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evUvix wK ?

evUvixi mvnvh Avgiv


e`ywZK kwK Rgv Ki ivLZ
cvwi|
GB Kvib evUvix Lye
iZcb |
GUv UP , Mvox , BjKUwbK
hcvwZZ , BgviRx evwZ
BZvw`|

evUvixZ eeZ wKQy cwifvlv (Terminology)


fvBK mj (Voltaic Cell )
Voltaic Cell nQ KZKjv Dcv`vbi mgw hvnv eeZ nq
ivmvqwbK kw nBZ e`ywZK kwZ
icvwiZ KiZ|
wK wK Dcv`vb _vK ?
1) `yBwU BjKUvW ( wfb avZz wKsev avZe hM) |
2)BjKUvjvBwUK `eY hvnvZ BjKUWq wbgwZ
_vK|
evUvix (Battery)
GKwU evUvix nQ `yB ev ZZvwaK mshy fvBK mj
|
BjKUW (Electrode)
BjKUW nQ GKwU avZz wKsev avZe hM hvnvi AvQ
chv cwigvb BjKUb(wbMwUf BjKUW) A_ev chv

AvcwK iZ (Specific Gravity)

AvcwK iZ (Specific gravity ) nQ


Kvb Zij c`v_ mgvqZbi cvwb Acv
KZY fvix eySvq|
cvwbi AvcwK iZ nPQ ---- 1.000.
Lead-acid batteries -G eenvi Ki
mvjwdDwiK AvwmW |
hvnvi AvcwK iZ nPQ---- 1.835,
A_vr Dnv mgvqZY cvwb Acv 1.835 Y
fvix |
hnZy lead-acid battery-i BjKUjvBU
cvwb I mvjwdDwiK AvwmW Gi mg^q
MwVZ ZvB GB wgkbi AvwcwK

Avvhvi NUv Ampere-Hour


Avvqvi NUv ejZ gvU GK NUvq
we`yr cevnK eySvq |
Kvb evUvixi hw` I Ampere cevwnZ
nq H NUvq .
Ze Ampere-Hour = I H
GUv Kvb evUvix mwZ kw wb`kK

Auxiliary D.C Voltage Levels


Voltage
Circuit
- cvUk&b
220 VD.C and 110
VDC
wmg|
- BgviRw jvBwUs |
- AcviwUs
gKvwbR&g
- wUc Kqj I
KvwRs Kqj|
- gvBv-Iqf
48 V D.C.
cvUk&b Ges
Kwg&&DwbKkb|
- Uwjdvb
KwgDwbKkb|

jv-fvR wWwm wmg


wbwjwLZ Ask wbq MwVZ t
evUvix wmg PvRvimn
|
evm-evi Ges wW.wm
wWmwUweDkb wmg|
PvRvii iKwUdvBqvi mU
|

jv-fvR wWwm mvm GKwU


we`yr Dc-K`Z
wKwK KvR jvM ?
cvUKwUf wij Ges wUc
mvwKU
wigvU cwRkb KUvj|
wmMbvwjs |
wKQy mvwKU eKvii AcviwUs
gKvwbRgi PvjvBZ |
BKzcgUi BUvijwKs |
BgviRw jvBwUs wmg|

wW.wm we`yZi Drm


Drm

cqvM

wjW-AvwmW
viR
evUvix

AZxe
cqvRbxq
mvwKU

G.wm/wW.wm
iKwUdvqvi
mU

Kg
cqvRbxq
mvwKU

i wKQy ewk t
evUvix PvRvii eev AvQ 220 V, 110V, 48 V
Rb|
qvi wmj Kiv nq mg jvW 3 _K 5 NUv Pjvi Rb
n PvR Kiv nq vwUK PvRvi w`q Avevi wKQy wm
m_v AvQ|
vii mvwKU cUK&kb nPQ Over Current Tripping

m wmgi KUvj cvbj wbwjwLZ Mesuring Kiv nq


vm fvR
iU (PvRvi _K)
rrent .
Avjvgi eev AvQ t
e Alarm
ge Alarm
Alarm