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YUGANTA

THE END OF AN EPOCH


PART II KRISHNA, KARNA & ASHVATTHAMA

Apoorva Vikal
1511382
Rujhan Gupta
1511275
Adnan Ngassi Saqout
15E5030

Author Irawati Karve


Born in Burma: 1905 1970
Education: Sociology and Anthropology
Teacher and scholar in Marathi and English
Took a lot of interest in the Mahabharata and wanted to
spread it
Wrote several essay
She did it to communicate to others something one felt strongly
Wrote Yuganta in Marathi in 1967 won a Sahitya Academy prize
later translated in English

Yuganta: Study of the main characters of the Mahabharata


Behaviour
Context and story surrounding

Other works:
A Hindu society: An Interpretation, 1961
Maharashtra Land and People, 1968

Genealogy of Pandavas
Sun
God

Kunti

Karna

Pandu

Dharm
a

Bhima

Arjuna

Nakula

Subhad
ra

Abhiman
yu

Madri

Sahadev
a

Genealogy of Yadavas
Rohini

Subhadra

Devaki

Vasudeva

Balarama

Krishna

Satyabha
ma

Samba

Genealogy of Brahmins
Gautama

Shradvana

Kripa

Kripi

Drona
(Bharadvaj
a)

Ashwattham
a

Main Characters
Pandavas

Pandavasare the five acknowledged sons of Pandu, by his two wives Kunti
and Madri. Their names are Yudhishthira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and
Sahadeva.

Kauravas

Kauravasare the 100 sons of the King of Hastinapur, Dhritarashtra, and his
wife Gandhari.

Duryodhan
a

Duryodhana was the eldest of theKauravas and contended with Pandavas


for the throne of Hastinapur

Dronachary
a

Dronacharya was the martial guru of Kauravas and Pandavas.

Kunti
Draupadi

Kunti is the mother ofKarnaand the Pandava brothers Yudhistra, Bhima


and Arjuna.She and Draupadi are regarded as the female protagonists of
Mahabharata.
Wife of the 5 Pandava brothers

Main Characters

Context
Who am I and What place am I in?
Caste system defines dharma

Ashwatthama
STORYLINE
Son of Dronacharya, born after a long tapasya
(penance)
Born with a rudra (ruby) on his forehead,
Ashwatthama was part avatar of Lord Shiva and was
immortal
Trained in warfare and archery by Dronacharya along
Bhisma said to Duryodhana
with
Kauravas
Pandavas
Amongst theand
warriors
of both armies, there is no
one who can be regarded as his peer.

Sreyan sva-dharmo
vigunah
para-dharmat svanusthitat
sva-dharme nidhanam
sreyah

Fought along side Kauravas in the battle


Last commander in chief of Kauravas, anointed by
dying Duryodhana
Enraged by unfair means used by Pandavas,
Aswatthama attacked Pandavas camp at night, killing
the remaining sons of Pandavas
Cursed by Lord Krishna to roam the Earth forever
without any solace

Ashwatthama Leadership Traits


Learned

Short - Tempered

Courageous

Arrogant

Loyal

Self Serving

Strong Influencer

Dishonorable Conduct

Proponent of Peace

Unwise

Karna
Karna did not know who he was and
was struggling to define his identity,
to know his status No definite
position in society.
His story is filled with bitterness of
not reaching what he thought was his
status.
He grown up in the house of Suta: He
was found in a box with earrings and
gold and the armor of a Kshatriya.
Later on after many struggles he
learned that he was the eldest of the
Pandavas, the son of Kunti.

Insights on Karnas personality


1
2

Exhibition of war | Challenged Arjuna


I can do all that Arjuna has done

Cattle Inspection
Bhishma to Karna Thus loyal to the King do not live to ask whether the King be
alive []Your vaunted love for the king is nothing but a pretence.

Krishna asking him to join the Pandavas and offering all he has ever
wanted
What you ask is impossible. My whole life has been spent among the Sutas []
Do not try to persuade me.

Kunti told him she was her mother and urged him to become famous as a
warrior
Your story establishes me as a Kshatriyas in name only [] you come to me with
selfish motives [] I will never kill any of your sons but Arjuna.

The fight
Begging Arjuna : Fight according to the Dharma of battle

Dice Game
The wife of five husbands is no better than a stumper [] Strip them of their
finery

Karnas Leadership Traits


Loyalist (Stuck with Duryodhana), Fierce Warrior,
Courageous, Beneficent, Strategist
Dishonest (Parshuram example), Conflicted, Immoral,
Vengeful, Impulsive

O scion of the Bharata dynasty, whenever there is a decline in Dharma and


increase of adharma, then do I manifest Myself, or the protection of the pious,
the destruction of the evil-doers, and establishing virtue, I manifest Myself in
every age.

Son of Vasudeva- Kuntis Brother, Pandavas


Krishna
cousin
Called as Vasudeva; he lacked nothing, found
something good in everything, never fought
standing on ground
Mahabharata Doesnt have details of Krishnas
childhood & boyhood
Best Charioteer
Yadavas Clan- Killed Kamsa, Moved capital to
dwarka in Gujarat
Crowned his brother Balarama the king and
convinces him for alliance with pandavas
Political and Personal gains- for yadavas,
Kshatriyas

Roles Krishna Played


Teacher

Chariote
er

Friend

Krish
na
Political
reformer

Mentor

Brother

Important events
Jarasandh killing in order to establish order and Perform Rajasuya yagya
Shishupala killing and attaining personal ambition of being called as
Vasudeva
Tried reconciliation, could not avoid war
Killing of Karna

Leadership traits
Focused, Goal
oriented

Compassionate

Skilled

Calm,
Persuasive

Charismatic

Compassionate

Uninvolved

Master
Strategist

Personality Comparison

Questions
Is higher goal more important than the path? Is it crucial to compromise
values/code of conduct for upholding righteousness?

Questions
The Mahabharata brings our duality in many personalities? Is duality important
trait of leaders? Can it be avoided? Should it be?

Questions
Why Krishna Is Relevant To todays Managers And Leaders? What
values/lessons can be adopted from Krishna in todays organizations
and leaders?
Till what extent can a leader be generous? Should he be generous even
if it compromises his/her organization?
Lets bring Ashwathamma and Karna to a modern organizational
context. The skills of a warrior represent their skills and knowledge to
navigate the market. Which one would you prefer as a leader? Why?