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Jacky Li

IS ISIS
ISIL Sham Levant

ISIS

Kalimah Shahadah

la ilaha illa-llah, muhammadurrasulu-llah


570 Hashim
( Hashim ) (Maulidurrasul)
Abdul Muttalib Fatimah
Abdullah Aminah
Abi Talib

Khadijah Fatimah
40 Islam 622
Fatimah Ali
Hussein Hassan (
Ahlul Bait)

Sunni

Shia

15 (87-90%)

2 (10-13%)

Mazhabs
Hanbali
Hanafi
Maliki
Syafii

Mazhabs
Zayidi (5)
Ismaili (7)
Twelvers (12):
Alawi

Hanafi Maliki Syafii Hanbali


( Istihsan)

Hanbali Ibn Taymiyyah


Wahhabism



Ijma/Ijmak ( )
Qiyas ( )
Urf ( )
Ijtihad

Hukum Ibadah ( )
Shahadah
Solat ( )

Sawm ( )

Zakat ( )

Haj ( )

Hukum Allah ( )
Sariqah ( )
Hirabah ( )
Zina ( )
Qazaf ( )
Syrub/ Shrub al-Khamr ( )
Irtidad/ Riddah/ Murtad ( )
Bughat ( )
Maisir ( )

Nikah ( )
Iqtisad ( )
Harb ( )
Waqf/ Waqaf ( )
Sur
Jenazah ( )
Sihir ( )


Ahkam Al-Dhimmi wa
al-Mustamin
Al-Akmal Al-Siyar
Al- Ahkam Al-Siyasah/
Nizam Al-Siyasah
Al- Ahkam Al-Jinayah



(Qisas/
Retaliation) i.e eye for eye, tooth for
tooth (Surah Maidah Ayat 45) *

-
Hanbalism ( ): Ahmad ibn Hanbal (780-855),

Ibn Taymiyyah ( ) (1268-1328):


(Tauhid)

Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab ( ) (1701-1793):

(2)
Jamaluddin Afghani (1838-1897)

Hassan al-Banna:

Ikhwanul Muslimun (Muslim Brotherhood)

(Tauhid)


(Fatwa) Haram ( )

(1)
SykesPicot Agreement

Yawmul Nakba
(1947)

(1967)

(2)

(Nov to Dec 1979)
(Dec 1979 to Feb
1989)


Assad




Ayman al-Zawahiri Sayyid Qutb (
)

911

(1)
(Abu Musab
Zarqawi)

(
)

( )

(
Muaz Kasasbeh)

(2)


( Palmyra/
Tadmur Mosul)

Abu Sayyaf
Harakat al-Shabaab
Mujahideen
Boko Haram
Jemaah Islamiah (JI)
( )
IMU
(ETIM)
Ansar Bait al-Maqdis

Map of ISIS

Minor map of Iraq:Religious distrubution/ Minor map of Syria: Historical division


Reported died

ISIS
Abu [ ] +
+ / / ( )

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi ( )


Abu Muslim al-Turkmani ( )
Abu Ali Al-Anbari ( Anbar )
Abu Mohammad al-Adnani (Adnan )
Abu Omar al-Shishani ( )
Abu Talha al-Almani ( )
Abu Ali al-Shishani ( )
Abu al-Baraa al-Azdi (Azd )
Abu Fatima al-Jaheishi (Al-Jaheishi )
Abu Abdulrahman al-Bilawi al-Dulaimi ( )

Vs

Vs

Houthi
( )


the Economist

~~~~~~

Source:
http://research.un.org/en/docs/sc
/quick

(1)
: IS

IS


(
)

Aylan
Kurdi Ghalib Kurdi Rihan

(2)
IS

(Islamophobia)

Refugees around Syria

180

(1)

Vs (
200 )

( )

(2)

(1)

(2)

(3)




Mosul Raqqa



(
)