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MPU 2233:

Introduction :
Internet, World Wide Web
Chapter 1

Chapter Objectives
• Describe the Internet and its associated key terms
• Describe the World Wide Web and its associated key
• Identify the types and purposes of Web sites
• Discuss Web browsers and identify their purpose
• Define Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and the
standards used for Web development
• Discuss the use of Cascading Style Sheets in Web
• Describe tools used to create HTML documents
• Discuss the five phases of the Web development life cycle


What Is the Internet? • The Internet is a worldwide collection of computer networks that links millions of computers • A network is a group of two or more computers that are connected to share resources and information • The Internet backbone is a collection of highspeed data lines that connect major computer systems located around the world • An Internet Service Provider (ISP) is a company that has a permanent connection to the Internet backbone 3 .

What Is the Internet? 4 .

and other multimedia files • Web pages are pages of information on the Web • A Web site is a related collection of Web pages • A home page is the first document users see when they access a Web site 5 . sound. is the part of the Internet that supports multimedia and consists of a collection of linked documents • Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a set of rules for exchanging text.What Is the World Wide Web? • The World Wide Web. graphics. also called the Web.

What Is the World Wide Web? 6 .

which is a computer that stores and sends (serves) requested Web pages and other files • Publishing is copying Web pages and other files to a Web server 7 .Web Servers • Web pages are stored on a Web server. or host.

Web Site Types and Purposes • Electronic commerce (e-commerce) is the buying and selling of goods and services on the Internet 8 .

Mozilla Apple Safari. also called a browser. also called a link. Google Chrome • A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is the address of a document or other file accessible on the Internet – http://www. is an element used to connect one Web page to another Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 9 .htm • A hyperlink.Web Browsers • A Web browser.scsite. is a program that interprets and displays Web pages and enables you to view and interact with a Web page – Microsoft Internet Explorer.

Web Browsers 10 .

meaning you can create. or code. which is the authoring language used to create documents on the World Wide Web • HTML uses a set of special instructions called tags or markup to define the structure and layout of a Web document and specify how the page is displayed in a browser • HTML is platform independent. an HTML file on one type of computer and then use a browser on another type of computer to view that file as a Web page 11 .What Is Hypertext Markup Language? • Web pages are created using Hypertext Markup Language (HTML).

HTML Elements 12 .

13 . released 2014 • Word Wide Web Consortium (W3C) maintains HTML standards or specifications which are publicly available on its Web site. each of which expands the capabilities of HTML • The most recent version of HTML is HTML 5. • Most web developers follow the W3C standards.HTML Versions • HTML has gone through several versions.

• With Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). you write code that allows you to control an element within a single Web page or throughout the entire Web site – Recommended for large Web sites.Cascading Style Sheets • Until we get to Ch. • Appendix A in the back of the book provides you with a list of tags that we will use.8. we will use tags to style what your web page looks like. so that you change a style ONCE instead of on each of the 50 pages or more. 14 .

CoffeeCup HTML editor. edit parameters. as well as more advanced features such as color-coding for various HTML tags. such as Adobe GoLive. and spell checkers • An HTML object editor. change. We will use Notepad. menus to insert HTML tags. 15 . such as HTML. save. • An HTML text editor is a program that provides basic textediting functions. provides the additional functionality of an outline editor that allows you to expand and collapse HTML objects and properties.) There are some free ones out there. etc.Tools for Creating HTML Documents • A text editor is a program that allows a user to enter. and view graphics attached to the expanded objects • A WYSIWYG editor is a program that provides a graphical user interface that allows a developer to preview the Web page during its development (Adobe Dreamweaver. and print text.

Web Development Life Cycle 16 .

Web Site Design and Development 17 .

Web Site Design and Development • A linear Web site structure connects Web pages in a straight line • Appropriate if data needs to be read in a specific order. 18 .

19 .Web Site Design and Development • A hierarchical Web site structure connects Web pages in a tree-like structure • Works well if the main page has a table of contents page or an index to all other pages.

Web Site Design and Development • A webbed Web site structure has no set organization • Data doesn’t need any specific order. 20 .

and all other Web pages are linked individually to the home page 21 .Web Site Design and Development • A broad Web site is one in which the home page is the main index page.

22 .Web Site Design and Development • A deep Web site is one that has many levels of pages. requiring the user to click many times to reach a particular Web page • It is up to you as the designer to select the appropriate structure.

– Validate each web page thru the W3C markup validation service – Proofread content for grammar and spelling errors – Check all lists to make sure they aren’t broken – Test all forms and interactive elements – Test speed of all pages as they load – Print each page to see how printed pages look 23 . Testing should be comprehensive.Web Site Testing • Test a web site at various stages in the design process.

allows a user to accomplish his or her goals • Usability testing is a method by which users of a Web site or other product are asked to perform certain tasks in an effort to measure the product’s ease-of-use and the user’s perception of the experience 24 .Web Site Testing • Usability is the measure of how well a product. such as a Web site.

25 .Web Site Testing Example of some of the things you might put on a questionnaire for the user to complete as they are testing the web site.

Assignment 1 : Find a website that might interest you : 1.Summary of content: Name. IC Number. Section 26 .URL : 2.Title of website: 3.

9th • Step 1: Login your email add • Step 2 : Create Blog – choose limited • Step 3 : Start create your files • Step 4 : Publish/ Update/ Preview ! • Enjoy your free publications !!! • DUE DATE : FRIDAY.blogspot. 10 am 27 .Assignment 2: Creating My Own Blog • Create your own blog using free hosting ( www.