Group Members: Tariq Yousaf Sana Munir Midhat Batool Atif Talal Irfan Zafar Husnain Raza Zaidi Bilal Zafar

Presented To: Ms. Taseer

COMSATS Institute of Information & Technology, Islamabad


140 million peoples. Generally hot and dry climate Pak spreads over a land mark of 796095sq km Federation of 4 provinces: Punjab, Sindh, NWFP & Balochistan.

The Indus is the chief river of Pakistan The rivers of Pakistan are Ravi, Sutlej, Jehlum, Sindh and Chenab. According to Indus Water Treaty, 3 rivers are used for irrigation purpose that are River Jehlum, Indus & Chenab.

Pakistan may be divided into four geographic regions
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Plateau of West Pakistan Plains of the Indus Punjab rivers, Hills of NW Pakistan & the mountains of North Pakistan.


Top seven fastest growing economies of Asia. Annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has grown at a rate exceeding six per cent per year. Agriculture share in the GDP has declined over time to 24%.

The growth of the manufacturing sector has averaged more than 8% over the last 40 years. GDP - real growth rate: 6.1% (2004 est.) GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,200 (2004 est.) GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 22.6% industry: 24.1% services: 53.3% (2004 est.) Unemployment rate: 8.3% plus substantial underemployment (2004 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.8% (FY03/04 est.) Investment (gross fixed): 16.4% of GDP (FY03/04 est.) Budget: revenues: $13.45 billion expenditures: $16.51 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2004 est.) Agriculture - products: cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, eggs Industries Textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products,

Environmental Profile
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area of approximately 88 million hectares population of about 140 million The forest covers only 4.57 million hectares or 5.2 percent of the land area of the country, Pakistan has the largest irrigation system

More than 55 percent of land in Pakistan has either been or is likely to be affected by desertification. Soil erosion has affected 1.2 million hectares of land. Pakistan has a 990 km long coastline.

Environmental awareness in Pakistan is of recent origin started in early 1970s. National Conservation Strategy Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency in all provinces have been established.


Pakistan generates over 50,000 tons of solid waste per day; out of which only 20 to 25% is collected but not disposed off in the proper manner

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3 percent of the industry treats their wastes Dumping of industrial wastes have caused contamination of surface and ground water resources and threatened the aquatic life 47 percent of the population is still without access to safe drinking water, 84 percent of rural population is without sanitation facilities. Water borne diseases account for 20 to 30% of infant deaths in the country.


Forests occupy only 5 percent of the total land area of Pakistan and are being depleted increasingly. Pakistan is facing one of the highest rate of deforestation in the world. One third of the forest is productive and the remaining two-third is maintained for environmental stability.

A major reason for Pakistan’s poor ranking is annual population growth of 3%

There are 19.7 million household in Pakistan accommodating total population of 131.5 million.

The household size marginally declined from 6.7 persons to 6.6 which is over crowded by International Standards.


About 35 percent of total urban population lives in the “Katchi Abadis” and slums. Most of the rural houses are Katcha or Non cemented.


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The total length of roads is 181,836km Motor way which started in 1998 is now picking up the pace. Pakistan railways network consists of 8,774 route km.

The network of Pakistan International Airlines covers 55 international stations in four continents and 37 domestic stations covering almost all parts of the country. The country has two major sea ports namely Karachi Sea Port and Port Qasim.


Pakistan is now connected with most of the countries of the world through international gateway exchange. Services such as the internet, E-mail, cellular mobile telephone, optical fibre system, card pay phone, paging services etc. are now available in the country.

Despite the fact, that agriculture is the mainstay of economy in Pakistan, the Agriculture share in the GDP has declined over time to 24%. This is because of two reasons, The GDP composition is increasing in Industrial Sector  The restrictions made by WTO on Agricultural Sector.

Government of Pakistan should encourage the agricultural sector as it is the major resource of the country. Also, the industrial sector should be enhanced as well so that Pakistan would become self sufficient in Industrial products. Secondly, in an order to control the environmental profile of the country, a number of environment related laws such as wildlife protection, pesticide control, motor vehicles emission’s regulation and control of industrial pollution are followed through Pakistan Environment Protection Ordinance 1983.


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