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Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Topic 1
Anatomy

Anatomy
1.2.1 Outline the general characteristics
common to muscle tissue

Sub-topics

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

Contractility: ability of the muscle to


shorten.
Extensibility: ability of muscle to
lengthen.
Elasticity: ability of muscle to return to
normal size.
Atrophy: is the wasting of muscle tissue
Hypertrophy: is the increase in size of
muscle tissue.
Controlled by nerve stimuli.

IB
Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Topic 1
Anatomy

Sub-topics

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

Anatomy
1.2.1 Outline the general characteristics
common to muscle tissue

IB
Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Anatomy
1.2.1 Outline the different
characteristics common to muscle
tissue.

Topic 1
Anatomy

Sub-topics

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

Read the handout and highlight main


points to extend your understanding of the
different characteristics common to muscle
tissue.

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Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Anatomy
1.2.2 Distinguish between the different
types of muscle

Topic 1
Anatomy

Sub-topics

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

Smooth
Cardiac
Skeletal
Read and make extra notes on the handout
provided to ensure you are able to
distinguish between the different types of
muscle.

IB
Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Anatomy
1.2.3 Annotate the structure of skeletal
muscle

Topic 1
Anatomy

Sub-topics

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

Epimysium: The fibrous sheath around


an entire skeletal muscle.
Perimysium: The sheath of connective
tissue surrounding a bundle of muscle
fibers.
Endomysium: The fine connective tissue
sheath surrounding a muscle fiber.
Myofibril: the muscle fibers are filled with
cylindrical structures called myofibrils.
These contain the myofilaments whose
action is responsible for the contraction of

IB
Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Topic 1
Anatomy

Sub-topics

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

Anatomy
1.2.3 Annotate the structure of skeletal
muscle

IB
Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Anatomy

Topic 1
Anatomy

1.2.3 Annotate the structure of skeletal


muscle

Sub-topics

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

There are 2 kinds of myofilaments:


(Thick and Thin)

Myosin: thick filaments


Actin: thin filaments
A unit of thick and thin filaments is known
as a Sarcomere.
These structures hold the key to muscle
contraction. Because of the staggered
thin and thick filaments it has the effect
as one might pull a rope towards oneself
hand over hand.

IB
Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Topic 1
Anatomy

Sub-topics

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

Anatomy
1.2.3 Annotate the structure of skeletal
muscle

IB
Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Topic 1
Anatomy

Anatomy
1.2.3 Annotate the structure of skeletal
muscle

Sub-topics

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

Complete the Overview of Muscles


worksheet to test your knowledge.

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Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Topic 1
Anatomy

Sub-topics

Anatomy
1.2.5 Identify the location of skeletal
muscles in various regions of the body

Anterior: deltoid, pectoralis, iliopsoas,


sartorius, quadriceps femoris (rectus
femoris, vastus intermedialis, vastus
medialis, vastus lateralis), tibialis anterior,
abdominus rectus, external obliques and
biceps brachaii.

Posterior: trapezius, triceps, latissimus


dorsi, gluteus maximus,hamstrings
(biceps femoris, semitendinosis,
semimembranosus), gastrocnemius,
soleus, erector spinae.

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

IB
Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Topic 1
Anatomy

Anatomy
1.2.5 Identify the location of skeletal
muscles in various regions of the body

Sub-topics

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

Baileybio.com

IB
Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Topic 1
Anatomy

Anatomy
1.2.5 Identify the location of skeletal
muscles in various regions of the body

Sub-topics

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

Baileybio.com

IB
Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Topic 1
Anatomy

Anatomy
1.2.5 Identify the location of skeletal
muscles in various regions of the body

Sub-topics

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

Complete the worksheet on the


muscles of the Hip, Thigh and Leg.

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Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Topic 1
Anatomy

Anatomy
1.2.4 Define the terms origin and
insertion of muscles

Sub-topics

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

Origin: the attachment of a muscle


tendon to a stationary bone.
Insertion: the attachment of a
muscle tendon to a moveable bone.
e.g. Action of biceps brachii: Scapula
is origin (Proximal point) and radius
is the insertion (distal point).

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Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Topic 1
Anatomy

Anatomy
1.2.4 /1.2.5 State the origin and
insertions of named muscles

Sub-topics

1. The Skeletal
System

Complete a table detailing the origin


and insertion of the muscles from the
slides that follow.

Add in the other major muscles to


your table including their origin and
insertion points.

2. The Muscular
System

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Sports,
exercise and
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science

Topic 1
Anatomy

Sub-topics

Anatomy
1.2.4 / 1.2.5 State the origin and
insertions of named muscles

Iliopsoas

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

http://www.scipion.hr/baza/upload/Image/iliopsoas1.jpg

IB
Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Topic 1
Anatomy

Anatomy
1.2.4 / 1.2.5 State the origin and
insertions of named muscles

Sub-topics

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

Sartorius

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Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Anatomy

Topic 1
Anatomy

1.2.4 / 1.2.5 State the origin and


insertions of named muscles

Sub-topics

1. The Skeletal
System

Quadriceps femoris (rectus femoris;


vastus intermedialis; vastus medialis;
vastus lateralis) & Tibialis anterior

2. The Muscular
System

Vastus intermedius is a deep muscle


that also originates on the femur.

www.web-books.com

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Sports,
exercise and
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science

Topic 1
Anatomy

Sub-topics

Anatomy
1.2.4 / 1.2.5 State the origin and
insertions of named muscles

External obliques

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

http://www.courses.vcu.edu/DANC291-003/ext.obl.jpg

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Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Anatomy
1.2.4 / 1.2.5 State the origin and
insertions of named muscles

Topic 1
Anatomy

Sub-topics

Gluteus maximus

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

http://preventdisease.com/home/muscleatlas/213.jpg

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Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Anatomy
1.2.4 / 1.2.5 State the origin and
insertions of named muscles

Topic 1
Anatomy

Sub-topics

Hamstrings

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

http://www.geocities.com/HotSprings/Spa/4951/images/hamstrings.jpg

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Sports,
exercise and
health
science

Anatomy
1.2.4 / 1.2.5 State the origin and
insertions of named muscles

Topic 1
Anatomy

Sub-topics

Erector spinae

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

http://www.exrx.net/Graphics/ErectorSpinae.gif

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Sports,
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science

Anatomy
Revision Activity

Topic 1
Anatomy

Sub-topics

Complete the exam/test questions on Topic


1 Anatomy.

Explore the website below to clarify your


understanding of muscles and bones.

1. The Skeletal
System

2. The Muscular
System

http://www.getbodysmart.com/