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FLOORING

By:
Aarti yadav

Flooring Types
Hard
Flooring
Wood
Stone
Tile

Soft
Flooring
Carpet
Rugs
Resilient

Wood flooring
Wood flooringManufactured fromtimber
Beautiful
Luxurious
Warm under foot
Solid wood is a popular flooring choice.

TYPES OF WOODEN FLOORING


SOLID WOOD FLOORING
Solid wood flooring is milled from a
solid piece of lumber and shaped to
impart the tongue and groove to the
edges and/or ends.
Solid wood flooring is made in
thicknesses of 3/4 inches or 5/16 inches
.
ENGINEERED WOOD FLOORING
Assembled into panels (like plywood)
with 310 layers of wood veneer with
the grain of adjacent plies perpendicular.
Engineered wood flooring ranges from
1/4 inch to 3/4 inch thick, and the top
(i.e.,wear) layer ranges from 1/16 inch to
1/6 inch thick.
Due to its multi-ply
construction,engineered wood flooring is
more stable than solid wood flooring .

Solid wood
Beautiful,
luxurious,
warm under foot
Where to lay solid wood flooring
bedroom study living hallway
utility
bathroom
kitchen

SOLID WOOD FLOORING

Specifications :910 mm X 124


mm X 18 mm
PRICE PER Sq. Ft. :Rs 450.00
AREA Per Box :19.44 Sqft 16
Pcs

Specifications :900 mm X 120 mm X


18 mm
PRICE PER Sq. Ft. :Rs 450.00
AREA Per Box :14.34 Sqft 12 Pcs

Merbau is almost as stable as


teak.
It
has
excellent
dimensional stability and is
highly resistant to termites.

Teak has a high resistance to decay


and termite attack. In fact the oil
secreted by the wood is reported to be
a natural insect repellant.
Teak can be somewhat difficult to

Specifications :900 mm X 125 mm


X 18 mm
PRICE PER Sq. Ft. :Rs 455.00
AREA Per Box :14.77 Sqft 12 Pcs

Specifications :900 mm X 127 mm


X 18 mm
PRICE PER Sq. Ft. :Rs 510.00
AREA Per Box :14.34 Sqft 12 Pcs

Gunstock oak have good


resistance to splitting and
excellent holding ability.

This is one of the most prized of


North American hardwoods. The
wood is heavy, hard, and stiff and
has excellent dimensional
stability.
Walnut is one of the most durable of
the domestic commercial woods,

Specifications :900 mm X 125 mm X 18


mm
PRICE PER Sq. Ft. :Rs 455.00
AREA Per Box :19.59 Sqft 16 Pcs
Both red and white oak have good
resistance to splitting and excellent
holding ability. White oak has better
machining qualities. Because of its
relatively high porosity and low
concentration of tannin, red oak works
better for bleached floors than white oak,
which can turn green or brown when

Specifications :900 mm X 122


mm X 18 mm
PRICE PER Sq. Ft. :Rs 430.00
AREA Per Box :19.12 Sqft 16
Pcs
Kempas contains pockets of hard
deposits that can provide some
difficulty when sawing and can
promote blunting of tools. Glue
holds well with kempas flooring.
good finish

Specifications :900 mm X 125 mm


X 18 mm
PRICE PER Sq. Ft. :Rs 499.00
AREA Per Box :14.34 Sqft 12 Pcs

Pack size:2.2100m2
Dimensions (mm) :95 x 2330 x 15
Type :Horizontal
Avilable Size:1830 x 130 x 12
PRICE PER Sq. Ft. :Rs 395.00

Along with its extreme hardness,


Stylish, versatile and dependable
strength, weight, density, and
Used in high trafic areas such as
durability, ipe is also one of the most hallways and kitchens.
stable woods available.

Available
Size:900x 125
x 18
PRICE PER Sq.
Ft. :Rs455.00

Available
Size:900x 125
x 18
PRICE PER Sq.
Ft. :Rs 475.00

ENGINEERED WOOD

Engineered wood is real wood, but instead of one solid piece it consists of three to
10 thin layers of wood, called plies, that are assembled and glued in a cross-ply
construction.
The top layer of wood can range from 0.6mm to 6mm thickness.
Overall board thickness ranges from 10mm to 21mm.
Engineered wood is much more stable than solid wood and is less susceptible to
shrinking and expanding with changes in temperatures and humidity.

Specifications : 1830 mm X 148 mm X 15/4


mm
PRICE PER Sq. Ft. : Rs 430.00
AREA Per Box : 24.08 sqft 10 pcs

Specifications : 1220 mm X 148 mm X 15/4


mm
PRICE PER Sq. Ft. : Rs 430.00
AREA Per Box : 11.60 sqft 8 pcs

Specifications : 1830 mm X 148 mm X 15/4


mm
PRICE PER Sq. Ft. : Rs 430.00

Specifications : 1810 mm X 180 mm X 15/4


mm
PRICE PER Sq. Ft. :Rs 540.00

Specifications : 2200 mm X 195 mm X 15/3.5 mm


PRICE PER Sq. Ft. : Rs 405.00

Specifications : 2200 mm X 195 mm X 15/3.5 mm


PRICE PER Sq. Ft. : Rs 405.00

Specifications : 2200 mm X 195 mm X 14/3.5 mm


PRICE PER Sq. Ft. : Rs 490.00

Specifications : 2200 mm X 195 mm X 14/3.5 mm


PRICE PER Sq. Ft. : Rs 510.00

STYLES OF WOOD FLOORING


Strip Flooring

It is made entirely of solid pieces of wood,


generally " in thickness and 2 " to 3 " in
width.
Each individual board is machined with a tongue
on one side and one end, and a groove on the
opposite end and side. All boards are nailed
down, one at a time, taking care to offset the
end joints to create a pleasing pattern.

Random Plank
Any wood flooring material 3" wide or more
is termed "plank flooring." Plank flooring is
available in both square edge and bevel
edge (V groove).

Parquet
Small pieces arranged in different designs
Pre-finished squares for easy installation

Herringbone
It is an elegant, upscale flooring style, most
often found in museums and high end homes.
This effect is generated by installing flooring
pieces of equal length, usually between 9 to 24
inches, at a 90 degree angle respectively, with
the ends cut at 90 degrees.
A chevron pattern is basically the same but
with a 45 degree cut corner where the boards
meet at a square angle.

CONVENTIONAL STRIP FLOORING

Generally 19 mm deep board laid


over joists or battens
Major profile types are:
Surface nailed
Secret nailed
End matched

Surface or face nailing

Secret nailing

End matched

Overlay tongue & groove flooring

Direct fix to ply or chipboard

Fixed to ply on concrete

12-15 mm thick board:


Nail & glued to chipboard or
plywood;
Nail & glued to plywood underlay
over concrete;
Nail & glued to battens over
concrete; or
Glued to concrete.

Battens on concrete

Direct fixed to
concrete

Board width
Boards are
available in 65, 85,
108, 133 & others
Only secret nail
boards to 85 mm
cover width
Boards over 85
mm cover MUST
be nailed with 2
nails per joist or
batten

Provide expansion gaps


Flooring will expand &
contract with moisture
changes.
Install expansion
joints:
10 mm gap at
every wall plate; &
intermediate gaps
in floors over 6 m
wide.
Gaps at each wall & in floors
over 6m wide
Use narrower boards
for large areas of floor.

INSTALLATION SYSTEMS
Tongue-and-groove: Tongueand-groove flooring can be
installed by
glue-down (both engineered
and solid),
floating (mostly engineered
only),
nail-down (not recommended
"for
CLICK"
SYSTEMS: A "click" floor is similar to tongue-and-groove, but
most engineered).
instead of fitting directly into the groove, the board must be angled or
"tapped" in to make the curved or barbed tongue fit into the modified
groove.

Floor connection
system: The general
principle is to have
grooves on all four
sides of the plank with
a separate,
unconnected, piece
that is inserted into
the grooves of two
planks to join them.

Glue Down
Wood flooring can also be glueddown.
A layer of plastic is placed onto the
sub-floor . The wood pieces are then
laid on top of the glue and hammered
into place using a rubber mallet and
nail.

FINISHING, REFINISHING, AND SANDING


Floor finishes
The two most popular modern finishes for wood flooring are :
Oil
Polyurethane
Oil - Oil finished floors are made from naturally derived drying oils, and are
not to be confused with petroleum based oils.
Polyurethane- The two most common are straight polyurethane and oilmodified polyurethane.
Both products are sold under various names including: urethane, lacquer,
and varnish.
Sanding
Sanding provides a method for smoothing an installed floor, compensating
for unevenness of the subfloor.
Additionally, sanding is used to renew the appearance of older floors.

1. Oil-modified urethane Most common surface finish


Easy to apply
Dries in about eight hours.
2. Moisture-cured urethane More durable
More moisture resistant than other surface finishes.
Non-yellowing
These finishes are extremely difficult to apply, have a strong odour
3. Water-based urethane Finishes are clear and non-yellowing
Dry in about two to three hours.
Water-based urethanes are generally more expensive.
4. Penetrating Sealers This type of finish often have a colour and can be used to stain and seal the wood
floor.
5. Paste WaxWax is the easiest to apply,
Least expensive,
Fastest drying,
Easiest to repair, and
With proper care will survive forever.

THE LAMINATE

PERFECT FOR HIGH TRAFFIC AREAS SUCH AS KITCHENS,


FAMILY ROOMS, HALLWAYS AND BATHS.
ULTRA EASY INSTALLATIONCLICK TOGETHER PLANKS.
NO GLUE.
NEVER NEEDS SANDING OR REFINISHING.
CAN BE INSTALLED ON ALL GRADE LEVELS OVER WOOD,
CONCRETE, VINYL AND TILE.
EXTREMELY DURABLERESISTS SCRATCHES, STAINS
AND FADING.
EASY CAREJUST SWEEP OR DAMP MOP.

Suitable for..
kitchen bathroom utility
living
bedroom hallway study

Types Of Stone Flooring:


Stone floorings can be purchased in several designs and can be
chosen as per the designs of your residence.

1.SANDSTONE:

minimum traffic or which are not much in use.


very strong.
usually preferred indoors.
beautiful glossy finish

Easy to work.
sandstones are highly resistant
to weathering.
Thickness:-10mm-30 mm
Size- 30x30cm-90x60cm
price= 30-50 rs for 1 sqm

LIMESTONE:
Softer varieties of this flooring are
usually used.
most common.
usually white but may have cloudy
streaks.
great variety of colors, patterns, and
veining allow for a wide spectrum of
design options.
Chateaux
FrenchLimestone
Flooring

SLATE:
can be used in many homes and also
offices for outdoor flooring reasons.
very hard in nature.
variety of colors.
extremely durable.
slip-resistant.

Size- 20x30cm-60x30cm
Price=15-80 rs.

MARBLE:
Various colors depending on origin.
fine and prosperous looking floors.
expensive flooring.
used in places where there is very high traffic.
widely used as a flooring material in bathrooms.

Size- 30x30x1cm
Price-25rs-60

GRANITE:
hardest stone.
granite floors are being used in areas
which are used every day.
coarse-grained, light-colored
long life and easy to install.
granites is composed chiefly of quartz
and feldspar mixed with particles of
mica.
P. White
Red Multi
Coffee Brown Tiger Skin
Size:108"x25.5" size:40"x98" Size:108"x2

Saphire Blue
Size:40"x

TERRA-COTTA:
Traditional Reclaimed Material.
best form of man-made material.
several variations of color.
The surfaces of such floors can be
uneven or very even.
Sizes range from 6inch up to
14inches.

TERRAZZO:
formed using marble or chipped
stones embedded in full concrete.
artistic and very reliable
best for outdoor spaces such as verandas
or patios.
strong but 50% chance of breakage at
quarry

TRAVERTINE:
porous limestone used on floors or
walls
Comes from mineral springs
Holes from escaping gas
Holes filled with resin which may or may
not be same color

How to fix
Fixing into a screed:

The sub-floor should be firm, clean and dry. The recommended


depth of screed
is at least 35mm for 20mm stone..
Make sure the stone is clean. Butter the back of the stone with an
adhesive
slurry before fixing the stone in the screed. In order to stop the
stone drying out
too quickly, which may result in some tiles not sticking properly,
we recommend
that the stone is wetted before fixing; alternatively paint the back
of the stone with
a bonding agent.
With any light coloured stone, white cement-based adhesive should
be used.

Using an adhesive:
The stone can be fixed to concrete screed or suspended wooden
floors.
Flexible additive should be used in the adhesive and grout with
suspended floors,
Under floor heating and externally.
Before fixing the tiles ensure that the sub-floor is true and level, free
from
contamination and loose areas and properly prepared to give a good
bond.
White cement
should
beadhered
used as to
coloured
cementdry, solidly
Ensure
that theadhesive
background
to be
is thoroughly
may seep
bedded,
through
to the
face
of friable
the stone.
Painting
back of
and
free from
dust
and
matter
beforethe
starting
to the
tile.
stone fixers
with awill paint the sub-floor with a bonding agent
Some
bonding agent will inhibit any leaching.

Ceramic Tile

Bathrooms, kitchens, entryways


Made from baked clay
Durable, moisture resistant, easy to clean
Can crack if not installed on even surface

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF


TILE
ADVANTAGES
DISADVANTAGES
Can endure impact

Feel colder in cold weather

Diversified choices

Feel cold

Water resistant

Feel colder in cold weather

Natural beauty

Replaceable, repairable

Easy to clean and maintain


It depends on the location, climate, design and external materials of your
home.

Granite Floor Tiles


Granite is a natural stone product
which is are cut and processed to
flawless products of superior quality.
Due to the durability granite tiles are
popularly used to decorate floors,
bathrooms, kitchens and other rooms.
Granite is also widely used in office
setup, halls for public gatherings, and
big
building
and
monuments.etc.Granite tiles might be
the best choice to maintain easy and
it is highly durable. Tiles looks
extremely beautiful and serves as an
alternative for interior and exterior
decoration. Granite tiles are available
in highly polished finish and a
Standard tile size and thickness :
plethora of colors.
12 x 12 x 10mm
16 x 16 x 10mm
16 x 16 x 12mm
18 x 18 x 12mm

Other Tiles
Ceramic Mosaic
Individual tiles mounted
together to keep together and
make installation easier
More often on walls

Mexican
Made from clay
Shaped by hand
Dried in sun

Quarry
Fired Earth/Clay
Warm brown to beige

Mosaic tiles
Green Marble Mosaic
Chiseled out of premium quality stone
blocks, our range of green marble
mosaic tiles is offered in different
colors, thickness and patterns. Each
piece of marble in this mosaic is an
artistic endeavor of our craftsmen,
characterized by exemplary styles for
kitchen, bathroom or any for any
exterior floor.

Marble Mosaic Tiles


The marble mosaics can be fitted in
pathways, veranda etc. These are
available in different colors, sizes,
finishes and thickness.