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# AIR FLOW BEHAVIOUR IN

A SPIRAL FUNNEL
SYED JAMALUDDIN BIN WAN ABDULLAH
2013675352
EM220

## SUPERVISOR : DR. NOR AFIFAH BINTI YAHAYA

CO-SUPERVISOR : EN. SHAIFUL AZUAR BIN ROZALI

BACKGROUND
Spiral

funnel concept is rarely used in today technology but they have their
own unique criterion if they were studied on its characteristic of air flow
through spiral funnel.

Spiral

## funnel used for transferring purpose for specific liquid base

substance or kitchen utensil.

The

## system of funneling is important to guide the air flowing from the

outside environment directly into the system.

The

innovation of the spiral funnel give high velocity and vortex or swirling
pattern output of the air flow behavior when passes through the spiral
funnel system.

PROBLEM STATEMENT
1. What is flow speed condition when enter
spiral funnel.
2. What is output pressure performance of
flow via spiral funnel.
3. What the flow condition/ pattern at outlet
of spiral funnel.
4. Is the performance of spiral funnel greater
than normal funnel?
5. What are spiral funnel could contribute in
today application?

OBJECTIVES
To stimulate the air flow behaviour
when enter the spiral funnel using
CFD simulation.
To investigate the air flow speed
enters the spiral funnel.

## To compare the air flow

performance between normal funnel
and spiral funnel.

SCOPE OF WORK
IN THE STUDY OF THE FLOW BEHAVIOUR IN SPIRAL FUNNEL, THE SCOPE OF
WORK OF THIS PROJECT ARE:
CFD simulation will be conduct using the ANSYS fluent.
CFD simulation will be done toward two types of funnel which are
normal funnel (without spiral form) and spiral funnel.
The study of flow in normal funnel, the simulation will be done to
obtain the ratio effect between distance, x and two parameters
include velocity, V and pressure, P.
The study of flow in the spiral funnel is to obtain effect the
distance, x (related to pitch) and the velocity, V and pressure, P.

PROJECT
START

METHODOLOGY

## Obtain the Topic

Identify Problem
Information Gathering

## Model Design Selection:

1. Normal Funnel (without spiral)
2. Spiral
DRAWING:
1. Normal Funnel (without
spiral)
2. Spiral Funnel
1. Pre-Processing
2. Solver
3. Post-Processing
Data Analysis & Comparisons

END

LITERATURE REVIEW
INTRODUCTION

## Spiral funnel is the new technology that been

introduce in today application such as to
transfer the liquid from the bottle.

## The inner design of the spiral funnel consists

of spiral that allows the flow of the liquid
flow in vortex or spiral form.

## Though the mechanism have being

extensively studied in the past and but not
completely understood.

## In term of funnelling innovation, the spiral

funnel is better that giving the flow from the
lower to greater output performance of the
air flow speed.

Spiral Pewter
Funnel Archimedes

Available at:
http://
www.halffullglassware.ca/produ
cts/royal-selangor-wine-funnel
-archimede

pe
Spiral sha
effect on
outlet
nc e
performa

Definition :

## The spiral is the shape that in

form
of circular or curve in helical
path.
Function :

As a flow pathway.

## To perform the flow into spiral

or
vortex at outlet.

## Spiral Mesh Foam

Generator

Available at:
http://
www.halffullglassware.ca/produc
ts/royal-selangor-wine-funnel-a

Spiral shape
effect on
outlet
performance

## Use the spiral mesh to control or

reducing the dust concentration in
underground coal mines.

is
of

Generator

## Result :- pressure gradient at the output

greater than the inlet.
- quantity of the production rates
foam increase when the pressure

## Journal of Process Safety and

Environmental Protection

( By Xinxiao Lu et al.)

Vortex or
w
Spiral Flo

Definition :
The flow of the substance or medium in
form of the rotating around the axis line.
Vortex flow giving the greater output
performance parameter due to the flow of
the substance in the form of the vortices
or spiral.

## Vortex/ Spiral Flow

Available at:
http://
jnaudin.free.fr/html/vtxbottle.h
tm

Vortex or
w
Spiral Flo

Criteria :
Normally occur due to flow in funnel.
Funnel shape must in form of cylindrical.
Large surface area vessel located at the
inlet of the funnel.

Journal of Physica A

( By M. Piva et al.)

Vortex or
w
Spiral Flo

Effect :
Results in the turbulent flow and giving
the greater kinetic energy due to the aircore correlation.
Vortex flow and spirally outlet flow
condition cause the flow at outlet doesnt
scattering.
High speed of flow condition at outlet.

## Spiral Flow And

Funnel-shaped Free
Water Surface

## ( By Yunliang CHEN et al.)

PRELIMINARY OUTCOMES
CURRENT STATUS

Model Design:
Consist of two type of design:
1. Normal Funnel
2. Spiral Funnel

## The design of the model was

using the ratio of 1:4 of the
diameter inlet and outlet.

Design parameter :

Parameter

Size

Height, h

1980 mm (1.98m)

Diameter 1(D1)

100 mm (0.1m)

Diameter 2 (D2)

50 mm (0.05m)

Pitch, P

300 mm (0.3m)

Taper Angle,

10 degree (100)

## 2. Spiral Funnel Design Model

Design parameter :

Parameter

Size

Height, h

1980 mm (1.98m)

Diameter 1(D1)

100 mm (0.1m)

Diameter 2 (D2)

50 mm (0.05m)

Pitch, P

300 mm (0.3m)

Taper Angle,

10 degree (100)

ESULT
EXPECTED R

## The flow behavior when enter both funnel

which are normal funnel (without spiral)
spiral funnel will be investigate
through
simulation.
Obtaining output/outlet performance
parameter;
Flow Speed/ Velocity.
Pressure.
Flow Condition/ Pattern.

## Compare the flow between both funnel.

and
CFD

REFERENCES

Daryoush Allaeia, and Yiannis Andreopoulosb,*. (2014). INVELOX: Description of a new concept in
wind power and its performance evaluation. Energy 69, 336-344.

P.R. Kulkarni a,*, S.N. Singh b, and V. Seshadri b. (2007). Parametric studies of exhaust smoke
superstructure interaction on a naval ship using CFD. Computers & Fluids 36, 794816.

Tao Zhang, Chaohai Wei *, Chunhua Feng, and Jialiang Zhu. (2014). A novel airlift reactor
enhanced by funnel internals and hydrodynamics prediction by the CFD method. Bioresource
Technology 104, 600607.

## Royal Selangor Wine Funnel - Archimedes. Available at :

http://www.halffullglassware.ca/products/royal-selangor-wine-funnel archimedes
Access Date: [18 October 2015].

Xinxiao Lua,b,c, Deming Wanga,b,c,*, Wei Shena, and Hetang Wanga, Chaobing Zhua, Jianan Liua.
(2015). Experimental investigation of pressure gradient of new spiral mesh foam generator.
Process Safety and Environmental Protection 94, 44-54.

M. Piva*, M. Iglesias, P. Bissio, and A. Calvo. (2003). Experiments on vortex funnel formation
during drainage. Physica A 329, 16.

Yunliang Chena,b, Chao WUa, Bo WANGa, Min DUa,b, a*. (2012). Three-dimensional Numerical
Simulation of Vertical Vortex at Hydraulic Intake. Procedia Engineering 28, 55-60.