r

a
Rad
Radio Direction Finding

Defending the Nation

Radar Timeline Radar Facts Radar Diagrams and Activities .

The Lufftwaffe target radar stations in an attempt to ‘blind’ Britain. making it difficult for the Germans to detect when and where the invasion would take place. 1940. 1935 1937 1939 ‘The Biggin Hill Experiment’.F. 17 new radar stations were added to the ‘Chain Home’ stations along the English coast. naval base at Pearl Harbour. The signals were ignored! Aluminium strips were dropped by British aircraft while bombing Hamburg. 1941 1943 1945 Radar Jamming sets were used extensively during the build up to D-Day. The German Navy created a workable radar set in 1934. Practical tests of radar made with the R.S. August. These strips caused severe interference on German radar screens.Radar – Interesting Facts Radar in the Pacific detected Japanese planes that were about to attack the U. .A. The British began experiments using RDF (radio direction-finding) equipment.

These signals would be bounced back to radar receiving stations. . Enemy aircraft were shown as ‘blips’ on a radar screen. Signals would be beamed across the English Channel from radio transmitters. height and distance from the British coastline of any enemy raid.The "Radar Stations" were Britain’s first line of defence. They helped to detect enemy aircraft before they reached the British Isles. position. These ‘blips’ could give a fairly accurate picture of the size.

on a long flat line. distance and height of aircraft could be calculated. This information was passed on to the Operations Room. Fighter Planes were scrambled and a Fighter Controller would then direct those planes to the target. From this the approximate direction. or peak. If the signal meets an object (an aeroplane) the radio signal will be reflected back to a receiver.How Radar Works A transmitter gives out a radio signal into the air in short bursts. 20 40 60 Target Echo Pulse – Over the 60 mark means the aircraft are 60 miles away. This will show up on a radar screen as a jump. .

Click on the screen to follow the flow of information Information received from radar receiving stations Filter Room at Fighter Command HQ begins to plot the enemy raids Information is passed to Group Headquarters The Observer Corps pass on additional information to Controllers as enemy aircraft are sighted Squadrons are scrambled as necessary and guided to enemy aircraft by Controllers .

although appearing fragile. * Radar was originally called RDF – Radio .Radar masts had receiver aerials that could be up to 350ft-high. Dover Chain Home Station Radar stations aimed to pick up signals over the English Channel. The masts. presented a difficult target for the Luftwaffe to hit.

became a key target for the Luftwaffe during the Battle of Britain.” . This seems a fateful decision. Dover and Ventnor. These were difficult targets to hit because of their small size. Rye. Three out of the four stations were fully operational again by the end of the day. 12th August – 14 Luftwaffe Bf109’s attacked radar stations that included Pevensey. 15th August – Once again. Foreness Radar Station suffered the same fate and all three stations were out of action for most of the day. but Goering was determined to put all of his efforts into targeting Britain’s main airfields instead “in view of the fact that not one of those (radar stations) attacked has so far been put out of action. 16th August – Goering decreed that no further effort should be wasted on attacking British radar stations. Pevensey and Rye Radar Stations were affected when Luftwaffe bombs severed main power lines. not surprisingly.Radar Stations.

Can you mark on the direction of flow of information? Airfield Observer Corps Group HQ ‘Sector Operations Room’ Fighter Command HQ Radar Stations .

Can you mark on the direction of flow of information? Airfield Observer Corps Group HQ ‘Sector Operations Room’ Fighter Command HQ Radar Stations .

These were Britain’s first line of defence.Place the correct information into the empty boxes. height and distance of enemy formations Radar Masts . RDF The Luftwaffe found it extremely difficult to target and hit these. position. Operators Radar was originally known as Radio Direction Finding Radar Stations These could often estimate size.

What can you remember about Radar and how it was used during World War Two? .

Write a short paragraph. Describe the defensive system that existed to protect Britain from air attack? Radar Groups Observers Plotters Squadrons .