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E-Governance: Its Present and Future

Development in Bangladesh
Prepared By:
Farhan Israq Ahmed
162 1484 651
Dev 566
Prepared for:
Professor S.M. Nurul
Alam

Political Accountability
Structure of Government
Political competition, credible
Independent and effective
political parties
judiciary
Transparency in financing
Legislative Oversight
Disclosure of parliamentary vote
Independent Prosecution
Asset Declaration, conflict of
International dimensions:
interest Competitive
rules
Private
Restrains on foreign investors,
Sector
trading partners, donors
Economic incentive
Civil Society Voice &
framework
Participation
Reconstructing of
Freedom of information
Good
monopolies
Public Hearing on draft
Governan
Regulatory
laws
ce
simplification for entry
Role of Media and
Transparency in
NGOs
corporate governance
Governance Monitoring
Collective business
Public Sector Management
associations
Meritocratic Civil service with monetized,
adequate pay
Budget Management
Decentralization with accountability
Frontline Service Delivery (health, education
infrastructure)
Tax and customs

E-Governance
E-governance defined as the use of emerging information
and communication technologies to facilitate the processes
of government and public administration (Drucker, 2001)
while
E-government defined as the use of information technology
to support government operations, engage citizens, and
provide government services (West and Wind, 1996).

The term e-Governance is mainly concerned with


governance rather than the electronic mode of
providing it.

What E-Governance is not

Changing govt. process


Computerization of govt. offices
Type documents using computers
Put govt. security and confidentiality
at risk

E-Governance

Intangible status
Strategic issue that relates to redesigning the

national administrative process


E-governance enables citizens to access
government services and information through
the use of internet or mobile phones (ICT).

Examples of E-Governance Activities

Notification of a meeting time


Accessing documents
Accessing needed data
Tracking progress
Disseminating policies and strategies

Basic Requirements for E-Governance


Components
High and affordable Information and
Internet infrastructure within Government
Ministries, private sector and citizens
Extensive
ICT
Human
Capacity
development in Government, Private
sectors and citizens
Legal Framework that recognizes and
supports digital communication

E Governance Model

Government- to-Citizen
G2C is transaction between government and

citizens.
Examples of G2C are payment of utility bills.
The primary goal of G2C e-Governance is to offer a
variety of ICT services to citizens.
Examples are exam results, E-Tin, Driving license
result etc.
http://www.brta.gov.bd/index.php
Situation of G2C in the world:
USA, UK, European Countries
Asian Countries: Singapore; Taiwan; South Korea

Government-to-Business
Involves interaction of the business establishments with the

government.
Corporate tax paying system http://www.nbr.gov.bd/# or Joint
Stock Companies and Firms can visit http://www.roc.gov.bd
The main Goal of G2B is to increase productivity
Key Points of Government to business
1. Reduce the burden
2. Key lines of business

Government-to-Government

It involves interaction among government


officials

The example of G2G may be a request of

allocation of budget by any department of the


government

The vital aim of G2G is to improve intergovernment organizational processes

SOME IMPORTANT E-GOVERNANCE


SERVICE PROVIDING ORGANIZATIONS
IN BANGLADESH
Bangladesh Planning commission http://www.plancomm.gov.bd
Department of Immigration & Passport http://www.dip.gov.bd
Support to Digital Bangladesh Project

http://www.a2i.pmo.gov.bd
National Web portal of Bangladesh
http://www.bangladesh.gov.bd
Bangladesh Bank www.bangladesh-bank.org
Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information and Statistics
(BANBEIS) http://www.banbeis.gov.bd

Major Challenges

Internet connectivity slow internet


Weak or No Internal Network
Weak IT Policy Security Issues, Central Database for citizens
Lack of Awareness of government officials
Low Level of IT literacy - Status Symbol rather than actual
usage.
Automation of government agencies Not achieving the full
benefits for technology

Major Challenges continued


Lack of IT Training
Non-acceptability of IT systems
High-cost, Lower Liability of Internet Access
Lack of IT Funds
Conflict with culture
Lack of Education
Lack of Attention in Complain Centre
Lack of Information

Social Network

A social network is a social structure made up of a

set of social actor (individuals or organizations) and a


set of dyadic ties between these actor.

Facebook, Google+, Twitter and so on.

Examples

Existing System

government

citizen

Egovernance
services

A Better System

governme
nt

citizen

Egovernanc
e

E-Governance and Globalization


Free Trade, Competition in market, connectivity
How e-governance is helping to achieve these goal.

Reduction of Trade barrier


Out sourcing
E-tender
Online Trading Digital Goods
Producer has more potential buyers
Access to information

OWN VIEW
People are not familiar with the electronic
services.
Remote areas are not reach high
technologically developed.
Lack of electricity supply, load seeding is
very much high.
Corruption in administrative body.
Budget is insufficient at e-service level.

References
Md. Anwarul Kabir, e-governance discourse: reality in bangladesh, published on
february 13, 2007
Sasm Taifur , PROBLEMS OF E-GOVERNANCE IN BANGLADESH and possible steps
towards solutions, http://goliath.ecnext.com / coms2 /gi_0199683885/introducing-e-government-in-bangladesh.html
Internet World Stats, http://www.internetworldstats.com/asia/bd.htm
K.A.M. Morshed, E-Governance: Bangladesh Perspective,
http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/AP
CITY/UNPAN026253.pdf

Thank You
Any
Questions?