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Writing Paragraph

CAPT Ro’is Nahrudin


roisnahrudin@yahoo.com
Why Paragraph
• Essay started from paragraph
• Continuous
• Logical
What is a paragraph?
• A group of sentences that develops
one topic or idea
What makes a
paragraph?
• Topic sentence
• Supporting sentence
• Concluding sentence
What is topic sentence?
• Main idea
• One sentence
• Can be at the beginning, middle, end
of a paragraph
• The starting and the continuing idea
What is supporting
sentence?
• Support the topic sentence
• Expand the main idea
• Develop the main idea
• Giving evidence
• Describe the main idea
• Giving argument to the main idea
What is concluding
sentence?
• Finalize the paragraph
• Summarize the paragraph contents
• Future reference
What to do?
 Finding a topic
 Brainstorming - Selecting
 Outlining
 Drafting
 Writing
 Proofreading
 Correcting
 Finalizing
 Submitting
Finding a topic
 Given
 Reading
 Listening
 Discussing
 Etc
Brainstorming -
Selecting
 Spontaneous thoughts
 (if necessary) write down
nature beauty
The people

Natural resources Favorite foods


My hometown

Tourism objects Local cultures

Local highlights
Outlining
 Topic sentence
- “Apple Malang” is well known as one of the highlight of fruits from
Malang.

 Supporting sentence
- The name “apple Malang” is taken from its original site where the
apple is grown and cultivated; Malang East Java.
- Malang is located in East Java around 200 kilometers from capital
city Surabaya.
- Naturally the apple colored with green to whitish and tastes sweet
yet a bit sour, a very perfect balance for those who love to take
diet.
- Another reason “apple malang” is famous because of its low price.
- In fact, this local fruit has been exported to various countries such
as Japan, the US and the UEA.
- According to one of the reports, the exporting record reaches to
10,000 tons in 2007.
- “Apple Malang” has proven to be local but internationally famous
fruit
Outlining
 Concluding sentence
- In short, “apple Malang” is widely consumed by not only
local people but also almost everyone around the globe.
- I hope other products from Malang can be as bright as
“apple Malang” in the near future
Drafting
> can take more than once; draft 1, draft 2,
etc.
> time to check logic, cohesive devices,
grammar, etc.
Example:
“Apple Malang” is well known as the highlight of fruits from
Malang.The name “apple Malang” is taken from the original site
where the apple is grown and cultivated; Malang. Malang is
located in East Java around 200 kilometers from capital city
Surabaya. Naturally the apple colored with green to whitish and
tastes sweet yet bit sour as a very perfect balance for those who
love to take diet.Another reason “apple malang” is famous
because of its low price.In fact, this local fruit has been exported
to various countries such as Japan, the US and the UEA.According
to the one of the reports, the export record reaches to 10,000
tons in 2007.“Apple Malang” has proven to be local fruit but
internationally famous. In short, “apple Malang” is widely
consumed by not only local people but also almost everyone
around the globe. I hope other products from Malang can be as
Writing
• When you happy with the draft
• Focused on the task
• Follow the instructions
• Do not change your mind
• Pay attention to the spelling,
capitalization, punctuation.
Proofreading
• Neutralize your mind
• Read your work thoroughly
• This is a final check
• (if necessary – NOT for test) ask your
colleagues/teachers to proofread
• DO NOT take the advise/suggestion
100%
• Take the most essential advise;
grammar, word choice (syntactical
Correcting
• Re-write your work ONLY if YOU
HAVE TO
• DO NOT CHANGE the topic UNLESS
your work is RUBBISH
• Make sure you are happy with your
work
Finalizing
• This is the end of your hard and
smart work
• Check the administration of your
tasks
• Make sure you do not miss a thing.
Submitting
• Submit your work elegantly
• Be on time!
• Say “thank you” or “good bye” to
anyone in charge of the tasks.
• Pray mate!
Questions?
(only if you have to)
Thank you for listening and not
snoring
and most importantly ………………

NOT throwing things at me