demand
for child workers.
Natural calamity like Tsunami,
cyclone, flood etc. Also drag
children towards child labour.

CHILD LABOR

Child Labor/Abuse Facts

Child Labor Is increasing Around TheWorld

Child Labor Is increasing


Around The World
Rank

Country

Rating

Myanmar

Extreme

North Korea

Extreme

Somalia

Extreme

4
5

Sudan
DR Congo

Extreme
Extreme

Zimbabwe

Extreme

Afghanistan

Extreme

Burundi

Extreme

Pakistan

Extreme

10

Ethiopia

Extreme

CHILD LABOR SITUATION


IN THE PHILIPPINES

Conditions

Effects
Economy

CHILD LABOR SITUATION


IN THE PHILIPPINES

THE LEGAL
PROTECTION OF
CHILD WORKERS

HISTORICAL EVOULITON OF
CHILD LABOR IN THE
PHILIPPINES

ACT NO. 3071


"An Act to Regulate the
Employment of Women and
Children in Shops, Factories,
Industrial, Agricultural and
Mercantile Establishments, and
Other Place of Labour in the
Philippine Islands, to Provide
Penalties for Violations Hereof and
for Other Purposes"

Revised Penal Code


(Art. 273)
"Exploitation of Child Labour"
(Art. 278).
"Exploitation of Minors"
R.A. 679
"An Act to Regulate the Employment of
Women and Children, to Provide
Penalties for Violation Hereof, and for
Other Purposes".

ILO Convention Nos. 59,


77 & 90
ILO Convention No. 59
ILO Convention No. 77
ILO Convention No. 90

P.D. 148
P.D. 442 - Labour Code

P.D. 603 - Child and Youth


Welfare Code
U.N. Convention on the
Rights of the Child
R.A. 7610 - The Child
Protection Law

R.A. 7658
"An Act Prohibiting the
Employment of Children Below
15 Years of Age in Public and
Private Undertakings"

STRATEGIES IN ADDRESSING
THE CHILD LABOR PROBLEM

"There is one dream that all Filipinos

share: that our children may have a


better life than we have had . . . there is
one vision that is distinctly Filipino: the
vision to make this country, our country, a
nation for our children."
Jose W. Diokno

THE END