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TYPE OF WIRING

DEVICES

ACCORDING TO THE NATIONAL


ELECTRICAL CODE (NEC),
Device

- is a unit of an electrical system that is


intended to carry, not to utilize electric
energy.

- includes: Switches, Relays, Contactors,


Receptacles, Conductors

GUIDE TO SELECT WIRING DEVICES


1. Select one recognized industry manufacturer.
2. Look for a project with a multi-year warranty.
3. Make sure that there is an easy and clear way to
contact the manufacturers support.

4. Check for a connected equipment damage


warranty.

GUIDE TO SELECT WIRING DEVICES


5. Always ask for manufacturers manual.
6. Select wiring devices which are well-made and
durable.

7. Select materials that are easy to use and install.


8. Select wiring devices according to the job
requirements.

GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT


INTERRUPTER
(GFCI)
is a modestly priced electrical device

commonly installed in residential


electrical circuits.

is designed to guard people and pets from


severe or even fatal, electrical shock.

detects ground faults and interrupts the


flow of electric current.

Used for Outdoor receptacles including


those in kitchens, bathrooms, and places
near the water

GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT


INTERRUPTER (GFCI)

Example Scenario:
A hair dryer that is accidentally knocked off a bathroom
counter and into a bathtub filled with water. The GFCI will
stop the flow of electricity within milliseconds when the hair
dryer hits the surface of the water. If someone was in the
bath tub, a painful shock may still be felt but the GFCI will
prevent their electrocution or serious injury.

HOW DOES A GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT


INTERRUPTER WORK?
The GFCI continually measures electricity flowing within a
circuit to detect any loss of current. If the current passing
through the circuit fluctuates even in a small amount from
the current that is returning (to complete the circuit), the
GFCI instantaneously switches the power off to the affected
circuit. The GFCI interrupts power within milliseconds to
prevent a lethal dose of electricity.

A CLASSIC EXAMPLE OF THE GFCI AT


WORK
Your toaster is old and has a loose bare wire inside it touching the
outer metal housing. If the toaster is plugged in, the housing is
charged with electricity. You are cleaning the kitchen and moving
counter-top items around. When you touch the toaster housing with
one hand while the other hand is touching a grounded metal object,
like a kitchen faucet, you will receive a life threatening shock. If the
toaster is plugged into a GFCI protected outlet, the power will be
turned off before a fatal shock is delivered through your body.

TYPES OF GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT


INTERRUPTERS

Receptacle GFCI
Temporary/Port
able GFCI

Circuit Breaker
GFCI

RECEPTACLE GFCI
- This GFCI is used in place of a regular wall outlet
or duplex receptacle. This GFCI is normally found
throughout the house in places such as bathrooms,
kitchens, garages, outdoor areas and other
locations where damp conditions may exist.

The receptacle GFCI fits into the standard outlet


box and protects you against ground faults when
an electrical product is connected to the GFCI
protected outlet. Modern homes use receptacletype GFCl that will protect other electrical outlets
connected on the branch circuit.

TEMPORARY/PORTABLE GFCI.
- When a permanent GFCI is not practical,
temporary GFCI is used. Temporary GFCI contains
the GFCI circuitry in an enclosure with plug prongs
at the back and receptacle plugs in front. It can be
plugged into an unprotected outlet, and then the
electrical appliance/device is plugged into the
temporary GFCI. Portable GFCI is simply an
extension cord combined with a GFCI. It adds
flexibility in using receptacles that are not
protected by GFCl. Extension cords with GFCI
protection incorporated are great for use when
permanent or portable GFCI protection is
unavailable

CIRCUIT BREAKER GFCI


Residences equipped with circuit breakers must have circuit breaker
GFCI protection installed in the panel box to give protection for
specific circuits. The circuit breaker GFCI serves two functions: a.)
the circuit breaker GFCI will shut off power to the circuit in the
instance of a ground fault; and b.) the GFCI protected circuit breaker
will turn power off if a short circuit or overload is detected.

TASK:
Game
Meet The Group
Task

INSTRUCTION

Read each statement carefully and


identify the item/s being asked. Write
your answer on a separate sheet of
paper.

1. This is the type of GFCI that will shut


off power to the circuit in case of a
ground fault and will turn the power off if
a short circuit or overload is detected.

2.This GFCI is used in place of a regular wall


outlet or duplex receptacle. It is normally
found throughout the house in places like
bathrooms, kitchens, garages, outdoor areas
and other locations where damp conditions do
or could exist.

3.This GFCI contains the GFCI


circuitry in an enclosure with plug
prongs at the back and receptacle
plugs in front.

4.-10. Write down the


proper way of selecting
wiring devices

11. Meaning of NEC


12. It is a unit of electricity intended to
carry electrical energyu instead of
consuming it.

13. Meaning of GFCI


14-15. According to our lesson, give 2
examples of device

ANSWER

ANSWER:

1.Circuit Breaker GFCI

2. Receptacle GFCI

3. Temporary/ Portable GFCI

4. -10.

Select one recognized industry manufacturer.


Look for a project with a multi-year warranty.
Make sure that there is an easy and clear way to contact the manufacturers support.
Check for a connected equipment damage warranty.
Always ask for manufacturers manual.
Select wiring devices which are well-made and durable.
Select materials that are easy to use and install.
Select wiring devices according to the job requirements.
11. National Electrical Code
12. Device
13. Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter
14-15. Switches, Relays, Contactors, Receptacles, Conductors