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ADVANCED CONSTRUCTION

MATERIAL HANDLING
EQUIPMENTS

WHAT IS MATERIAL HANDLING ?
When someone says "Material handling," you have to wonder what they're talking
about. It's a confusing term that says nothing but means a lot. Everyone knows
that every construction project involves some type of material handling function.
On a site prep job you could be moving trash, debris, brush trees, and earth. As the
job progresses you could be installing sewers, roads, parking areas, footings,
foundations, and a host of other utilities.
On building sites it can be steel, concrete panels, windows ... you name it. It's
always a challenge to get the materials to where they are needed when they are
needed. It sounds simple enough but often isn't. Navigating the job site often
poses challenges, let alone trying to run the gauntlet of obstacles that commonly
adorn a typical job at any kind of site.

EQUIPMENTS
• Anything that improves the efficiency of our work
• Anything that reduces the human effort and helps in increasing the output
• Anything that reduces the human labour
All these points together make the definition of equipments.

Concrete Mixer
A concrete mixer (often mistakenly called a
cement mixer) is a device that homogeneously
combines cement, aggregate such as sand or
gravel, and water to form concrete. A typical
concrete mixer uses a revolving drum to mix the
components. For smaller volume works portable
concrete mixers are often used so that the
concrete can be made at the construction site,
giving the workers ample time to use the
concrete before it hardens.
Capacity- 6 cubic feet/batch

They can be charged with dry materials and water. until delivery. In one rotational direction. This is known as "charging" the mixer. the Archimedes screwtype arrangement "discharges". From there it may go onto chutes to guide the viscous concrete directly to the job site. They can also be loaded from a "central mix" plant. . When the drum rotates in the other direction. or forces the concrete out of the drum.In-Transit Concrete Mixer Special concrete transport trucks (in–transit mixers) are made to transport and mix concrete up to the construction site. The concrete mixing transport truck maintains the material's liquid state through agitation. Capacity-3–9 cubic mete/ batch The interior of the drum on a concrete mixing truck is fitted with a spiral blade. or turning of the drum. This is the direction the drum is rotated while the concrete is being transported to the building site. with the mixing occurring during transport. with this process the material has already been mixed prior to loading. the concrete is pushed deeper into the drum.

Working .

Boom pumps are used on most of the larger construction projects as they are capable of pumping at very high volumes and because of the labour Vertical reach of boom: 41. The second main type of concrete pump is either mounted on a truck or placed on a trailer. Line pumps normally pump concrete at lower volumes than boom pumps and are used for smaller volume concrete placing applications such as swimming pools. pumps. They are a Pumping rate: 140 cubic meters/hour  revolutionary alternative to truck-mounted concrete Concrete pressure: 70 bar). and single family home concrete slabs and most ground . sidewalks.Concrete Pump Concrete pump is a machine used for transferring liquid concrete by pumping. Those hoses are linked together and lead to wherever the concrete needs to be placed.9 meters. This pump requires steel or flexible concrete placing hoses to be manually attached to the outlet of the machine. There are two types of concrete pumps. and it is commonly referred to as a line pump or trailer-mounted concrete pump.  saving nature of the placing boom. The first type of concrete pump is attached to a truck or longer units are on semi-trailers. It is known as a boom concrete pump because it uses a remote-controlled articulating robotic arm (called a boom) to place concrete accurately.

Truck Mounted Boom type Concrete Pump • Truck Mounted Concrete Pump .

. generally equipped with a hoist rope. It is mainly used for lifting heavy things and transporting them to other places.Crane A crane is a type of machine. It uses one or more simple machines to create mechanical advantage and thus move loads beyond the normal capability of a human. wire ropes or chains. that can be used both to lift and lower materials and to move them horizontally. and sheaves.

and the fabricator or stamper uses an overhead crane to handle the steel in his factory. Raw materials are poured into a furnace by crane. the finished coils are lifted and loaded onto trucks and trains by overhead crane. until it leaves a factory as a finished product.Types of CRANES Overhead crane An overhead crane. At every step of the manufacturing process. steel is handled by an overhead crane. is a type of crane where the hook-and-line mechanism runs along a horizontal beam that itself runs along two widely separated rails. also known as a bridge crane. . hot steel is stored for cooling by an overhead crane. The most common overhead crane use is in the steel industry. Often it is in a long factory building and runs along rails along the building's two long walls.

. rail or water. Common terminology is conventional and hydraulic cranes respectively.Mobile Crane The most basic type of mobile crane consists of a truss or telescopic boom mounted on a mobile platform — be it on road.

These modern hydraulic truck cranes are usually singleengine machines. most larger cranes are equipped with either special trailers to help spread the load over more axles or are able to disassemble to meet requirements. referred to as the Upper. If this is the case. eliminating the need for Generally. This crane has two parts: the carrier.unless weight or other size constrictions are special equipment to transport in place such as local laws. with are the able same engineon highways. often referred to as the Lower. and the lifting component which includes the boom. these cranes to travel powering the undercarriage andthe thecrane crane. .Truck Crane A crane mounted on a truck carrier provides the mobility for this type of crane. These are mated together through a turntable. allowing the upper to swing from side to side.

Container lift is done with parallel crane-like hoists. which can lift a container from the ground or from a railway vehicle.Sidelifter crane A side lifter crane is a road-going truck or semi-trailer. able to hoist and transport ISO standard containers. .

All-Terrain Crane A mobile crane with the necessary equipment to travel at speed on public roads. . AT‘s combine the roadability of Truck-mounted Cranes and the manoeuvrability of Rough Terrain Cranes. and on rough terrain at the job site using all-wheel and crab steering.

All Terrain Crane .

Outriggers are used to level and stabilize the crane for hoisting. .Rough-Terrain Crane A crane mounted on an undercarriage with four rubber tires that is designed for pickand-carry operations and for off-road and "rough terrain" applications.

however Pick and Carry cranes have no stabilizer legs or outriggers and are designed to lift the load and carry it to its destination.Pick and Carry Crane A Pick and Carry Crane is similar to a mobile crane in that is designed to travel on public roads. . within a small radius. then be able to drive to the next job.

. The rear section houses the engine and the area above the wheels is a flat deck.Carry Deck Crane A carry deck crane is a small 4 wheel crane with a 360 degree rotating boom placed right in the centre and an operators cab located at one end under this boom.

Telescopic Handler Crane Telescopic Handlers are like forklift trucks that have a telescoping extendable boom like a crane. .

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125. The main disadvantage is that they are very heavy. since the crane is stable on its tracks with no outriggers. Their main advantage is that they can move around on site and perform each lift with little set-up.Crawler Crane A crawler is a crane mounted on an undercarriage with a set of tracks (also called crawlers) that provide stability and mobility. 36.3 to 3.175. Crawler cranes range in lifting capacity from about 40 to 3. Typically a large crawler must be disassembled and moved by trucks.7 to 3. .1 t). rail cars or ships to its next location. and cannot easily be moved from one job site to another without significant expense.500 short tons (35.0 long tons.

The simplest form is a crane mounted on a flatcar. More capable devices are purpose-built.Railroad Crane A railroad crane has flanged wheels for use on railroads. recovery operations and freight loading in goods yards and scrap handling facilities. Different types of crane are used for maintenance work. .

Floating Crane Floating cranes are used mainly in bridge building and port construction. . but they are also used for occasional loading and unloading of especially heavy or awkward loads on and off ships.

and is used for loading/unloading the vehicle. One or more of the sections may be telescopic.Truck-Mounted Articulating Cranes (Loader Crane) A loader crane (also called a knuckleboom crane or articulating crane) is a hydraulically powered articulated arm fitted to a truck or trailer. . Often the crane will have a degree of automation and be able to unload or stow itself without an operator's instruction. The numerous jointed sections can be folded into a small space when the crane is not in use.

. often be Pedestrian difficultCranes than the Operated by a remote control.Tower Crane A tower crane is usually assembled by a telescopic jib (mobile) crane of greater reach (also see "self-erecting crane" below) and in the case of tower cranes that have risen while constructing very tall skyscrapers. which may be more Tower caninstallation. a smaller crane (or derrick) will often be lifted to the roof of the completed tower to dismantle the tower crane afterwards. removing the need for a cab for the Crane Operator to work from.

boats.).Aerial Crane Aerial crane or 'Sky cranes' usually are helicopters designed to lift large loads. Helicopters are able to travel to and lift in areas that are difficult to reach by conventional cranes. They also perform disaster relief after natural disasters for clean-up. They can lift anything within their lifting capacity. etc. and during wild-fires they are able to carry huge buckets of water to extinguish fires. (cars. swimming pools. Helicopter cranes are most commonly used to lift units/loads onto shopping centers and highrises. .

of waste materials so they can be more easily disposed of or recycled. so that pieces of different composition can be . or rock dust.Primary Crushers A crusher is a machine designed to reduce large rocks into smaller rocks. gravel. or to reduce the size of a solid mix of raw materials (as in rock ore). Crushers may be used to reduce the size. or change the form.

Mobile Crusher A crusher which can be moved from place to place is called a mobile crusher. .

.Forklift A forklift (also called a lift truck. a fork truck. where centrifugal and gravitational forces may combine to cause a disastrous tip-over accident. or a forklift truck) is a powered industrial truck used to lift and move materials short distances. Another critical characteristic of the forklift is its instability. A forklift must never negotiate a turn at speed with a raised load. The forklift and load must be considered a unit with a continually varying center of gravity with every movement of the load.

which make them very popular in the material handling and packaging industries. . Conveyors are especially useful in applications involving the transportation of heavy or bulky materials. Conveyor systems allow quick and efficient transportation for a wide variety of materials.Conveyor A conveyor system is a common piece of mechanical handling equipment that moves materials from one location to another.

They are usually capable of being set up and operated by a single person. flexible access purposes such as maintenance and construction work or by firefighters for emergency access. is a mechanical device used to provide temporary access for people or equipment to inaccessible areas. elevating work platform (EWP). also known as an aerial device. They are designed to lift limited weights — usually less than a ton.Aerial Work Platform An aerial work platform (AWP). or mobile elevating work platform (MEWP) They are generally used for temporary. usually at height. which distinguishes them from permanent access equipment such as elevators. although some have a higher safe working load (SWL)distinguishing them from most types of cranes. There are distinct types of .

elongating the crossing pattern. pneumatic or mechanical (via a leadscrew or rack and pinion system). The platform may also have an extending "bridge" to allow closer access to the work area. .Scissor Lift A scissor lift is a type of platform that can usually only move vertically. because of the inherent limits of of vertical-only The contraction the scissormovement. The upward motion is achieved by the application of pressure to the outside of the lowest set of supports. and propelling the work platform vertically. The mechanism to achieve this is the use of linked. folding supports in a criss-cross "X" pattern. action can be hydraulic. known as a pantograph (or scissor mechanism).

Landfill customers choose the D8T WH because it excels at multiple tasks from pushing trash and spreading cover to cell construction and closing. productivity and resale value. .Waste Handler Waste Handler has earned a reputation for best-in-class versatility.

Demolition Robots These remote-controlled demolition robot with a telescopic arm. extending the reach for a flexible set-up. provide superior stability. which enables high . making it ideal for efficient demolition in tough environments. The outriggers are individually controlled. Despite its low weight and compactness it delivers a power of 22 kW. and combined with a large footprint.

Volvo Construction Equipment (Sweden) 4.Manufacturers Of Material Handling Equipments 1.) 2. Liebherr (Germany) .S. Hitachi Construction Machinery (Japan) 5. Komatsu (Japan) 3. Caterpillar (U.

. • Reduce the overall construction costs especially for large contracts. • Carry out activities which cannot be done manually or to do them more economically and much faster. • Maintain the planned rate of production where there is a shortage of skilled or unskilled labor. • Maintain the high quality standards often required by present-day design and specifications (technical standards). • Eliminate the heavy manual work by human thus reducing fatigue and eliminates various other hazards and health issues.Advantages: • Increase the rate of output through work progress with the best effective and efficient methods.

 Disadvantages • Additional capital cost is involved • Material handling system requires maintenance • Additional change in the material leads to elasticity • Failure of the material leads to the downtime in the system. .

missing or loose parts. cracked windshields. missing.. because once the load is up and in the air. in other cases outside of all control. missing or burned out lights.. bad wiper blades . Look for cracks. On all equipment the formula is simple: follow the manufacturer's recommended checklist. The results can be catastrophic. With material handling equipment the safety aspects are more important. • Pre-start inspections are critical and should never be glossed over: no short cuts! Walk-arounds should be performed with the same level of seriousness that you want a pilot to use on your 17-hour overseas flight. cracked or cloudy mirrors. anything that could interfere with the safe. in some cases in a controlled descent. fluid leaks. any mishap will mean the load is coming down .Some Safety Measures to take care of… • Safety is always a primary consideration when operating equipment. broken. There are no short cuts! .. smooth operation of the machine.. in short.

• Don't give the material handling jobs to the newest man. Make sure the tires are in good — no. how it operates. and safety harness when and where required. gloves if necessary. It's always better to be overly cautious than even a little careless. High winds. make that excellent condition. rain. check with the jobsite safety director. • Never exceed manufacturer's load limits. If you're in doubt about what's required. and fog can all take a normally safe job site and turn it into a hazardous work zone. its lifting or handling characteristics and its capacity limitation. safety glasses when called for. This isn't the full list of safety gear you might need or use on the job. • It's too easy to make mistakes when moving around the job site. • Remember that wearing proper apparel is as important as every other aspect of the job: hard hats. safety shoes. • Check the operating functions of all systems before moving the machine. • And don't forget to check the weather. lightning. Make certain the operator knows the machine.• Check tire air pressure on rubber-tired machines. It takes experience and knowhow to manage and handle a load. sleet. not matter what it is. Be sure that all tires are properly inflated for the application. snow. that will vary from job to job. .

Thank you… Presentation byManvendra s rawat M azhar khan Namun Mishra Subhanshu Mamgain Dikhsha Parul Vipul Anmol Sanjay Aishwarya Nigam .