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Course Code

MTH 321

By

Dr. Moiz ud Din khan

Professor of Mathematics

Lecture # 12

Lecture Outline

•• In

this Lecture we will define:

1.

2.

3.

•.

•.

a)

Sequence

Convergent sequence/divergent sequence

Limit of a sequence

We will prove that:

Let be a sequence in a metric space

converges to if and only if every neighborhood of contains all

but finitely many of the terms of

b) and if converges to and to then

c) converges, then is bounded.

d) and if is a limit point of then there is a sequence such that

• Sequence:

Definition: convergent Sequence .

•Definition : A sequence {} in a metric space is said to converge .

•Definition : A sequence {} in a metric space is said to converge • if there is a point with the following property: .

•Definition : A sequence {} in a metric space is said to converge • if there is a point with the following property: • For every there is an integer such that implies that • .

•Definition : A sequence {} in a metric space is said to converge • if there is a point with the following property: • For every there is an integer such that implies that • In this case we also say that {} converges to or that is the limit of {} . and we write .

•Definition : A sequence {} in a metric space is said to converge • if there is a point with the following property: • For every there is an integer such that implies that • In this case we also say that {} converges to or that is the limit of {} . and we write or .

•Definition : A sequence {} in a metric space is said to converge • if there is a point with the following property: • For every there is an integer such that implies that • In this case we also say that {} converges to or that is the limit of {} . and we write or .

and we write or • If {} does not converge.•Definition : A sequence {} in a metric space is said to converge • if there is a point with the following property: • For every there is an integer such that implies that • In this case we also say that {} converges to or that is the limit of {} . it is said to diverge .

• Examples: .

. .• Examples: 1.

. .• Examples: 1.

• Examples: 1. . .

.• Examples: 1. .

• Examples: 1. . .

.

.• Theorem. Let be a sequence in a metric space • converges to if and only if every neighborhood of contains all but finitely many of the terms of • Proof.

.

.

.

.

• Theorem. space • Proof. Let be a sequence in a metric and if converges to and to then .

.

.

.

.

• Theorem. Let be a sequence in a metric converges. space • Proof. then is bounded. .

.

.

.

Let be a sequence in a metric space If and if is a limit point of then there is a sequence such that • Proof.• Theorem. .

.

.

.

.

summery: • Lecture • In this Lecture have defined: 1. Limit of a sequence •. d) and if is a limit point of then there is a sequence such that . then is bounded. Sequence 2. Convergent sequence/divergent sequence 3. Let be a sequence in a metric space a) converges to if and only if every neighborhood of contains all but finitely many of the terms of b) and if converges to and to then c) converges. We have proved that: •.

THANK YOU .

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