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LIFI

Abstract:

In this paper, we present initial designs and results of a small-scale prototype of a vehicle to vehicle communication system using light fidelity (Li-Fi) technology, a new technology that was developed in the last few years, which still needs more investigations on its sustainability for outdoor vehicular networks. Vehicle to vehicle communication is the most effective solution that has been used in order to reduce vehicles' accidents. The proposed use of Li-Fi technology in this paper comprises mainly light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs as means of connectivity by sending data through light spectrum as an optical wireless medium for signal propagation. In fact, the usage of LED eliminates the need of complex wireless networks and protocols. Several case studies mimicking the vehicle to vehicle communication are explored in this work. Both numerical simulations using Proteous package and experimental results are also presented, which agree quite well. And here we user fi

Need for Automation

To enhance comfortable. To avoid accidents. Effective fuel usage To enhance safe driving Auto rule following

LITERATURE SURVAY

YEAR

Author

Paper

WORK DONE

2014

KanchanMahajan,

Waste Bin Monitoring

Monitoring of waste

Prof.J.S.Chitode

System Using Integrated Technologies

bin by using Zigbee, GSM and ARM.

2011

Soo Hyun Chung

Pyrolysis of Waste

Waste

plastics are

Jong Jin Park

Plastics

Using

converted into fuel oil

suitable catalysts.

Sang Goo Jeon Dong Chan Kim

Synthesized Catalysts from Fly Ash

by pyrolysis using

2009

Amrutha

Automated Waste

This paper proposed

Chandramohan, Joyal Mendonca, Nikhil Ravi Shankar

Segregator

to sort the refuse into metallic waste, wet waste and dry waste.

2007

K.A.Monika

Smart Dustbin – An

Design and construct

Nikitha Rao

efficient

Garbage

the smart bin by using

S.B.Prapulla G.Shobha

Monitoring System

GSM modem & Aurdino Uno.

EXISISTING SYSTEM

PROPOSED SYSTEM

It cannot withstand temperature. Input & output ports cannot be expanded. Interfacing cannot achieved easily High Power Consuming Bulk and complex system

Proposed System

Thus to overcome all the above drawbacks, is used.

Key Features:

Reliable

Monitoring and controlling the process from remote place is possible

I/O ports can be expanded without supporting components and protocol

Easy to program and debug.

BATTERY
BATTERY

Power

Management

Unit

   
BATTERY Power Management Unit Limit Switch PIC Micro Controller Relay Power LED Relay Power LED
BATTERY Power Management Unit Limit Switch PIC Micro Controller Relay Power LED Relay Power LED

Limit

Switch

BATTERY Power Management Unit Limit Switch PIC Micro Controller Relay Power LED Relay Power LED

PIC

Micro

Controller

 
  • Relay

 
  • Power LED

 
 
  • Relay

 
  • Power LED

BATTERY Eye Blink Sensor Camera RF Module RX IR Sensor Power Management Unit PIC Micro Controller

BATTERY

Eye

Blink

Sensor

 

Camera

 

RF

Module

RX

BATTERY Eye Blink Sensor Camera RF Module RX IR Sensor Power Management Unit PIC Micro Controller
BATTERY Eye Blink Sensor Camera RF Module RX IR Sensor Power Management Unit PIC Micro Controller
 

IR Sensor

BATTERY Eye Blink Sensor Camera RF Module RX IR Sensor Power Management Unit PIC Micro Controller

Power

Management

Unit

   
BATTERY Eye Blink Sensor Camera RF Module RX IR Sensor Power Management Unit PIC Micro Controller
BATTERY Eye Blink Sensor Camera RF Module RX IR Sensor Power Management Unit PIC Micro Controller
 

PIC

Micro

Controller

BATTERY Eye Blink Sensor Camera RF Module RX IR Sensor Power Management Unit PIC Micro Controller
BATTERY Eye Blink Sensor Camera RF Module RX IR Sensor Power Management Unit PIC Micro Controller

Embedded

 

Player

 
BATTERY Eye Blink Sensor Camera RF Module RX IR Sensor Power Management Unit PIC Micro Controller
BATTERY Eye Blink Sensor Camera RF Module RX IR Sensor Power Management Unit PIC Micro Controller

Relay

Spea ker
Spea
ker
BATTERY Eye Blink Sensor Camera RF Module RX IR Sensor Power Management Unit PIC Micro Controller

Motor

  • Engine

BATTERY Eye Blink Sensor Camera RF Module RX IR Sensor Power Management Unit PIC Micro Controller

Relay

er
er

Horn/Vibrat

Battery RF
Battery
RF
Battery RF RX School RF TX Hospit al Car

RX

Battery RF RX School RF TX Hospit al Car
School RF TX Hospit al
School
RF
TX
Hospit
al
Car
Car

Components Used

PIC Mq234 sensor sensor sensor Temperature Sensor

Voice Play Back IC

POWER SUPPLY UNIT

There are many types of power supply.

Most are designed to convert high voltage AC mains electricity to a suitable low voltage supply for electronics’ circuits and other devices.

A power supply can by broken down into a series of blocks, each of which performs a particular function.

Regulator Ics:- IC7805 , IC7812.

3 Pins

-

1 pin(input)

  • - 2 pin(neg)

  • - 3 pin(output)

This

circuit

can

give

+5V

output at about 150mA current, but it can be increased to 1 A when good cooling is added to 7805 regulator chip.

If you need other voltages than +5V, you can modify the circuit by replacing the 7805 chips with another regulator with different output voltage from regulator 78xx chip

family.

PIC 18F4520 BASED

Introduction

PIC starter Kit is based on Pic 18f4520 Based , Bootloader Based , No need Of programmers , Thru Rs232 port Easiliy Hex file can Be downloaded using Flash Utility

Example Codes based on Micro C compiler -Example Codes for - LED-LCD-ADC-UART-PWM

Features

• RS232 Tx, Rx interface with MAX232 IC on socket. • 18f4520 microcontroller • ULN 2803 To Drive Stepper Motor & Relays. • Quartz crystal 20Mhz. • 2 LED. • 2 Push Button. • RTC. • Reset button. • Power plug-in jack. • Extension slot on every uC pin. • GND bus. • VCC bus. • Four mounting holes 3,3 mm (0,13").

4 CHANNEL RELAY

BOARDInput Logic -5v level Interfaced with Transistor 547 Single pole relay

2 RF TRANSMITTER MODULE

Working voltage- 3-12 volt Working current-10-15ma Model - FS1000A Range- 80m

2 RF RECEIVER MODULE

Working voltage- 5v Working current- 0.5 to 0.8 ma

Model-PSR2

• 4 CHANNEL RELAY BOARD • Input Logic -5v level Interfaced with Transistor 547 Single pole
• 4 CHANNEL RELAY BOARD • Input Logic -5v level Interfaced with Transistor 547 Single pole
• 4 CHANNEL RELAY BOARD • Input Logic -5v level Interfaced with Transistor 547 Single pole

SINGLE POLE:

The single pole relay is used to operate a single load at a time. It has 3 contacts, such as NO,NC and COMMON.

SINGLE POLE : The single pole relay is used to operate a single load at a
SINGLE POLE : The single pole relay is used to operate a single load at a

It is used for driving a single load.

DOUBLE POLE:

It comprises of two relays which are connected together. This type of relays are used to drive two loads at a time. We are using this because, we have to run the motor in both direction

SINGLE POLE : The single pole relay is used to operate a single load at a
SINGLE POLE : The single pole relay is used to operate a single load at a
RELAY • A relay is an electrically operated switch • Many relays use an electromagnet to

RELAY

A relay is an electrically operated switch

Many relays use an electromagnet to operate a switching mechanism mechanically, but other operating principles are also used

Normally-open (NO) contacts connect the circuit when the relay is activated; the circuit is disconnected when the relay is inactive. It is also called a Form A contact or “make” contact.

Normally-closed (NC) contacts disconnect the circuit when the relay is activated; the circuit is connected when the relay is inactive. It is also called a Form B contact or “break” contact.

Change-over, or double-throw, contacts control two circuits: one normally-open contact and one normall -closed contact with a