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Sport Philosophy

Chapter five

Student Learning Objectives


Understand philosophy as a formal
field of study of Kinesiology &
Physical Education

1.

2. Understand how sport philosophy


contributes to the practice of sport
& physical education

Continue with SLOs


3.

Understand that philosophy


involves asking questions
posing challenges
searching for deeper meanings
4. Empiricism involves evaluating
for factual evidence that can be
measured,
seen, heard, felt, etc

Continue with SLOs


5. Understand the different

branches of philosophy in the


area of sport & PE

6. Identify with some philosophers


of science, education and
physical education

Continue with SLOs

7. Students should
understand the
philosophical differences
between games & play.

Why should we study Philosophy?


The definition of philosophy is the

study of wisdom, knowledge and the


truth. It poses several questions?
What do we know?
Why is it important that we

know it?
What is the process?

Give me an example
What do we know
Why is it important
What is the process

In Ms. Duke Simple Words

Is to let us pull the

blinders away from our


eyes, break with
conventional ideas &
follow new ideas.

What is the Importance in Studying


Philosophy of Physical Activity?
(Sport Philosophy)

It can help develop critical

thinking.
Some principles are based
on
logic and good judgment.

Critical Thinking

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6OLP
L5p0fMg&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oefm
PtsV_w4&feature=related

Continue
It helps develop well-reasoned

arguments.
It can help us become more
open minded.
It can makes us entertain,
examine, & accept new ideas,
theories, that might have been
ignored or rejected

Five Traditional Branches of


Philosophies

Idealism
Realism
Pragmatism
Naturalism
Existentialism

Idealism

Physical

Therapist
Plato
Reality
Mind &
Body

Your Textbook Calls Idealism - Dualism

The modern philosophers

call it Dualism
Persons are composed of
two substances: Body
and Mind.

Realism
Personal

Trainer
Aristotle
Scientific
Laws &
Methods
Scientific
Investigations

Pragmatism
Athletic

Director
Experienc
es
American
John
Dewey

Naturalism
Jean-Jacques

Rousseau
Each
students
goals
SelfEducation &
Self-Activity

Existentialism
Personal

Experienc
es &
Choices
Individua
l activities

Your Textbook
Ways to understand Body
and Mind

Materialism
Dualism
Holism like

Materialism

The Materialism believe


that all that exists is the
physical; no spiritual,
psychic. You study the
person as a movement
machine.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ELIB6O9zEQI

DUALISM
Mind & Body
Like what type of
traditional branch?
Idealism

Other Philosophies
Inductive

Students:

Reasoning
From
specific
develops a
general
principle

What

Inductive
reasons
make up a
sport?

Continue with Other Philosophies


Deductive

Reasoning
Starts with
general
principles and
then develops
specifics

What deductive

reasons you have


to believe that
chess is not a
sport?

Group Project

Sports
Characteristics
Athletic ability & skills
Physical defense
Competition
Physical Exertion
Governed by a set of
rules
Winning
A sport can be a game

Games Characteristics
Mild Physical Exertion
Limited skill
Luck
Recreational activity
Some rules change

them?
Enjoyment or
Entertainment
A game may not be a
sport

Hobbies & Competition


Hobbies
Activity or

interest
Done outside
ones regular job.
For fun
For Pleasure

Competition
Requires two parties,

but not necessary


against each other.
Can be done by
yourself
Surpassing a
performance
It can determine
winners and losers

Sports & Games


Motor skills are required to reach its

goal

Games are created by:


set of rules
specific goal to be achieved
limit the means that participants can

use to reach the goal

Textbook pages 142-143

Play & Duty in Sport


Play- Like
Duty-Like
Sport
Sport
We participate We do it for
Intrinsic value.
for the
We do it for
benefits, we do
the sake of
it for what it
does for us.
enjoyment.
Oprah
Ms. Duke

Values Promoted by the Field of


Physical activity
Depending on the goals, the
approach to Physical Activity is
different
Knowledge research scholarly

study
Activity related pleasure & Activity

related for fun like Mr. Pratts


hiking class

What Values are Promoted in


Physical Activity
Health Related
Physical Fitness
Name them

Motor Skills Name


Them

Health Related Physical Fitness


Four Components

Motor Skills

Do we as Professionals have
Responsibilities?

The National

Strength and
Conditioning
Association
(NSCA) Code
of Conduct

Do we as Professionals have
Responsibilities?
1. Non- Discriminate

On the basis of race, color, sex, age,


religion, or national origin.
2. What type of conduct?
Personally & professionally in a
manner that does not compromise
their professional responsibility
3. Truthful in what?
Education & Experience

Moral Values
High

School
Physical
Education
Teacher

Professional Knowledge and


Expertise

Ms. Perez

Kickboxin
g Class

Content Relative to Standards


Walk- Jog Class

Runners

10K
Walk-Joggers
5 Miles
Walkers 4
Miles

Delivery of
Instruction/Information
Mr. Mathis

Masters Class
@ SJSU
San Jose
Mercury News
Article Student
Behavior

The Way you Treat your Students


Ms. Duke

first year at
EVC dealing
with my
Vietnamese
students

Are we responsible to instill


certain values on our students,
players & clients?

History
Since the times of the

Greeks until today, we


have held our athletes,
coaches, educators
responsible for the
enhancement of ethical
behavior

Would you teach this to your athlete?


http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=VzeKiEtp0m0&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=UvEobeNfGcc
http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=ByNh-Q5jOic

AXIOLOGY
Is the concept that
teachers/coaches/
trainers should instill
certain values in our
students, athletes
and clients.

Ethics

Ethics The study of

moral values of oneself


or for the good of
others. In your own
words what is ethics?

Should Parents/Athletes /Coaches be


allowed to verbally abuse officials?
http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=ezZ2ZRfSsLY

Make Groups

Agree or Disagree

Examples of Ethical Choices

Should children be cut when trying for a

sport.

Should a coach teach an athlete how to

intimidate the opponent player?

Should an athlete be required to pass all

school subjects in order to play on an


athletics?

Ethical Behavior in Sport


Fair play playing within

the rules
Seeking to win within the
rules and not at all costs
Opponents should be
treated with respect

Ethical Behavior in Sport


Games are played as mutual

quests for excellence, is


intimidation inappropriate

Retribution for violent on

unfair action is never


acceptable.

George Sheehan
Internationally known

as the Runners
Philosopher in 1970s
& 1980s
He defined the right

brain as philosophic
and the left brain as
practical.

Dr. George Sheehan


Runners Philosopher

"Fitness has to be fun. If it is


not play, there will be no
fitness. Play, you see, is the
process. Fitness is merely the
product.
"Once you have decided that
winning isn't everything, you
become a winner.

http://www.georgesheehan.com/

Your Philosophy

What would be your philosophy?


1. As a high school teacher
- What are your goals?
2. As a club coach What is
your value about winning?
3. As a personal trainer
How long should you train
with the client

What would be your philosophy?


4. As an athletic trainer Playing
the player for the good of the
team/coach.
5. As a manager of Curves
Increasing the number of clients.
6. As a unemployed physical
education teacher What
philosophy does this person have?

Ms. Duke Philosophy


with the help of George Sheehan
"No matter how old I get, sports remain one of life's most rewarding experiences.

My movements become slower and slower, but the experience of the sport is
unchanged:
each game a drama, each game a challenge, each game stretching me in one way
or
another, and each sport movement telling me more about myself and others.

QUIZ
1. Give me an example of duty-like sport and
an example of play-like sport. Which
one reflects your philosophy?
2. Name one of the four components of
Health Related Physical Fitness and
name one component from Motor Skills.
What makes them different?