You are on page 1of 12

BASIC SAFETY

AWARENESS

BY
KINGSLEY OGUZIE
QMR/ SAFETY OFFICER

WHATISSAFETY
Safetyisthestateofbeing"safe;theconditionofbeing

protectedagainstphysical,social,spiritual,financial,
political,emotional,occupational,psychological,
educationalorothertypesorconsequencesoffailure,
damage,error,accidents,harmoranyothereventwhich
couldbeconsiderednon-desirable
Safetycanalsobedefinedtobethecontrolofrecognized
hazardstoachieveanacceptablelevelofrisk.

HISTORYOFSAFETY
SAFTYprinciplescameaboutasaresultoftheIndustrial

revolutionof1833.Machineswereintroducedtothe
manufacturingandbecausemanwasnotusedtoworking
withmachinestherewasalotofinjuryandaccidents.
TherewasalotofcomplainwhichpromptedtheUKgovt
toformulatedsomepiecesofLawaimedatprovide
guidelineforworkingsafeandpenaltiestoCompaniesfor
notobservingsafeworkingenvironment
1949ILOputinplaceLawstogovernworks
NigeriarectifiedtheILOlawandnamedittheFactoryAct
(1990).TheFactoryActgovernssafeworkpracticesin
Nigeria

SAFETYASITRELATESTOHSE
H=HEALTHProtectionofhumanasset
S=SAFETY-Protectionofphysicalasset
E=ENVIRONMENTProtectionofLand,Air,Water

andNaturalresources
Safetyintheoilandgasindustryisconcernedaboutthe
protectionoftheaboveagainstHazard,RiskandAccident

WHATSAFETYREVOLVESAROUND
HAZARDAnythingthathasthepotentialtocause

harm.Itcanalsobesaidtobeaconditionoractivity
that,ifleftuncontrolled,canresultIaninjuryorillness.
RISK:ItisrelatedtoHazard,itisthepotentialofharm
orloss.
INCIDENTAnyeventoroccurrence.Itmightleadto
noharm,injuryorvariousformsofdisabilities.
ACCIDENTAneventoranoccurrencethatwasnot
plannedfor.
UNSAFE ACT/CONDITION Anyactionor
conditionthathasthepotentialtocauseharmorloss.

COMMONLYUSEDSAFETYTERMS
PPEPersonnelProtectiveEquipmente.gHardHat,

Coverall,Safetyboot,Handgloveetc
PPEAREAAreathatPPEmustbeworn.
STOPSafetyTrainingObservationProgramme
STOPCARDACardthatisusedtoreportunsafe
act/commendsafeact
PTWPermitToWork
MUSTERPOINTAdesignatedplacewithina
companyspremiseswhereallpersonnelgatherinthe
eventofemergency.

OCCUPATIONALHEALTH(OH)
OHisconcernedwithprotectingthesafety,healthand

welfareofpeopleengagedinworkoremployment.
OHcanalsobesaidtobeapreventivehealthservice
giventoaworkerinhisworkplacesohecanwork
effectivelywellandwhenhegetssickitwillnotbeasa
resultoftheworkhedoes.

OBJECTIVE OF OH
Promotionandmaintenanceofthephysical,mentaland

socialwell-beingofworkersintheiroccupation.
Protectionofworkersfromrisksanddangerousfactors
presentintheirjobs
Preventionofdeterioratinghealthduetolonghoursof
work
Placementandmaintenanceofaworkerinwork
environmentsuitableforhisphysicalability

ENSURING GOOD OH AT WORK PLACE


ROLE OF MANAGEMENT/EMPLOYER
DETECTION;ofenvironmentalfactorsandstresses
associatedwiththework,andhowtheyaffectmans
health
EVALUATION(ormeasurement)oftheirmagnitude
ELIMINATION,CONTROLORREDUCTIONofsuch
factors
PROVISION;oftherighttoolsuitedforeachjob

ENSURING GOOD OH AT WORK PLACE


ROLE OF WORKER/EMPLOYER
WearappropriatePPEasprovidedbythecompany
Workinaccordancewithlaiddownprocedures
Ensurehisworkingtoolandequipmentisingoodcondition
Avoideatingwhileworking
Washhandsthoroughlybeforeandaftereating
Keepworkclothescleanespeciallyunderwears
Keepmachine/workenvironmenttidy

CONCLUSION

SAFETYISEVERYBODIESBUSINESS
SAFETYBENEFITSALL
SAFETYINCREASESCOMPANYPROFIT
SAFETYGUARANTEESGOODHEALTH
SAFETYPROTECTSTHEENVIRONMENT
SAFETYPROTECTSALL

ACT AND THINK SAFETY TODAY


AND ALWAYS

THANK YOU

THANK YOU