# Mathematics Duty Chapter VI Sets

Created By: Timotius Ivan. S. Danny Agus Pramana. W. Dewa Ngurah Yudi. P.

6.1 Sets and members of a sets
A Definition Concept of Sets Membership a Sets Cardinal Number Sets Subset Subset Set universe Venn Diagram Operation of Sets and Venn Diagram Intersection Operation of Sets Union

A. The Notion Of A Set
If you look carefully in a football match, what do you see? We can see there are different collection, such as: 1. Football players 2. The goal keeper 3. The ball 4. The football referee 5. Audience 6. Backup players. Its mean the notion of a set is member of one set, like the footballplayers in a football team. 

B. Elements of A Set
Now we will give you a simple question. Find H if H=(names of days starting with T) In mathematics, to express an element of a set, the symbol is (member of). And to express not the element is (not a member of)  So H is:  Sunday H Tuesday H  Monday H  Thursday H Wednesday H 

6.2 Expressing Sets
 Sets is a corps of kinds of objects in one community.  Expressing sets is the way to write a sets from numbers to words. We can say the examples: 1.There are chairs, whiteboard, and desk is the materials in class whose make the class community

A. The way of expressing sets
 P=(2,3,5,7). If we write it, like: P is a set of prime number less than ten  Some another examples 1. K=(1,3,5,7,9,11):K is a set of odd number less than twelve. 2. L=(January, June, July) :L is a set of name of month starting with J. 3. M=(1,2,3«100):M is a set of natural numbers from one until one hundred.

B. Acquiring the sets of elements
 At primary school, we already learned several kinds of sets of numbers, such as: 1. C=set of counting numbers C=(0,1,2,3,..) 2. Z=set of odd numbers Z=(1,3,5,..) 3. W=set of even numbers/W=(0,2,4,6,..)

6.3 Set Cardinality
Cardinal Number is a number to expressing many members of one members, symbolizing by n, n is the members. We can say the examples:  There are 23 boy (B) pupil and 20 girl (G) pupil So, we can write it: n(B)=23, n(G)=20, n(U)=43 If the question "Is there any pupil which height 3 meters here?´ we can answer it with use the empty sets symbol Ø 

What is the mean of universe set?
Universe set is the widest of the sets in one case We can say the examples: 1.What is the universe set of B=(2,4,6,8) The answer: because B is a even number, so the set universe of B is: U=(a natural numbers less than ten), so U=(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9)

Set universe, Relation between two sets and empty set.
Empty set is a member of set ,which don t have any members and symbolizing with { } or Ø The set universe is a set containing all elements of the set being talked about. The universe set can symbol by U
Page one

Set universe, Relation between two sets and empty set
Relation between two sets suppose: If A=red , yellow B=red, blue C=red, yellow, green Does set c contain all set a? Does set c contain all set b? Because C contains all elements of A, C can be called as´ a relation set´ of a set A Because there is an element B not included in C, that is blue, so C is not ³a relation set´ of B

6.4 the Venn Diagram
Relation between a sets with its universe can be modeled with a diagram is called Venn diagram. We can say the examples: B=(2,4,6,8),S=(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9). The Venn diagram of this question.
B=0
2,4,6,8

S=1,3,5,7,9
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9

6.5 Intersection
Intersection is sets slice of A and of B is A sets which its member represent the sets member A as well as B. If A=(a,s,d), B=(a,c,d,r) Or we can write it with intersection symbol
S B c,r A s

,

6.6 The Union of Two Sets 

The union of two sets is sets combination of A and of B, is sets which its member is the member of A or member or B.

Or we can write it with union symbol (U)

Like A U B
A B

6.7 Complement and Set Difference
FROM ALL MENTIONED STATEMENT WE CAN SAY:
Sets is a corps of kinds of objects in one community Cardinal Number is a number to expressing many members of one members symbolizing by n(M), if M is the sets and n is the members. Sets universe is the widest of the sets in one case Relation between a sets with its universe sets can be modeled with a diagram is called Venn diagram. The union of two sets is sets combination of A and of B, represent the sets member of A as well as B. Intersection is sets slice of A and of B is a sets which its member sets which its member is the member of A or member or B. Page one

6.7 Complement and Set Difference 

Empty set is a member of set ,which don t have any members and notation with { } or Ø Slice set, if a and b is two sets where each member set a is a member of set b, so set a is the slice set of set b and notation with A 1B Intersection two sets A and B is a set where its member is the member of A and member of B A n B=(x x¼A or x¼B The union of two sets A and B is a set where its member is the member of A and the members of B A U B=(x x¼A or x¼B Page two   

1.

a.

If we see the basketball player, of course we imagine their height. Please write 2 nonempty sets and 2 empty sets! Nonempty set: 1.They are 3m
2.They can including the ball because they are tall

b.

Empty set:

1.They are handsome 2.They are a good basketball team.