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temperament,

risk-taking and mental


health on the
emergence of gambling: a
longitudinal
study of young people.
Murat Ycel.

Patraniche Chiril

Have you ever gamble?


Why?

About the article


- The research goal was to find factors
that can predict PG behavior in young
people.
- Its matter because over 1.6 billion
people are involved in gamble process.
- This study should help in intervention
and preventing PG.

The design of the study


The sample consisted of 156 adolescents (80
females and 76 males)
They measured the Temperament, risk-taking
behaviour, Symptoms and behavioural problems,
Parental gambling
The study was done in 3 steps:
- early adolescent with mean age 12.5years(0.4).
- mid-adolescent assessment mean age was 16.7
years(0.4 ).
- late-adolescent assessment with mean age of
18.8 years(0.5).

Study methods
How participants were selected?

Study methods
How participants were selected?
- 175 primary schools;

Study methods
How participants were selected?
- 175 primary schools;
- Total sample of 4587 students;

Study methods
How participants were selected?
- 175 primary schools;
- Total sample of 4587 students;
- 2479 students+parents;

Study methods
How participants were selected?
- 175 primary schools;
- Total sample of 4587 students;
- 2479 students+parents;
- EATQ-R select only 415 subjects;

Study methods
How participants were selected?
- 175 primary schools;
- Total sample of 4587 students;
- 2479 students+parents;
- EATQ-R select only 415 subjects;
- 245 students agreed with EAA;

Study methods
How participants were selected?
- 175 primary schools;
- Total sample of 4587 students;
- 2479 students+parents;
- EATQ-R select only 415 subjects;
- 245 students agreed with EAA;
- 175 participate in MAA;

Study methods
How participants were selected?
- 175 primary schools;
- Total sample of 4587 students;
- 2479 students+parents;
- EATQ-R select only 415 subjects;
- 245 students agreed with EAA;
- 175 participate in MAA;
- 156 in LAA;

Study methods
What they measured?:
- Socio-economic status;
-Temperament (Early- and Mid-Adolescent
assessments) with EATQ-R.
-Risk-taking behavior (mid-adolescent
assessment): YRBS;
-Symptoms and behavioral problems (Earlyand Mid-Adolescent assessment)
-Parental gambling: SOGS;

Main findings

Teens use to gamble:


electronic gaming machines, 47.3%.
scratch tabs, 37.3%.
the races, 33.7%.
17 risky gamblers had gambled using
larger amounts ranging from, $10
(35%), $10 49 (18%), $50 99 (23.5%).
$200 (23.5%).

Main findings

Risk group vs no-risk group differences:


Individuals with risky gambling behaviours show
greater risk-taking overall during mid-adolescence,
especially with respect to tobacco and alcohol.
Lower temperamental attention and higher frustration
during mid- adolescence.
Males with risky gambling behaviours showed greater
overall risk-taking during mid-adolescence, particularly
in relation to alcohol and cannabis use.
Female with risky gambling also showed significantly
greater overall risk-taking behaviours during midadolescence than females in the no-risk group, and
also scored higher aggression during early
adolescence.

Main findings
The PG behaviour is predicted by

Main findings
The PG behaviour is predicted by:
- alcohol use;

Main findings
The PG behaviour is predicted by:
- alcohol use;
- frustration;

Main findings
The PG behaviour is predicted by:
- alcohol use;
- frustration;
- aggression(females);

Main findings
The PG behaviour is predicted by:
- alcohol use;
- frustration;
- aggression(females);
- attention deficit(males);

Main findings
The PG behaviour is predicted by:
- alcohol use;
- frustration;
- aggression(females);
- attention deficit(males);
- increased socializing with their
peers(males).

Implications

This study serve us like a


guidance for detecting young
people that in the future can be
involved in gambling sphere and
to prevent the PG behaviour.

New questions!
Can this study represent other
countries?
How does aggression correlate with
PG behaviour in females sample?
How can we stop PG behaviour?

Summary
For both sexes frustration and
alcohol use. Particularly for girls,
aggression is an predictor and for
boys the deficit of attention and
increased socializing with their peers.

Thank you for attention!


Questions time!

Risk-taking
behaviour

Whole sample

No-risk

At-risk

Mean (SD)

Mean (SD)

p-value

T2

Safety*

0.91

(0.88)

1.38 (1.09)

0.091

Violence

0.46

(0.86)

0.69 (0.87)

0.194

Suicide

0.25

(0.69)

0.19 (0.40)

0.809

Tobacco

0.94

(1.52)

1.63 (1.86)

0.044

Alcohol

2.25

(2.07)

3.88 (2.19)

0.003

Cannabis

0.25

(0.59)

0.50 (0.73)

0.070

Other drugs

0.13

(0.42)

0.25 (0.45)

0.110

Sex

0.61

(1.19)

1.31 (1.92)

0.104

Total

5.79

(5.61)

9.81 (5.55)

T1

3.36

(0.86)

3.21 (0.93)

0.588

T2

2.84

(0.88)

2.64 (0.73)

0.341

T1

3.46

(0.73)

3.38 (0.77)

0.817

T2

3.34

(0.77)

2.91 (0.55)

0.003

Temperament
Activation control1

Attention1

0.018