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Physics 1

physics

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Experiment 5

EQUILIBRIUM

OBJECTIVES

stick using the principle of moments.

To compute sum of moments of force.

To Identify the position of two or more

masses in a straight lever in order to

balance.

MATERIALS

Meter stick

Platform Balance

String

Knife-edge or any fulcrum

Force frame

PROCEDURE

Center of Gravity

1.

center of gravity.

2.

and hang a mass of 100g mass m2 at the left side of the

fulcrum to balance. Record this as d1. Record the

distance of the 100g mass from the fulcrum as d2.

3.

Find the mass of the meter stick m1, using the principle

of moments : m1gd1 = m2gd2 / m1d1 = m2d2.

4.

platform balance. Determine the percent error where

actual m is the accepted value:

/m1-m2/

x 100

m

TABULATION OF DATA

CENTER OF GRAVITY

Center of Gravity of Meter Stick

CG

50cm

Fulcrum

40cm

D1

25cm

Hanged Mass

M2

100g

D2

25cm

M1

100g

Error

Percent Error

110g

10g

9.09%

COMPUTATION

Formula to be used:

Required:

M1d1 = m2d2

stick using the principle of

moments

Given:

M2 = 100g

D1 = 25 cm

D2 = 25cm

Solution:

M1 = m2d2

d1

M1 = (100g)(25cm)

(25 cm)

M1 = 100g

COMPUTATION

Formula to be used:

/m1-m2/

Required:

x 100

Percent Error

m

Given:

M1 = 100g

M2 = 110g

M = 110g

Solution:

= /100-110/ x 100

110

= 9.09%

PROCEDURE

Straight Lever

1.

Adjust the position of the meter stick until it balances.

The point of suspension shall be the fulcrum. Hang a 100g

mass m1 at a distance 40cm d1left of the fulcrum. To

balance, properly position a 200g mass m2 on the other

end. Record its position in the meter stick as d2.

2.

moments T2 on the other side where:

T1 = m1gd1

T2 = m2gd2

3.

% Difference = |T1 T2|

T1 + T2

2

x 100

TABULATION OF DATA

STRAIGHT LEVER

Mass on the left side of F

M1

100g

M2

100g

Distance of M1 from F

D1

40cm

Distance of M2 from F

D2

20cm

39200 dyn-cm

39200 dyn-cm

Percent Difference

0 dyn-cm

0%

COMPUTATION

Formula to be used:

Given:

T1 = m1gd1

M1 = 100g

T2 = m2gd2

M2 = 200g

Required:

D1 = 40cm

T1 and T2

D2 = 20cm

G = 9.8

Solution:

T1 = (100)(9.8)(40)

T1 = 39200 dyn-cm

T2 = (200)(9.8)(20)

T2 = 39200 dyn-cm

COMPUTATION

Formula to be used:

Required:

Percent Difference

T1 + T2

2

Given:

= 39200

T1

T2 = 39200

Solution:

% diff. = |39200 39200| x 100

39200 + 39200

2

% diff. = 0

PROCEDURE

Sum of Moments

1.

2.

3.

on the right side of the meter stick at different

distances (d1, d2) from the fulcrum. To balance, find

the point where a 200g mass m3 must be placed on

the right side of the fulcrum. Record its distance

from the fulcrum as d3.

Compute for the sum of moment on both sides:

Right side : T1 + T2

Left side : T3

Compare left side moments with the right side

moments. Find the Percent Difference.

% diff. = | (T1 + T2) T3 | x 100

[(T1 + T2)+T3] /2

TABULATION OF DATA

SUM OF MOMENTS

Masses on the Left side of F

M1

50g

M2

100g

Distance of M1 from F

D1

40cm

Distance of M2 from F

D2

20cm

M3

200g

Distance of M3 from F

D3

20cm

Weight of M1

W1

49000 dyn

Weight of M2

W2

98000 dyn

Weight of M3

W3

196000 dyn

T1

19600 dyn-cm

T2

19600 dyn-cm

39200 dyn-cm

39200 dyn-cm

0 dyn-cm

Percent Difference

0%

COMPUTATION

Formula to be used:

Required:

Weight to dyn

Given:

W1 = 50

W2 = 100

W3 = 200

Solution:

W1 = (50)(980)

W1 = 49000

W2 = (100)(980)

W2 = 98000

W3 = (200)(980)

W3 = 196000

COMPUTATION

Formula to be used:

Given:

T1 = m1gd1

M1 = 50

T2 = m2gd2

M2 = 100

T3 = m3gd3

M3 = 200

Required:

Moments

Solution:

T1 = (50)(9.8)(40)

T1 = 19600

T2 = (100)(9.8)(20)

T2 = 19600

T3 = (200)(9.8)(20)

T3 = 39200

D1 = 40

D2 = 20

D3 = 20

COMPUTATION

Formula to be used:

% diff. = | (T1 + T2) T3|

Required:

x 100%

Percent Difference

[(T1+T2) + T3)/2]

Given:

T1 = 19600

T2 = 19600

T3 = 39200

Solution:

% diff. = |(19600+19600) 39200| x 100

[(19600+19600)+39200)/2]

% diff. = 0

ANALYSIS OF RESULTS

Does the center of gravity coincide with the fulcrum?

Yes the center of gravity coincide with the fulcrum,

because the fulcrum supports the meter stick. The

Center of Gravity of the meter stick was lined with the

fulcrum. The Center of Gravity was determined because

it is where the mass is concentrated.

ANALYSIS OF RESULTS

Is the equation w1d1 = w2d2 equivalent to m1d1 = m2d2?

How?

No. It differs in a way that weight is different from mass.

Mass is a fundamental quantity while weight is a derived

quantity.

ANALYSIS OF RESULTS

side equals the moment on the right side?

It balances because there is an equal amount of masses

on both sides of the meter stick.

ANALYSIS OF RESULTS

difference obtained?

We got a 0% Difference because the moments we

computed are equal.

ANALYSIS OF RESULTS

(m1+m2)(d1+d2) = m3d3? Why?

Yes. Because the Associative Property of addition was

applied.

ANALYSIS OF RESULTS

We solve for percent difference to get the percentage

difference of given moments while we solve for Percent

Error when we will determine the percentage error

between the computed mass and the actual mass of an

object.

GROUP 4

PIMENTEL

MADLANGBAYAN

NAZARENO

GUARIN

ESPAOLA

ORENCIANO

CAPINGCOT

COCO

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