Logic, Reasoning

Knowledge and Truth

Dwi Gunarti
Hilda Octavia
Rifki Irawan

Contents 1. 4. 2. 3. Logic Reasoning Knowledge Truth .

1. Logic .

Reasoning .2.

Knowledge .3.

Knowledge A. Kinds of Knowledge E. Factors Influencing Knowledge .3. Differences between Science and knowledge C. Sources of Knowledge D. Definitions of Knowledge B.

either well-tested into science or untested (Subandi Al Amrsudi). • Knowledge is an event that makes the human becomes conscious (Heidegger) . (Soekidjo.A. Notoadmodjo 2003) • Knowledge is a truth received by man. Definitions of Knowledge • Knowledge is the result of "know" and this occurred after people perform sensing to a particular object.

. has not been compiled systematically as yet tried and tested. somebody who teaches the science is only for delivering the science.B. The teacher of science is a science itself. Differences between Science and knowledge Science Knowledge General Individual or Group Has been tested and assessed Hasn’t been tested and assessed yet Science is the knowledge that has been arranged in a systematic. The teacher of knowledge is one who has the knowledge.

C. Sources of Knowledge 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) The trust is based on tradition customs and religion Sensory / experience Intellect mind Individual Intuition .

D. Kinds of Knowledge Based on its form 1)Implicit Knowledge →Person’s experience 2)Explicit Knowledge → has been documented and stored Based on the sources 3)Empiric Knowledge → obtained by performing the observations made empirically and rationally 4)Rationalism knowledge → Obtained by thinking logically .

Education Information Social. Factors Influencing Knowledge 1. 5. 6.E. 3. Culture and Economic Environment Experience Age . 2. 4.

4. Truth .

Definitions of Truth B. Ways to Discover Truth . Kinds of Truth C.4. Truth A. Levels of Truth D. Theories of Truth According Philosophy E.

Sudarminta (2008 : 127) . (Aristoteles ) • The Correspondence between what human thinks and the real fact. Definitions of Truth • The appropriateness between what is claimed as an unknown with actual reality.A.

Epistemology Truth (Related to the knowledge) 2. Semantic Truth (Related to language and speech) . Kinds of Truth 1. Ontology Truth (Related to something that exist/is held) 3.B.

Levels of Truth Religious Truth Philosophical Truth Tru Scientific Truth th by Se nse .C.

Correspondence Theory Consistency Theory Pragmatic Theory Religious Theory . 2. 4. 3.D. Theories of Truth According Philosophy 1.

E. 2. Ways to Discover Truth 1. 4. 3. The Invention by incidental The invention by trial and error The Invention by authority The invention by critical thinking and rational .