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Dr.

Farah Rezwana
HMO,Department of
Neurology,DMCH

DEVELOPMENT

Midbrain: The midbrain develops from
mesencephalon. Cells within the midbrain
multiply continually and be compressed to
form cerebral aqueduct.
Pons: The pons develops from the anterior
part of the metencephalon, but it also
receives a cellular contribution from alar part
of the myelencephalon.

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It is about 0.8 inch in length The midbrain is traversed by a narrow channel called cerebral aqueduct filled with CSF.Midbrain Connects the pons and cerebellum with the forebrain. .

.  The oculomotor nerve emerges from the medial aspect of the crus of the same side  The crus cerebri bounds the interpeduncular fossa on either side. one on each side of the midline.ANTERIOR SURFACE  Anteriorly. called crus cerebri. Anteriorly it presents two large bundles of fibers.

o   Superior and inferior brachium arises from respective colliculi o   Superior brachium connects the superior colliculus to lateral geniculate body o   Inferior brachium connects the inferior colluculus to medial geniculate body o   In the midline below the inferior colliculus.  Each colliculus is laterally related to a ridge called brachium. the trochlear nerve emerges which then winds round the side of the midbrain to reach its ventral aspect .POSTERIOR SURFACE  Posteriorly. Posteriorly the midbrain presents four rounded swellings called colliculiOne Superior and inferior colliculi one on each side.

Lateral view .

.The midbrain comprises two lateral halves called- Cerebral peduncles. these are two superior and two inferior colliculi. anterior part. The tectum is the part of the midbrain posterior to the cerebral aqueduct. peduncles which is again divided into 1. which connects the 3rd and 4th ventricles. it has four small surface swellings referred to previously. substantia nigra The central narrow cavity is called the cerebral aqueduct or aqueduct of Sylvius. posterior part -Tegmentum by a pigmented band of gray matter.Crus cerebri 2.

TECTUM & TEGMENTUM .

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Transverse section at the level of Superior Colliculi Superior colliculi Substantia nigra Oculomotor nucleus Red nucleus Mesencephalic nucleus of trigeminal n. Edgngerwestphal nucleus .

Tracts Motor Corticospinal Corticonuclear Temporopontine Frontopontine Medial longitudinal fasciculas Decussation of rubrospinal tract Sensory Trigeminal Spinal Medial .

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the level of Inferior Colliculi Substantia nigra Troclear nucleus Mesencephal ic nucleus of trigeminal nerve .

Motor Corticospinal  Corticonuclear  Temporopontine  Frontopontine  Medial longitudinal fasciculas  Tracts Sensory Lateral  Trigeminal  Spinal  Medial lemnisci  Decussation of superior cerebellar peduncles  .

Blood Supply  Artery –  posterior cerebral artery  superior cerebellar artery  basilar artery  Veins – Drained by  basal or great cerebral veins .

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Connects the medulla oblongata to the midbrain. Its also connects two cerebellar hemispheres and its name comes from this bridge like appearance. .PONS It is situated anteriorly to the cerebellum measuring about 1 inch in length.

facial and vestibulocochlear nerves. there emerge.Anterior surface of Pons Pons has a convex anterior surface marked by transversely running fibers which laterally form a bundle called middle cerebellar peduncle. abducent. Main Features:  The trigeminal nerve emerges from the anterior surface at its junction with middle cerebellar peduncle. from medial to lateral.  Presents a basilar sulcus in the midline which lodges basilar artery  In the groove between Pons and the medulla oblongata. .

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 Area vestibule lies lateral to sulcus limitans.  The upper end of sulcus limitans presents a bluishgray coloration called substantia ferruginosa. .Posterior Surface  Posterior surface contains median sulcus which is bounded by madial eminence on both sides.   Inferior end of medial eminence is slightly expanded to form facial colliculus. colliculus which is produced by facial nerve root.

.Structure of Pons Posterior part- Tegmentum Anterior part- Basis pontis traversed by running fibers of Trapezoid body.

Sensory nucleus of trigeminal n. Pontine nuclei Trapezoid nuclei .Transverse Section Through the Cranial Part Motor nucleus of trigeminal n.

Tracts Motor Corticospinal Corticonuclear Transverse pontine fibers Medial longitudinal fasciculas Sensory Lateral Spinal Medial lemnisci .

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Transverse section through the Caudal part Facial nucleus Abducent nucleus Medial vestibular nucleus Spinal nucleus of trigeminal nerve Pontine nuclei Trapezoid nuclei .

s Motor Corticospinal Corticonuclear Transverse pontine fibers Medial longitudinal fasciculas Sensory Spinal tract of trigemial nerve Lateral Medial lemnisci .

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Blood Supply .

Thank You .