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Know Your

Nutraceuticals

Major Classes of Nutrients

Protein
Minerals
Water
Vitamins
Fat

Carbohydrates

FEEDS AND FODDER FOR DAIRY ANIMALS


Roughages

Concentrates

Additives

Supplement

About CalSagar-Plus
Positioning statement- More Calcium Per Dose
Scientific reason- Based on NRC requirement
1.2 grams calcium lost per litre milk in cows
2.1 grams calcium lost per litre milk in buffaloes
Raw material used- High bioavailable DCP used with coated
Vitamin D3 and herbs
Herbal galactogogues increase milk let down decrease cases
of mastitis and teat injury
Lowest dose rate with best results
To be supplemented with cattle feed only

Comparison with competitors

Only calcium supplement for cattle in granular form


The lowest dose rate and cost per dose in market
Trial done at Ranchi and Lucknow farms in cows and buffaloes
CalSagar-Plus was found to be superior to liquid feed
supplements

Indications

Supportive therapy in milk fever


For increasing milk yield in early lactation
For increasing lactation length and sustain milk yield in stress
conditions

Vitamins, Minerals and Their


Role in Dairy Animal
Production and Reproduction

Zinc deficiency

Zinc deficiency in a cow. Parakeratosis of skin

Zinc deficiency

Copper deficiency

Copper deficiency
Normal

Cu deficiency

One month
after copper
supplementati
on

Fluorine toxicity

Selenium toxicity. Malformation of hooves

Goitre in a calf. Enlargement of thyroid gland

Need for region specific mineral


mixture
Meets the region wise specific mineral
requirements of animals
Avoids mineral toxicity to animals
Alleviates promptly the precise
nutritional disorders of animals
Prevents wastage of minerals

Mineral antagonism

Two principal forms carotene and retinol


Required for normal vision, reproduction and bone development
Required for normal epithelization
Deficiency: Blindness, night blindness, poly-neuritis, hind legs
paralysis, defective bone shape and reduced fertility retained
placenta and still births.
Toxicity: Hair loss and dermatitis

Two principal forms cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) or ergo


calciferol (vitamin D2)
Enhances Ca and Phosphorus absorption and metabolism
and bone development.
Deficiency leads to rickets (bow legs-knock knees)

Mostly present in form of Tocopherol


Important for immunity, antioxidant and for reproduction
Supplementation of Vitamin E reduces mastitis
Deficiency leads to reproductive failure, white muscle
disease and encephalomalacia in chicks

Required for blood clotting

Deficiency leads to prolonged blood clotting time,


low prothrombin, intramuscular bleeding, general
hemorrhage, hemorrhage under the skin, anemia.

Also called as Riboflavin


Potent Antioxidant, Energy metabolism
Necessary for synthesis for other vitamins
Important for body growth
Deficiency leads to alopecia, heavy salivation, poor
growth, cataracts, anemia, stiff crooked legs, foetal
death, reduced fertility, diarrhea, anal mucosa
inflammation.
In chicks leads to curled toe paralysis

Also called as Niacin


Metabolism of fat, protein and carbohydrates
Necessary in young calves
Prevent ketosis
Deficiency leads to Bowed legs, diarrhea, general
dermatitis, anorexia, hind legs paralysis, GI ulceration
In chickens related to tryptophan deficiency leads to
bowing of legs and enlargement of hock joint.

Also called as Pantothenic acid


Assist in energy and amino acid metabolism
Part of enzyme Coenzyme A
Deficiency leads to dermatitis around eye and muzzle,
rough hair coat and depressed immunity
In chickens leads to dermatitis and liver atrophy

Also called as Pyridoxine


Involved in protein metabolism
Deficiency leads to dermatitis around the eyes, fatty
liver, ataxia, convulsions, diarrhea, depressed immune
system
Chicks may run about aimlessly

Also called as Folic acid/Folacin


Most important for RBC synthesis
Also of part several enzyme reactions in body
Deficiency leads to poor growth, anemia, poor skin
condition, reduced fertility
Young calves are more susceptible
In chicks leads to perosis and anaemia

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Also called as Cobalamin / Cyanocobalamin


Presence of Cobalt in chelation with protein
Needed for RBC synthesis
Required for methionine and glucose synthesis
Deficiency leads to loss of appetite, anaemia, rough
hair coat
Same for birds

What is choline?

Choline is trimethylated quaternary amine involved with


transport of fat from liver.
In past choline was classified as vitamin B, however it does
not satisfy the definition of vitamins.
Because;
Not involved in the enzyme system.
Its requirement is in grams rather than milligrams.

Not synthesize in animal body.

Choline is required for/crucial to;


1) Brain, Normal nerve transmission and neuromuscular
signaling.
2) Synthesis of phospholipids i.e. component of cell wall.
3) Important of fat mobilization form liver

Choline deficiency leads to;


1) FLKS (Fatty Liver and Kindney Syndrome)
2) Perosis in poultry

Rumen Digestion and Role of


Bypass Fat in Energy Deficiency in
Dairy Animals

Goudhara-Shakti
and
Gousac

CHANGES IN MILK YIELD, BODYWEIGHT AND APPETITE OF DAIRY COWS


THROUGHOUT THE LACTATION CYCLE

MONTHS AFTER CALVING

CALVING
MILK YIELD

APPETITE

CALVING
BODYWEIGHT

Fat digestion (Normal fat)

Rumen
Hampered
fiber
digestion
Normal Fat
Rumen Bacteria

Engulfment
of bacteria by
fat

Low Milk
Fat

Bypass Fat digestion

Rumen
Abomasm
Fat is absorbed
in small
intestine

Bypass Fat
Rumen Bacteria

Fat

Calcium

Anorexia
Primary

Physiological
causes

Secondary

Ruminal
dysfunction

Early lactation

Acidosis

Changeover of feed

Antibiotic therapy

Heat stress

Pathological
causes
Fever

Need for product


In ruminants, microbial digestion plays an very
important role.
In India dairy animals are reared on poor quality feed
Traditional feeding practices leads to imbalance of
essential nutrients
Change in feeding practices or digestive diseases ruminal microflora balance get disturbed.
Resulting in less or no feed intake (Anorexia).
Less nutrients supply for production & reproduction.

Superiority of Gousac
over others
100 billion cfu of yeast per dose Highest in India.
Not in bolus form, no compression, no death of yeast
cells.
Available in sachets as free flowing powder
convenient & easy to administer.
Highly economical when compared with the boluses.

Advantages over other products


100 billion cfu of yeast per dose Highest in India
Gousac is in free flowing powder form which ensures
a high count of live and active yeast cells.
Gousac contains nutrilytes along with yeast which
help in improving ruminal digestion.
Highly economical compared with other products.

Special Nutrition Needs


For
Transition Period

What is Transition Period

The transition period begins three to four weeks


prepartum and continues until three to four weeks
postpartum.

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Critical period for Health, Production and Reproduction

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Benefits:

4P is a multi nutrient feed supplement for transition period

4P reduces stress levels during transition period in dairy


animals

There is a reduction in production related problems like mastitis


and cessation of milk through udder development

Prevents drop in milk yield during peak period of lactation

Reduces chances of ROP

Improves digestibility and increases dry matter intake


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Use of 4P:
During Transition period- One month before parturition to one
month after parturition
To bridge the gap in the level of nutrients present in the feed and
the actual requirements for the pregnant cow/buffalo
For better productivity and profitability in a dairy farm

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Dosage: Cow, Buffalo: 100g/day/animal or as advised by the


veterinarian/nutritionist
Period of supplementation: From one month before parturition to
one month after parturition in cows and buffaloes.
Method of supplementation: To be mixed properly with cattle
feed or concentrate
Presentation:

100 gram pack

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