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Desain Dr Pelton Turbine Lengkap

turbin

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turbines

turbine

Energy conversion in a

Pelton turbine

Outlet

Outlet of

the runner

Inlet of

Outlet of

the runner the needle

Inlet of

the needle

c2

2

Pelton runner

Absolute velocity from nozzle:

c1 2 g H n

c1

c1

1

2 g Hn

Circumferential speed:

c1u 1

u1

2 g Hn

2 2

u1 0.5

h 2(u1 c1u u 2 c 2 u )

c1u 1

cu 2 0

We will therefore set the hydraulic efficiency to:

h 0.96

The absolute velocity from the nozzle will be:

C1u can be set to 1,0 when dimensioning the turbine.

This gives us:

h 2(u1 c1u u 2 c 2 u )

n

0,96

u1

0,48

2 c1u 2 1,0

d

Q z

c1u

4

2

s

4Q

ds

z c1u

Where:

Z

Q

C1u

=

=

=

number of nozzles

flow rate

2 g Hn

and number of nozzles

B

3.1 3.4

ds

Rules of thumb:

B = 3,1 ds

B = 3,2 ds

B = 3,3 ds

B > 3,3 ds

1 nozzle

2 nozzles

4-5 nozzles

6 nozzles

Number of buckets

z 17

empirical

Number of buckets

Runner diameter

Rules of thumb:

D = 10 ds

D = 15 ds

D < 9,5 ds

D > 15 ds

Hn < 500 m

Hn = 1300 m

will be lost

is for very high head Pelton

Speed number

Qz

d s2

d s2

Q

c1u

4

4

c1u 1,0

u1 0,5

2 g Hn

2 u1

1

2 g Hn D 2 g Hn D 2 g Hn D

1 d s2 z

Q z

D

4

ds

z

4

and one nozzle:

ds

D = 10 ds

z=1

z 1 1

0,09

4

10 4

turbine with one nozzle is = 0,09

and six nozzle:

ds

D = 10 ds

z=6

z 1 6

0,22

4

10 4

turbine today is = 0,22

Dimensioning of a

Pelton turbine

1.

*H = 1130 m

*Q = 28,5 m3/s

*P = 288 MW

2.

c1u = 1

u1 = 0,48

3.

u1 = 71 m/s

z=5

4.

ds

4Q

0,22 m

z c1u

5.

B = 3,3 ds= 0,73 m

6.

D

0,005 H n 8 13,65

ds

D 13,65 d s 3,0 m

D/ds

15

10

400

1400

Hn [m]

7.

u1

D 2 n D

2

60

2

u 60

n 1

452 rpm

D

8.

The speed of the runner is given by the generator and

the net frequency:

n

3000

[rpm]

Zp

The number of poles will be:

Zp

3000

6,64 7

n

9.

n

10.

3000

428,6 [rpm]

Zp

u1

11.

D 2 n D

2

60

2

z = 22

u1 60

3,16 m

n

12.

K

9

8

1

13.

at the outlet (for vertical turbines)

Given values:

Chosen values:

Calculated values:

*Q = 28,5 m3/s

*H = 1130 m

c1u = 1

u1 = 0,48

z=5

B = 0,73 m

z = 22

Zp = 7

ds = 0,22 m

n = 428,6 rpm

D = 3, 16 m

Height = 3,1 m

Dhousing= 9,4 m

*P = 288 MW

*Q = 28,5 m3/s

*H = 1130 m

*P = 288 MW

GE Hydro

*Q = 28,5 m3/s

*H = 1130 m

*P = 288 MW

GE Hydro

Example

Khimti Power Plant

1. The flow rate and head are given

*H = 660 m

*Q = 2,15 m3/s

*P = 12 MW

c1u = 1

u1 = 0,48

u1 = 54,6 m/s

z=1

Example

Khimti Power Plant

4. Calculate ds from continuity for one

nozzle

ds

4Q

0,15 m

z c1u

B = 3,2 ds= 0, 5 m

D

0,005 H n 8 11,3

ds

D 11,3 d s 1,7 m

D/ds

15

10

400

1400

Hn [m]

D 2 n D

u1

2

60

2

u1 60

613 rpm

D

generator:

The speed of the runner is given by

the generator and the net frequency:

3000

n

[rpm]

Zp

generator

The number of poles will be:

3000

Zp

4,9 5

n

3000

n

600 [rpm]

Zp

10. Recalculate the diameter:

u1

D 2 n D

2

60

2

u1 60

1,74 m

n

z = 22

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