Employee welfare means the efforts to make life worth living for workman. Rapid industrialization have made employees dependent on capitalists. In such a situation, employee welfare facilities enable workers to live a richer and more satisfactory life. Employee welfare:- It means anything done for the comfort and improvement , intellectual or social of employees, over & above wages paid. 

Employee welfare is defined as such services, facilities and amenities as adequate canteen, rest and recreation facilities, rearrangement for travel etc. In short it can be said that labour welfare is to enrich the life of employees and keep them happy and contented.    

It is a comprehensive term including various services, facilities & amenities provided to employees for their betterment. It is a dynamic concept. It is flexible and ever changing process. Welfare measures can be provided not only by employer but by govt. trade union and other agencies too. The basic purpose of labour welfare is to improve lot of working class. 


It helps in improving recruitment. It improves moral & loyality of workers. It reduces labour turnover & absenteeism. It helps in increasing productivity & efficiency by improving physical & mental health. It helps in improving industrial relation & industrial peace.

INTRAMURAL Intramurals activities which are provided within the establishment such as urinals, creches, rest centres, canteens, uniforms, library, medical aid, subsidised food etc.

EXTRAMURAL Extramural activities which are undertaken outside the establishment such as family planning, child welfare, cooperative stores, credit societies, holiday homes, leave travel facilities, travel to and from the place of work etc.



It comprising the legal provisions in various pieces of labour legislation.


It includes those activities which are undertaken by employers for their workers voluntarily. Examples :education, housing, recreation and other facilities such as canteen, restrooms, washing facilities, medical aid etc.

The Factory act 1948 The Contract labour act 1970

The mines act, 1951 The Motor act 1961

The Plantation labour act 1951

The act provides the following services to workers: Washing facilities to male and female workers separately 
Facilities for storing and drying clothes.  First aid boxes or cupboards.  Canteens, where there are more than 250 workers.  Shelters, rest-rooms and lunch rooms where over 150 workers are employed. Welfare officer , if 500 or more workers are employed.

The act provides for the following :  Canteen  Creche  Recreational facilities for worker and their children  Educational arrangements  Housing facilities  Medical aid  Sickness allowances and maternity allowances  Welfare officer

The mine owners are required to make provision for : 

Shelter for taking food and rest. Canteen First aid boxes & first aid rooms Welfare officer 

Canteens Clean,ventilated,well lighted and comfortable rest rooms at every place where motor transport workers are required to halt at night Uniforms and raincoat to drivers, conductors time and checkers Prescribed amount of washing allowances Prescribed medical facilities at operation and halting stations First and facility in every transport vehicle

It is obligatory on the part of contractor to provide:  Canteen  Rest rooms  Washing facilities  First aid boxes

There are several agencies involved in labour welfare work.besides central and state govt. employers, unions and social organisations work as agencies for extending welfare facilities to the workers .

Labour is an important resource for any organization and to raise their morale and their productivity, they should be provided with certain basic amenities and service despite their wages.

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