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Applied Mechanics Department

L.D.College of Engineering

A
Presentation
on
Dissertation Topic
PREPARED BY : MIRAJ J. SARADHARA
(EN NO. 150280720024)
M.E.CASAD

Soil Structure Interaction of Framed


Structure Supported on Different
Types of Foundation

THE SOIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION IS A SPECIAL FIELD OF ANALYSIS IN


EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING.

THIS SOIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION IS DEFINED AS THE DYNAMIC


INTERRELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE RESPONSE OF THE STRUCTURE IS
INFLUENCED BY THE MOTION OF THE SOIL AND THE SOIL RESPONSE IS
INFLUENCED BY THE MOTION OF STRUCTURE IS CALLED A SOIL
STRUCTURE INTERACTION.

In the analysis of framed structure the base is considered to be fixed


neglecting the effect of soil and foundation flexibility.

Flexibility of the soil causes the decrease in stiffness resulting increase in


the natural period of the structure.

Such increase in the natural periods, changes the seismic response of


structure hence it may be an important issue for design considerations.

Effect of soil structure interaction on regular and irregular building with


different types of foundation i.e. isolated, mat and pile foundation with
different soil condition i.e. hard, medium and soft strata and change in
natural period are studied.

Scope of thesis

To determine the influence of soil on natural period of building

To determine the variation in base shear for fixed base and flexible base
building

To determine whether analysis and design of multi storey building


considering SSI affect economy or not

To have an idea about response of structure with flexible base

To determine the foundation stiffness with different types of foundation

To predict the response of regular and irregular building considering SSI

Effect Of Piled Raft Design On HighRise Building Considering SSI

Piled-raft foundations for important high-rise buildings have proved to be a valuable


alternative to conventional pile foundations or mat foundations.

The concept of using piled raft foundation is that the combined foundation is able to
support the applied axial loading with an appropriate factor of safety and that the
settlement of the combined foundation at working load is tolerable.

Pile raft foundation behavior is evaluated with many researches and the effect of pile
length; pile distance, pile arrangement and cap thickness are determined under
vertical or horizontal static and dynamic loading.

In the present paper the influence of pile length configurations on behavior of multistoried are evaluated under vertical loading.

In practice, the foundation loads from structural analysis are obtained without
allowance for soil settlements and the foundation settlements are estimated
assuming a perfectly flexible structure.

However, the stiffness of the structure can restrain the displacements of the
foundations and even tiny differential settlements of the foundations will also alter
forces of the structural members.

Hence, the interaction among structures, their foundations and the soil medium
below the foundations alter the actual behaviour of the structure considerably than
what is obtained from the consideration of the structure alone.

Software used : ANSYS . The soil structure interaction has been found to be
significantly affecting the performance of structure and it is discussed in this paper.

Importance of SSI

According to the advanced numerical analysis, the interaction between a raft, soil
and the structure is considered.

The response of any system comprising more than one component is always
interdependent. For instance, a beam supported by three columns with isolated
footing may be considered .

Due to the higher concentration of the load over the central support, soil below it
tends to settle more.

On the other hand, the framing action induced by the beam will cause a load transfer
to the end column as soon as the central column tends to settle more. Hence, the
force quantities and the settlement at the finally adjusted condition can only be
obtained through interactive analysis of the soilstructurefoundation system.

This explains the importance of considering soilstructure interaction.

SCOPE OF THESIS

To determine whether optimum pile configuration is soil dependent or


not

Effect of soil type on max. settlement

Variation of bending moment and base shear with diff. soil condition
and layered soil

Effect of pile dia., pile configuration and pile length on moment carrying
capacity of foundation

To determine whether piled raft foundation has a potential to peovide


economical design or not

AFFECT OF SOIL - FOUNDATION - STRUCTURE


INTERACTION ON SEISMIC BEHAVIOUR OF
PILE SUPPORTED FRAME BUILDINGS

The main objective is to contribute to the understanding of the


seismic performance of superstructure considering the complex
dynamic interaction between superstructure, the pile foundation
and the soil.

As the dynamic response of the structure and the pile to large


extent is inelastic, the primary focus is on studying the
behaviour of superstructure by modeling the nonlinearities of
soil, modeling the interface between pile and soil.

After 1994 Niigata earthquake (M 7.5), it was evident that damage to the
structure not only depends on the behavior of super structure but also on the
sub-soil below it.

The behavior of soil becomes much complex and several factors needs to be
considered.

SSI : 1)kinematic interaction &


2)dynamic or inertial interaction.

Dynamic analysis of soil-structure interaction can be done using


a. Direct Method
b. Substructure Method

Scope of thesis

1. To develop a numerical model has been developed to understand


the dynamic behaviour of pile supported frame structure using Direct
Approach.

2. Behaviour of frame building by modeling the nonlinearity of soil.

3. Behaviour of frame building by modeling the interface between pile


and soil.

4. Behaviour of group of pile supported structure and the responses


are compared with conventional fixed base analysis.