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A Design and Fabrication of Tractor

Rear Loader

Presented By:-Mr. Hadawale Sunil E.


[B.E (Mechanical Engg.)]
Akole, (Lingdev)
Ahmadnagar.

1.

Introduction

1. This prototype was created to help eliminate the need for


an added machine.
2. The tractor while providing Quick Disconnect features.
3. The load capacity is 120 kg to 150kg and has enough lift
to be able to put loads of mulch, soil and gravel.
4. Lifting height 5 to 8 fits
Day to day front bucket are used.
This bucket required hydraulic actuator.
Rear bucket are no any extra requirement.
Simple construction.

2.

Problem Statement

Design
Design For
For
testing
testing &
&
Validation
Validation

Front
Front bucket
bucket
used
used special
special
purpose.
purpose.

Overcome
Overcome this
this
remedies
remedies to
to used
used
rear
rear bucket.
bucket.

Required
Required extra
extra
attachment(actua
attachment(actua
tor,
tor, linkage
linkage
etc)
etc)

Not
Not possible
possible
attached
attached every
every
tractor
tractor due
due to
to
cost.
cost.

3.

Problem Objective

Objective

1. Avoid human
effort.
2. Reduce extra
hydraulic system.
3. Reduce cost.
4. Simple
engagement &
disengagement.
5. Replace hydraulic
by mechanical
linkage.

4.

Methodology

Select material.
Design bucket & other
parameter. (beam)
Check design in
Analysis software.
Manufacture
actual model.

Testing.
Analysis
Result

Cont...
Project Selection on parameter
1.custemer need ,2.survey of agriculture

Considering Parameter
1.w=100-130kg,
2. input=hydrulic power

A
Arjun(605)
1.power capacity=55hp
2.temp=40-600 c
3.speed effect=10-15%
==

Material Selection
1. material 2.strength 3.stress 4.%elongation

Detail/Result Analysis

1.by
mathematical/experiment
2.by software
Why Select Tractor Directly
back sidehydrulic system is available each tractor

Tractor Model
1. arjun(605) 55hp=800-900 kg
2.mahindra (575) 43.7hp=500-550Kg
3.swaraj(744) 47hp=500-600 Kg
4.sonalika(855) 55hp=750-850kg

Result

Implementation

5.

Gap Identification

PARAMET

FRONT

REAR

HYDRAULIC

USED

NO

ATTACHEMENT

MORE

SIMPLE

LINKAGE

MORE

LESS

COST

MORE

LESS

TIME

LESS

MORE

ER

6.

Bucket

Design

Beam

Lever

Component
s

Supportin
g system

a.

Design of Bucket

Sr no. Designation Condition

20 Mn 2

Sheets
strip
Softened

Tensile

Yield

strength

strength

N/mm2

N/mm2

&

480
550

BHN

300 320

Dimension of the
bucket is
L= 864 mm
W= 604.5 mm
H= 305 mm

b.

Design of Beam

Material: Alloy steel


Assume, length of AB section is 496 mm,
Fig- Beam
Length of DE section is 948 mm.
=2365 mm

Length of BC section is 723 mm


Total Length of the beam

Function:- Support to the bucket and providing up-down motion by using


hydraulic power of tractor

Cont.
Selection of Pin
Material:
Mild Steel
Main Diameter:
15 mm
Collar
Diameter: 20
mm
Fig- Beam

Collar Length=5
mm
Total
Length= 90
mm

c.

Design of Lever

Sr. no

Operation

Machine used

Tool used

Variou
s
Proces
s of
create
lever

Time in min.

description

Marking

Scale

By hand

10

Cutting

Cutting

Grinder

15

machine

cutter

Bending

Bending

machine

15

d.

Design of Support System

Material : -Alloy Steel


Function:-Providing up and down motion of beam with the
help of tractor hydraulics system.

7.

Assembly

Assembly of Rear Loader

8.

Working

Actual
Working

When tractor hydraulic support connected to the beam


with the help of pins. The bucket up-down motion as per
requirement by using hydraulics arm when the arm push
front side at time bucket goes on up and arm pull backside
at time bucket goes on down motion.
When bucket goes on down and tractor give to rear
motion the bucket fill on particular material like, silica,
stone crush, agricultural waste material and bucket lift on
up side by using hydraulic power then the use spring lock
system and lever and bucket disengage from beam. And
total material goes on tractor trolley or truck, empty space.
Then the tractor goes on front motion and bucket give to
down at time bucket are engage automatically by using
spring return force and it also ready to fill material on
bucket to tractor rear motion.

9.

BOM
Sr. No.

Description

Material

Quantity

bucket

Alloy steel

01

Beam

Alloy steel

01

lever

Alloy steel

01

Support system

Alloy steel

01

Ball joint

Alloy steel

02

Spring

hard drawn steel

01

wire
7

Pin

Alloy steel

04

Cotter pin/ lock pin

Alloy steel

06

Nut

Alloy steel

03

10

Bolt

Alloy steel

03

10.

Analysis of Beam
Sr.

Minimum

no Stress [MPa]

Maximu
m
[MPa]

4.2168e-010

137.86

Fig1.Equivalent Stresses
of Beam

Fig 2.Total
Deformation of Beam
Sr.

Minimum

Maxim

no

Deform

um

[mm]

[mm]

18.522

11.

Advantages

12.

Limitations

13.

Future Scope

Use the hydraulic actuator which are replace by the spring.


The purpose of hydraulic actuator is increase the depth of
the bucket at the timing of working and also for the up-down
and right-left motion.

Replace the beam in three-four section. The height of the


bucket is depends on the length of the beam. So some tractor
are require less height and some have required more height
that way use adjustable beam to satisfy the requirement.

14.

Applications

It is used in mostly construction of buildings


like fill the sand, stone, crush and cements to
the mixture machine .
It is used in also manufacturing of bricks in
bricks industries.
It is used in also agriculture like fill the cow
dung to the tractor trolley.
It is use to handle construction material like
brick, crush, sand.

CONCLUSION
After the manufactured the rear bucket then we conclude
the
1. The simplicity of mechanism is giving flexibility of its
effective use. This mechanism is working properly.
2. The rear bucket can also use various application such as
construction, agriculture and mining.
3. This bucket is suitable for all tractors.
4. Avoid human effort in construction and agricultural
area.
5. Lifting capacity depend on the tractor hydraulic
capacity.

REFERENCES
1] Dhaval Kumar A Patel, Bhavesh P Pate and Mehul Kumar A Patel ,A Critical Review On
Kinematics Of Hydraulic Excavator Backhoe Attachment,Vol. 4, No. 2, April 2015,
pp.189-203
2] Bhaveshkumar P. Patel, - Jagdish M. Prajapati, Evaluation Of Bucket Capacity, Digging
Force Calculations And Static Force Analysis Of Mini Hydraulic Backhoe Excavator,
machine design, Vol.4(2012) No.1, ISSN 1821-1259 , pp. 59-66
3] Bhaveshkumar P. Patel and J. M. Prajapati , A Review on FEA and Optimization of
Backhoe Attachment in Hydraulic Excavator, IACSIT International Journal of
Engineering and Technology, Vol. 3, No. 5, October 2011, pp.505-511
4] V. B. Bhandari, design of machine elements, Tata McGraw hill publishing company,
eighth edition (2003).
5] Design Data Book, compiled by PSG College of technology, published by Kalaikathir
Achchagan (COIMBATORE-India),pp-1.17-1.19

Thank
you!!