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WHAT IS VIBRATION ?
Vibrationis

a mechanical
phenomenon wherebyoscillations
occur about anequilibrium point.
The word comes from
Latinvibrationem("shaking,
brandishing"). The oscillations may
beperiodic, such as the motion of
a pendulumorrandom, such as
the movement of a tire on a gravel
road.

HOW SOUND IS PRODUCED BY VIBRATION ?

Sound is a form of energy and it


comes from vibrations. These
vibrations create sound waves
which move through mediums
such as air and water before
reaching our ears, but they
cannot travel through vacuum
because there are no particles
present to vibrate.

ACTIVITY
Materials required:
An electric bell, a big glass jar, vacuum pump
Procedure:
1. Hang an electric bell inside a jar connected to
a vacuum pump
2. Arrange the electric bell, a glass bell jar, a
vacuum pump , a battery and a switch as shown
in the diagram
3. When pressing the switch closes the circuit,
we can hear the bell ringing, also that the
hammer is striking the gong of the bell

. 4.

Now remove the air present inside the jar


with the help of vacuum pump
5. As the air is taken out, the loudness of the
sound gradually decreases and a stage comes
when no sound is heard although we can see
the hammer striking the gong of the bell. This
will happen when the air is completely removed
from the jar
Conclusion:
The experiment proves that the sound cannot
travel through vacuum because a medium is
necessary for sound to travel.

IMAGE OF BELL JAR EXPERIMENT

VIBRATION OF AN OBJECT IS A
NECESSARY EVIL
. Thus vibration of a particle is the necessary
condition to produce sound.
A rapid back and forth motion of a particle
about its mean position is known as
vibration.
When we speak, our vocal cord is under
vibration.
When a bell is struck, the bell is under
vibration.
Similarly, when a guitar is played, its strings
are disturbed and they produce vibrations in
the instrument

. A sound's volume, how loud or soft it is,


depends on the sound wave
. The more energy put into making a sound or
a sound wave, the louder the volume will be.
. The farther a sound wave travels, the more
it spreads, this makes it more difficult for us
to hear a sound.
. So the nearer you are to a sound the louder
it sounds to us
. A sound wave enters the ear and is changed
into nerve signals, which are interpreted by
the brain.
In some objects we can see vibration easily
but most of time we cant see because their
amplitude is very less .

SOME OF THE MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS


AND THEIR VIBRATING PARTS
Musical instruments

Vibrating parts

Flute

Air column

Tabla

Stretched membrane

veena

Stretched string

Sitar

Stretched string

Guitar

Stretched string

Drums

Stretched membrane

IMAGES OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

Done By
Suneela .G
Rajeshwari .G
Viii B