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# Transmission Line Parameters: Review

on Inductance and Example Problems

• The formula are dependent on whether or not: ▫ The conductors are solid or stranded ▫ The conductors are bundled or not ▫ The conductors are symmetrical space or asymmetrical spaced. .Inductance Calculations • Last time we derived the formulas for approximating the inductance of transmission line.

symmetric spacing Bundled solid conductor. symmetric spacing Bundled solid conductor. symmetric spacing .Example Problems • Find inductive reactance per phase in ohms per km ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ Solid conductor. symmetrical spacing Bundled stranded conductor. asymmetric spacing Stranded conductor.

Problem Solving Hints • The basic equation used to find inductance is • We need to determine what value to put in the numerator and the denominator • Solution approach is to classify the problem based on conductor and transmission line characteristics • Then compute using the correct formula .

Problem Solving Hints • Symmetric spacing  D is used as GMD (Deq) • Bundled  Ds must be used (calculated) • Solid : usually mentioned in single dimension(diameter/radius)  Used r’ as Ds • Asymmetric spacing  GMD (Deq) must be calculated • Not bundled  Used Ds =r’ • Stranded  Ds must be calculated .

m m m . single conductor with a radius of 1cm • Transmission line is operate at 50Hz • Find the inductive reactance per km.Example 1 • Solid.

Solid conductor. symmetric spacing • Approach Determine proper equation to calculate per phase inductance per phase inductance per km  multiply inductance by frequency in radians to find inductive reactance m m m .

7788] = 1.7788 cm 2) Find D GMD = 3√(20)(20)(20) = D = 20 m 3) Calculate inductance L= 2 X10-7 [ln D/r’] = 2 X10-7 ln [2000/0.57 x 10-6H/m Make sure the units is consistent .7788 X r = 0.Solid conductor. symmetric spacing 1) Calculate r’ r’ = 0.

symmetrically spaced that is bundled  This means we should use .Example 2  Line is solid conductor.

08 x 10-6 H/m .7788 x r= 0.09 x 4√(r’ x d3) = 1.7788 x (183) = 8.Bundled Solid Conductor. Symmetric Spacing  1) calculate GMR (Ds) r’ = 0.7788cm GMR =1.0895 )] = 1.09 x 4√(0.95 cm  2) Find GMD D = 20 m  3) Calculate inductance L = 2 x10-7 [ln D/GMR] = 2 x10-7 [ln(20/0.

Bundled Solid Conductor.39Ω/m . Symmetric Spacing  4) calculate reactance XL = (2πf) L= 3.

Example 3 Are the conductors solid or stranded? Is the transmission line symmetric? Are the conductors bundled? Solid. asymmetric and bundled Use L = 2 x 10-7 ln [ GMD/GMR] .

Asymmetric spacing 1) What is r’ r’ = 0.7788 x (183) = 8.7788 cm 2) What is the GMR? GMR = 1.95 cm 3) What is the GMD? GMD = 3√(20)(20)(40) = 25.09 x 4√(0.7788 x r = 0.20m .Bundled Solid conductor.

20m L = 2 x 10-7 ln [GMD/Ds] = 2 x 10-7 ln [25. Asymmetric spacing GMD = 8.54Ω/m .13 H/m XL = (2πf)l= 3.20/0.0895] = 1.95cm GMR = 25.Bundled Solid conductor.

Find the inductance per phase.2 m apart. 5. The conductor diameter is 2 cm. [ 2.65.85mH] . A 3 phase 50 km long single circuit 66kV transposed overhead line has horizontal spacing with 3 m between adjacent conductors and 6 m between outer conductors. Calculate the loop inductance per km of a single phase overhead line consisting of two conductors each 1 cm diameter and 1.292mH] 2.2m between centres.5 and 8. A 3 phase transposed line has conductors of diameter 2 cm and spaced at distance of 3. Calculate the inductance per phase per km of line length.31mH] 3. [61.Tutorial problem 1. [ 1.

Find the inductance per phase per km.2 cm.596mH] 6.841μF. The distance between the subconductors of each phase is 30.[0. [0. The conductor is 1.5m between adjacent conductors. single circuit line has horizontal spacing with 3.Tutorial problem 4. A 3-phase double circuit line has its conductors at the vertices of a regular hexagon with side 3.54 cm. 20. 50Hz.1m between the centre lines of adjacent phases.5m.15A] . A 3 phase single circuit bundled conductor line with two subconductors per phase has horizontal spacing with 6. Find the inductance per phase per km.5cm and each sub-conductor has a diameter of 2. [0.988mH] 5. A 3 phase 132kV. Find the line capacitance per phase and charging current per phase. 100km. The diameter of each conductor is 2cm.