OSHA OUTREACH SAFETY TRAINING

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29 CFR 1926.450 29 CFR 1910.28
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What Is A Scaffold?
An elevated, temporary work platform Three basic types:  Supported scaffolds -- platforms supported by rigid, load bearing members, such as poles, legs, frames, & outriggers  Suspended scaffolds -- platforms suspended by ropes or other non-rigid, overhead support  Aerial Lifts -- such as cherry pickers or boom trucks

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Hazards
Employees working on scaffolds are exposed to these hazards:
‡ Falls from elevation caused by slipping, unsafe access, and the lack of fall protection Struck by falling tools / debris Electrocution from overhead power lines Scaffold collapse - caused by instability or overloading Bad planking giving way

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: . : .( : . 50 ) 75 (
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Wood Scaffolds Frame Scaffolds Tube and Clamp : . Modular System Scaffolds : Rolling Scaffolds : Suspended Scaffolds :

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Frame Scaffolds
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Frame Scaffold
‡ OSHA refers to frame scaffolds as sectional steel scaffold. ‡ There are two basic parts to a frame scaffolds The frame and the cross brace.

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Tube and Clamp
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Modular System Scaffolds
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Rolling Scaffolds
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Suspended Scaffolds
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. 4 . (overlapping) 30 15 .
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. . 6 . 3) 10 (4) .
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. ( 3) . 30 26
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. . . Mudsill 9 2 10
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Scaffold Support Examples
Base plate

Mud sills

Inadequate support in danger of collapse?
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Good support

Bracing
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TIES
‡ . 4 . 30 4 . 26 .
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Securing
1926.451(c)(ii)

If the base width is wider than 3 , the first tie will be a vertical distance of 4 times that (from the ground), and every 26 thereafter.
Example: base width = 5 first vertical tie will be (5 x 4) 20 from the ground
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Securing
1926.451(c)(ii)

Guys, ties, and braces shall be installed at each end of the scaffold and at horizontal intervals not to exceed 30 .
For example, on this scaffolding which extends the length of the hotel, horizontal braces will be installed at the red marks.
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x 30·

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x <30· 30·

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Through Ties (+ ve) Reveal Ties (- ve) Box Ties (+ ve) Anchor Bolt (+ ve)

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1- Through Ties (+ ve)
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Reveal Ties
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Box Ties
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Anchor Bolt
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ 800 ) ‡

1600 (

1200

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10 10 6 6 .

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1 4 ( 45) Toe Board ( 18 10)

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Scaffold Platform Construction
No large gaps in front edge of platforms Each abutted end of plank must rest on a separate support surface Overlap platforms at least 12 inches over supports, unless restrained to prevent movement

Planks not properly overlapped

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Platform Ends
Each end of a platform, unless cleated or otherwise restrained by hooks, must extend over its support by at least 6 inches
No Cleats
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Scaffold Inspection

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Scaffold Labeling

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