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The Educational

Institution

How did it emerge?
• Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Emma Hart
Willard, and Horace Mann supported public education as
a way for individuals to receive practical knowledge and
perhaps skills that enable a person to become a
member of society.
• They also pushed for public education so that not just
the rich were educated

“Separate, but equal”
• Plessy v. Ferguson 1986 Supreme Court decision that
upheld racial segregation in schools went directly
against the purpose of public education

Brown v. Board of
Education
• This Supreme Court case found that state laws that had
segregated schools were unconstitutional
• Segregated schools were also found to be funded
unequally and thus its students educated unequally

Public Education Today
• Modern education has opened up to all races, sex,
gender, and ethnicities.
• However it also enforces the beliefs, values and social
norms that excuse other inequalities.
• Since the beliefs, values and social norms are from
societys dominant culture, it often excludes aspects of
society that aren’t particularly recognized by the
dominant society
• This includes traditional gender roles, gender
acceptance, other religious beliefs, and students with
disablilies

Conflict Analysis
• Historically, cases such as Brown v. Board of Education
and Plessy v. Ferguson show how the educational
institution kept the wealthy and those with a certain
status in power

Conflict Analysis
• Public schools are 57 percent funded by the state in
which it resides, 29 percent by property taxes and other
local sources, and in 14 percent by the federal
government
• This means that those who go to public school in areas
with people with higher income are able to access a
different level of education than those that are less
funded

Conflict Analysis
• The positive that may come from a conflict perspective is a
bill passed in June 2015 in Nevada
• This law allows parent to directly access to their child's
education funds
• The funds can be used in the parents choosing of public,
private, homeschool and online education for their child
• A restricted use education fund will be allow parents access
to 90 percent of state funds for their child
• Low income families and those with special need will be able
to access 100 percent of their child's state allocated funds

Functional Analysis
• A person with a functionalist perspective would see
public education as a positive, especially in allowing
social order to continue working properly.
• Public education will allow many to learn basic life skills
that will allow them to efficiently join the work force
after their schooling, and maintain the prescribed social
order
• Schools also maintain a merit based system that values
achieved statuses/universalistic values

Functional Analysis
• Functionalists can be supported by statistics
• For example, the median annual earnings of a person
with some high school education would earn $24,000
• Those with a GED or who graduated high school would
earn $31,000
• Those with an associates degree would earn $37,000
To a functionalist this would mean that since everyone is
given equal opportunities to learn in high school,
therefore those who do not a achieve as much as others
is a failure because they did not work as hard to achieve
as much as others

Works cited
Darden, Edwin C. "The Law and Its Influence on Public School Districts: An
Overview." The Law and Its Influence on Public School Districts: An Overview.
Center for for Public Education, n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2016.
Woodruff, Judy. "How Do We Fund Our Schools." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 05 Dec.
2016.
Schultzke, Eric. "Aggressive New Nevada Law Puts Private Schools in Reach of
All."DeseretNews.com. Deseret News Utah, 16 June 2015. Web. 05 Dec. 2016.
Weston, Margaret. "Financing California's Public Schools." Financing California's
Public
Schools (PPIC Publication). Public Policy Institute of California, n.d. Web.
05 Dec. 2016.

Witt, Jon. "Education and Religion." Soc. New York: Mcgraw-Hill, 2014.
181-86. Print.