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Engine Computer Unit

(ECU)

Outlines :
Introduction.
ECU Housing and Location.
The advantages of using ECU.
Processes that are controlled by ECU.
ECU Operation.
ECU Components.
Sensors.
Crashes of ECU.
Mechanical important points.

Introduction:

ECU Housing and Location


Hard metal or plastic case,
with a connector(s) for
multiple wires.

Located away from moisture,


heat and vibration.

Housing

Connectors and wires

The advantages of using ECU:


1. Lower fuel consumption .
2. Less pollution due to lack of pumping
a large proportion of fuel only when
needed

Processes that are controlled by ECU:

1. Fuel Injection.
2. Ignition System.
3. Variable Valve Timing.
4. Traction Control.
5. Lunch Control.
6. Control Automatic Transmission.

ECU Operation
Inputs come from sensors and switches.

CPU processes input readings and compares with ideal data,


stored in memory.
Outputs to actuators make adjustments that improve:
Efficiency.
Power.
Controllability.
Safety.

Components of the ECU :


1.The input unit.
2. CPU.
3. Output unit.
4. Memory module (ROM), (RAM), (PROM/EPROM),(KAM).
5. Operations timing is specified unit
6. Receiving specific commands unit
7. Backup control system
8. Feeder improvements

Paul Miller

1. Input unit :
input information from the middle to the outside and delivery unit CPU's.

2. CPU :
consists of :
control unit.
unit of account and logic.
3. Unit Output :
the mission opposite of the input unit .

Paul Miller

4. Memory :
-Read Only Memory (ROM)
Contains program to control ECU.
Program is vehicle generic.
Information cannot be changed.

-Random Access Memory (RAM)


Temporary memory.
Used by CPU to store and retrieve data.
Data lost when power removed.

Processing components

-Programmable Read Only Memory (PROM /EPROM)


Program that is vehicle specific.
Can be updated.
Read only.

-Keep Alive Memory (KAM)


Stores adaptive strategies.
Supplies default data if fault occurs.
Data is not lost if vehicle battery
disconnected (has own internal battery).

Processing components

5. Operations timing is specified unit :


For example , close circle of the fan for cooling water for the engine.
6. Unit receiving specific commands :
For example , open the injectors a time.
7. Control system backup :
Feeder backup of ECU.
8. Feeder improvements :
The similar work of PROM.

The sensors :
1. Air Temperature Sensor (A.T.S) :
-The function:
:The principle of work-

Paul Miller

2. Throttle Position Sensor (T.P.S) :


-The function:
:The principle of work-

Paul Miller

3. Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor (M.A.P.S):

-The function:
:The principle of work-

Paul Miller

4. Oxygen Sensor (O2.S):


-The function:
:The principle of work-

Paul Miller

5. Vehicle Speed Sensor (V.S.S):


-The function:
:The principle of work-

Paul Miller

6. Cam Shaft Position Sensor (C.P.S.S):


-The function:
:The principle of work-

Paul Miller

7. Crank Shaft Sensor (KPS):


-The function:
:The principle of work-

Paul Miller

8. Mass Air Flow Sensor (M.A.F.S):


-The function:
:The principle of work-

Paul Miller

Crashes of (ECU)
:Crashes and power unit in the ECU . 1
:The reasons

:To avoid them


:Repair Crash

2 . Crashes sensors circuit :


:The reasons :To avoid them :Repair Crash Paul Miller

3 . Crashes executive departments :


:The reasons :To avoid them :Repair Crash -

4 . Crashes memories and programs :


:The reasons :To avoid them :Repair Crash -

Paul Miller

Mechanical important points :


1 - measuring the level of the engine oil :

2 - tire air pressure:

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3- Brake fluid :

4- battery cable :

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5 - The high temperature of the engine :

6- Change the spark plugs :

Different Types of ECU


Sometimes split into specific areas.

Instrument cluster
unit
Anti-lock
brake unit

Main ECU
Suspension
unit

Paul Miller

Next >

Summary
You should be aware of:
ECU Operation
ECU Components
In Car Position

End >