UNIT-5

CAPP
COMPUTER
AIDED
PROCESS
PLANNING

PROCESS PLAN .

Process Planning .

BASIC PROCESS IN DEVELOPING A PROCESS PLAN .

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DETAILS IN PROCESS PLANNING .

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DIFFICULTIES WITH TRADITIONAL PROCESS PLAN  The experienced process planner may retired. or leaves the company then finding a suitable process planner is difficult .

AUTOMATED PROCESS PLANNING   This system offers the potential for reducing the routine clerical work of manufacturing engineers. it provides the opportunity to generate production routings which are rational. Generative CAPP systems . There are:  1. At the same time.Retrieval-type  CAPP systems (also called variant systems) 2. and perhaps even optimal. consistent.

. distinguished according to their manufacturing characteristics For each part family.RETRIEVAL-TYPE CAPP SYSTEMS    In this approach. a standard process plan is established. the parts produced in the plant are grouped into part families. The standard process plan is stored in computer files and then retrieved for new workparts which belong to that family.

PREPARATORY STAGE OF Retrieval PROCESS PLANNING Part Drawing GT Coding Family One Family Formation Process Plan Standard Plan File (Indexed by Family Matrix) .

USING OF RETRIVEL TYPE PROCESS PLANNING Coding Family Search Editing Standard Plan Retrieval Standard Plan File .

editing of the existing process plan may be required. The machine routing may be the same for the new part."      For some new parts. are sometimes also called by the name "variant system. Because of the alterations that are made in the retrieved process plan. This is done when the manufacturing requirements of the new part are slightly different from the standard." . The complete process plan must document the operations as well as the sequence of machines through which the part must be routed."VARIANT SYSTEM. but the specific operations required at each machine may be different.

VARIANT CAPP .

VARIANT CAPP .

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.GENERATIVE –TYPE CAPP   Instead of retrieving and editing an existing plan contained in a computer data base. the process sequence is planned without human assistance and without a set of predefined standard plans. In a fully generative CAPP system. a GENERATIVE SYSTEM creates the process plan based on logical procedures similar to the procedures a human planner would use.

An expert system is a computer program that is capable of solving complex problems that normally require a human with years of education and experience.  A Generative CAPP system is usually considered part of the field of expert systems. a branch of artificial intelligence. .

STEP-1   The technical knowledge of manufacturing and the logic used by successful process planners must be captured and coded into a computer program." . In an expert system applied to process planning. the knowledge and logic of the human process planners is incorporated into a so-called "knowledge base.

This description contains the pertinent data needed to plan the process sequence. Two possible ways of providing this :   (1) the GEOMETRIC MODEL of the part that is developed on a CAD system duing product design and (2) a GT code number of the part that defines the part features in significant detail. .SECOND STEP:    Generative process planning is a computercompatible description of the part to be produced.

 By using its knowledge base and inference engine. .  the CAPP system uses its knowledge base to solve a specific Problem planning  problem-solving procedure is referred to as the "interface engine” in the terminology of expert systems.THIRD STEP :  capability to apply the process knowledge and planning logic contained in the knowledge base to a given part description. the CAPP system synthesizes a new process plan from scratch for each new part it is presented.

logical. and optimal than its manual counterpart.  The process plans will be consistent because the same computer software is being used by all planners. Computer-automated preparation of operation routings is more likely to be consistent. Process rationalization.CAPP: Advantages 1. .  The process plans tend to be more logical and optimal because the company has presumably incorporated the experience and judgment of its best manufacturing people into the process planning computer software.

 CAPP systems employ standard text. 4. 5. the process planner is able to prepare a route sheet for a new part in less time compared to manual preparation  This leads to an overall reduction in manufacturing lead time.IMPROVED LEGIBILITY. with the CAPP system. fewer errors are made.  3.  The process planning system can be designed to operate in conjunction with other software packages to automate many of the time-consuming manufacturing support functions. With computer-aided process planning.Increased productivity of process planners. and the planners have immediate access to the process planning data base. which facilitates interpretation of the process plan in the factory. .  The computer-prepared document is neater and easier to read than manually written route sheets. Incorporation of other application programs.2.Reduced turnaround time.  These benefits translate into higher productivity of the process planners. there is reduced clerical effort.