TEACHER’S ROLES

AS A COUNSELLOR
Prepared by:
Alexandra Joachim
Nur Hannan Haron
Khan

DEFINITION
Who is a COUNSELLOR?
• A person trained to give guidance on
personal or psychological problems
(Oxford Dictionary)
• ‘…delivered by trained practitioners
who work with people over a short or
long term to help them bring about
effective change or enhance their
wellbeing.’ (British Association for
Counselling and Psychotherapy)

ROLES OF A COUNSELLOR
Establish good
rapport with
external bodies,
NGO (police, JKM,
LPPKM, Pejabat
Agama Islam)
Help the student to
understand inner
self (potential) and
his social
relationship

Carry out individual
and group
counselling

Plan motivational
program for
students and staff

Help the students
to maximize his
potential and
capability

Provides the
students
information to
parents and
administrators on
the students’ wellbeing

DEFINITION
Who is a TEACHER?
• A teacher is a person who delivers
knowledge, assesses and facilitates
students’ participation in teaching
and learning process
• Teacher is someone who gives
anything which is good, positive,
creative and developing humankind
without expecting any rewards (AlGhazali)

TEACHER’S ROLE AS A COUNSELLOR

1. Collecting Students’ Information
• What are students’ information?
– Background knowledge
– Students’ potential
– Academic Achievement/performance
– Behaviour

• Purpose:
– Record students development over the years
– Collaborate with the school’s counsellor and
administrator
– Reflect the students’ performance

Methods of collecting students’ information:
1. Test technique
- Used to test or diagnose students’ aptitude,
interest, achievement, personality and etc…
- Objective
- Formal
2. Non-test technique
- To gather information about students in a more
comprehensive and holistically
- Subjective
- Informal

Test Technique
Non-test
Technique

Achievement
Test
Aptitude Test
Personality
Test
Career Test
Attitude Test

Observation
Interview
Document
Analysis

2. Identifying Students’ Problems
Interpersonal Conflict
• Students who have communication problems with
their parents, teachers and peers
Intrapersonal Conflict
• Students who have problems in making decision
need clear information to the alternative solutions
of their problem
Lack of Self awareness
• Students who want to know more about themselves
regarding ability, strength and interest.

Lack of skills
• Students need to learn different skills
for instance effective ways of learning,
assertive behaviour, effective listening
skill
Lack of information on career
• Students need more information about
career opportunities and how to
succeed.

According to Thomas Achenbach
(1992), there are 4 categories of
students’ behavioural problem:
1) Internalizing behaviour
2) Externalizing behavior
3) Social, Attention and Mental
problem
4) Other problems

INTERNALIZING BEHAVIOUR
• This happens when students
suppress their emotion within
themselves
• 3 types of internalizing behaviours:
– Somatic problems : tiredness, nausea,
headache, dizziness
– Withdrawn : shy, daydreaming, sulking,
sad,
– Paranoid : crying, scared, lonely, worry,
guilt

EXTERNALIZING PROBLEM
• Emotional problem that are shown
through behaviour
• Delinquent behaviour – lying,
cursing, playing truant, stealing,
vandalism
• Aggressive behaviour – yelling, showoff, mocking, black mailing, hottempered, attention seeker

SOCIAL, ATTENTION AND
MENTAL PROBLEM
• Social problem

– does not act their age
– Lack of social skill
– Clumsy
– Mingle with younger people

• Mental problem
– Hallucinating (hearing and seeing
things)
– Weird, out of norm, unacceptable
behaviour

• Attention problem
– Hyperactive
– Short attention span
– Daydreaming
– Slow learner

OTHER PROBLEMS





Sleep talking
Nightmares
Eating disorder
Suicidal
Nail biting
Speech problem/stutter

Teacher as a Counsellor
Helping
students in
adjusting to
their
surrounding
Solving
students’
learning
problem

Helping
students in
their studies

Giving
awareness of
the importance
of education

Helping
students in
making
rational
decision

Helping the
students with
their learning
routine

Referring the
students to the
school
counsellor

Cooperating
with school
counsellor

Filling in the
001 card
(primary
school)

Cooperating
with parents

FACTORS LEAD TO
MISBEHAVIOUR
AMONG STUDENTS

BIOLOGICAL FACTOR
Genetic, biochemistry

SOCIETY FACTOR
Bullying, withdrawal, low-self esteem

ENVIRONMENT FACTOR

Trauma which affects the students’ self
development
Students are prone to be depressed and
pessimist