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The Facts about the SperryDrill

Positive Displacement Motor


(PDM)

SperryDrill Motors
History
Sperry Sun Drilling Services
Sperry Drill Motors
General Motor Configuration
Dump Sub
Power Section
- The rotor
- The stator
- Function
- Performance
- Temperature Effects
- Performance Graphs

Transmission unit (CV)


Adjustable Bend Assembly
Bearing Section
-Function
-Flow restrictor
-Thrust Bearings
Stabilizers
Motor Comparisons
Support & Training
Advancements

A History of Innovation
Sperry Sun Drilling Services
1929 - Gyroscopic borehole
survey device introduced by
Elmer Sperry Jr..
1930 - Sperry-Sun founded. First
drilling Job using SURWEL.
1939 - Mud Logging unit
developed.
1940s - Singleshots, multishots,
coring, deflection tools.
1950s - Mining Industry.
1960s / 70s built solid
reputation in O&G, Mining & US
Atomic Energy Commission.
1980s - Directional Drilling,
MWD, FEWD & expanded
operations world wide.
1990s - Continued
advancements; PWD, EWR,
Horizontal, Multilateral, under
balanced, short radius, extended
reach.
SlickBore, GeoPilot

SperryDrill History
1987 - Sperry-Sun Canada builds 2 6-3/4 motors
1989 - Sperry Drills expand into Gulf Coast (70+)
1991 - Sperry Drills expand into N. Sea (250+)
1992 - Sperry Drills expand into Middle East (490+)
1993 - Sperry Drills expand into Europe / Australia (520+)
1994 - Sperry Drills expand into South America (730+)
1995 - Sperry Drill facilities in 12 locations with over 1000
motors.
1996 - Sperry Drills expand into to Asia (1340+)
1997 - Fleet Upgrade (1450+)
1998 - Sperry Sun market share up in downturn (1500+)
1999 - Halliburton Merger adds 900+ Dyna Drills (2450+) and
30+ locations.

Sperry Drill Growth Rate


1988-1999
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0

General Motor Configuration

Power Section (Rotor / Stator)


Reverse application of the Moineau
pump principle
Elasomer lined - steel tube stator
Chrome coated steel rotor
Converts Hydraulic HP (flow &
pressure) to Mechanical HP (rpm &
torque)
Three main producers in the world:
Mono Pumps Ltd. (Monoflo)
R&M Energy Systems Inc.
(Moyno)
Ntzsch Inc. (Nemo)

Positive Displacement Motor (PDM)


(Progressive Cavity)
A PDM power section consists of a
matched rotor / stator pair. The
interaction of these components
produces torque as a function of the
differential pressure ( P) during
operation.
The rotor / stator pair will produce a fixed
RPM for a given flow rate, independent of
applied load.

The Rotor

The Sperry-Drill rotor is made from 17-4 PH


corrosion resistant stainless steel. The rotor
is coated with hard, finely polished chrome.
Many also have a sulfamate nickel underplate
to aid in corrosion resistance.

The Stator
The Sperry-Drill stator is made
from ASI 4140 cold-drawn,
seamless, heat treated steel pipe
with a molded elastomer bonded
inside.
Since some drilling fluids react in
different ways, elastomers can
be tailored for various drilling
muds. The two basic elastomers
are: NBR (buna nitrile), and HSN
(highly saturated nitrile).

Rotor / Stator Design


The shapes of the rotor and
stator are specifically designed
to work together.
This shape is derived from a
family of curves known as
hypocycloids. The principal
interaction of these shapes was
described by Rene Moineau in
his patent issued in 1931.

Rotor / Stator Lead and Pitch


The rotor lead is the axial distance for one lobe to
complete one revolution. The rotor lead is equal to
one stage. A single lobe on a five stage tool will wrap
around the rotor five times over the length of the rotor.
The pitch is the linear crest to crest distance between
lobes.

How The Rotor / Stator Function


By forming a series of pressure
seals between the rotor and
stator, the power section makes
use of differential pressure to
create torque.
The sealed cavities
(capsulisms) trap pressurized
fluid and trace a helical path
around the stator and maintain
a constant shape as the rotor
rotates.

The drilling fluid moves from areas


of higher pressure to areas of lower
pressure. At any given time, some
areas are open to high pressure at
the top of the motor and some are
open to lower (exit) pressure at the
bottom. This is known as
differential pressure or Delta P
(P).

This differential pressure causes drilling fluid to enter the cavities at


the top of the motor. As it moves through the motor, the fluid pushes
on the rotor causing it to rotate.

The sum of the cross sectional areas of any


plane is a constant. As a result, the speed of
the motor is constant for a given flow rate.

Speed (RPM) / Torque (Ft-Lbs.)

For best performance, the power section should be matched to the bit and
formation being drilled. The speed and torque of a power section is directly
linked to the number of lobes on the rotor and stator. The higher the number
of lobes, the higher the torque and the lower the RPM.

The Turbine (Turbo-drill)

Vertical turbine that uses impellers and


diffusers to convert hydraulic energy to
mechanical energy.
Typically operate at 800-900 RPM
Most require a speed reducer
RPM is a function of both flow and load.
Turbo-drills are typically more rigid

Effect of Rotor / Stator Compression


(metrology)
Excessive compression results in increased
vibration, internal heat generation, decreased
service life or failure.

Excessive clearance can result in a minimal


pressure seal, increased slipping and stalling
and higher flow rates needed to sustain a
given RPM.

Poor design, inaccurate


machining or mismatch
leads to low reliability,
shortened service life and
failure.

Temperature Effects
As circulating temperature increases, the physical properties of the elastomer
are effected. In higher temperature applications, it is necessary to decrease the
maximum differential pressure to offset these effects.
Higher temperatures
cause expansion of the
elastomer, increasing rotor
/ stator compression.
Increased compression
can result in decreased
performance and shorten
stator life.

Thermal Expansion / Hysterisis

Most motor failures are power section related.


OBM / WBM
Friction
Rubber expands at 30x the rate of steel.
Metrology
Reduce differential pressure.

Reading The Performance Graph


Assume: 9 5/8, 3/4 lobe,
6.0 stage motor
1,000 gpm, 400 psi, 220F

1, Off bottom circulating pressure.


2, Differential pressure = 400psi.
3, Free running speed = 250 rpm.
4, On bottom speed = 225 rpm.
5, Torque delivered to bit = 5,000 ft-lbs.
6, Horsepower delivered to bit = 250

Transmission Unit
(CV Joint)
CV = Constant Velocity
Similar to those used on
automobiles
Converts the eccentric motion
of the rotor to concentric
motion for the shaft
Allows for adjustable of fixed
bend housings

Adjustable Housing Assembly


Works on offset pin and box
concept
Typically adjust from 1 to 3
degrees
Four main Components;
Offset Housing, Splined
Mandrel, Stator Adapter
Housing, and Adjusting Ring

Bearing Section Assembly


Five basic components
Upper and lower radial bearings
Thrust Bearings
Flow Restrictor
Drive Shaft
Bearing Housing

Bearing Section Function


On bottom thrust bearings carry force
from the bit (WOB)
Off bottom thrust bearings carry the
hydraulic load of the mud and weight of
the rotor
Double acting (INA) bearings carry both
on and off bottom loads
Radial bearings (marine or FTC) carry
side loads
Flow restrictor diverts a portion of the
mud for lubrication

Thrust Bearings
Double Acting (INA Type)
The double acting (INA) bearing is
comprised of several sets of
precision machined split races.
These bearings share both on bottom
(compressive) and off bottom
(tensile) forces.
The advantage is that they are
compact allowing shorter bit to bend
length.
The disadvantage is they have very
little shock absorbing features as
compared to the cartridge type.

Motor Comparison
Sperry-Drill / Navi-Drill / Anadrill

More Power?

Calculating Power Delivered to


the Bit

What Makes the Difference?


Comprehensive Training
- Inspection & Rework Manual
- Threading Manual
- R&M Manuals & Documentation
- MetFit Metrology Software
- ACFM inspection

The People

Inspection & Rework Manual


Apreciacion Global

Links to all other R&M


documents
Conforms to DS-1 level 5

Introduccion

En general, la falla de una herramienta de perforacin puede acarrear perdida de tiempo., trabajos de pesca
costosos, e incluso agujeros perdidos. Ayudar a eliminar fallas catastrficas, siendo resultado de
componentes fuera-de-especificacin, Sperry-Sun Drilling Services (SSDS) ha puesto normas de calidad y
criterio de retrabajos que deben cumplir los talleres de reparacin
Alcance

Outlines procedures for all


motor R&M
All mechanics are trained to
this standard.
Manuals are in Spanish and
English.

Sperry-Sun, a travs de diseos y experiencias, ha desarrollado guas pautas y estndares


por un diseo seguro de perforacin direccional y expuestos a la calidad..

El manual de Inspeccin de Motor de SSDS recomienda normas y procedimientos para


conducir inspecciones para el uso y retrabajo de componentes de motores de Sperry-Drill.
Manual de Inspeccin del Motor de SSDS puede ser usado junto con el Manual de R & M.
y el Manual de Roscado del Sperry-Sun el cual provee un paquete completo de
documentacin para mantener la confiabilidad de los productos entregados al cliente.
El Manual de Retrabajo para Inspeccin de Motor de SSDS detalla el uso y los criterios
de aceptacin de retrabajo para: componentes considerados crticos al funcionamiento de
las operaciones, confiable de los motores de fondo de Sperry-Sun. Este manual detallar
el uso aceptable en reas de los motores de Sperry-Sun que son considerados como
crticos a las operaciones de el motor.

Proposito

Propsito de este manual es proveer a los Gerentes del taller de motores , mecnicos e
inspectores una gua para reducir errores del inspeccin y altos costos innecesarios de la
realizacin de retrabajos . Igualmente el propsito de este manual es reducir la
probabilidad o eliminar la posibilidades de sustituir los productos sub- estndares que se
entregan al cliente.
Para lograr esto, el Manual de Retrabajo e Inspeccin de motor de Sperry-Sun define reglas especficas que
dan, los procesos de inspeccin. Cuando se usa en conjunto el Manual de M&R Sperry -Drill y el Manual
de Roscas de Sperry-Sun, Estas son reglas para Inspeccin y Programas de Retrabajos.
La Inspeccin y Programas de retrabajos definen:
Los Mtodos de inspeccin que pueden ser aplicados a cada componente de Motor de Sperry-Drill.
Como puede ser conducido cada mtodo de inspeccin.
Los Criterios de aceptacin para cada componente.
Instrucciones de Retrabajos y limitaciones sobre retrabajos.

SSDS Training

Comprehensive Training Practices


Leading Edge Technology
Interactive CD ROMs
Conventional Manuals
Hands on Training

SSDS Threads & Threading


Manual
SSDS utilizes a proprietary Modified
Stub ACME Thread

Sealing capabilities of API with the


strength of ACME (load sharing).
Self Locking Design
Exacting Standards
-Custom Gages
-Custom Inserts
-Vendor Audits & Certification
-Vendor Training
Documented Procedures for:
-Manufacture
-Inspection
-Rework

Competitor Design

ACFM Inspection

Alternating Current Field Measurement


Originally developed for
underwater inspection of
welded joints.
Electromagnetic NDT.
Adapted to SSDS thread
inspection as described in:
IADC/SPE 35033 Reduction in
Fatigue Failures through Crack
Detection by Alternating Current
Field Measurement.

Compliment to third party


inspection.
Training to CSWIP-DIV-96.

The Sperry-Sun Met Fit Metrology System


Developed by
SSDS.
All rotors and
stators
accurately
measured before
and after use.
Database relates
back to
Manufacturers
specifications
and actual
measurements.

6.75 At Bit Inclination


EWR-Phase 4
Resistivity - 30'

Position Monitor
Inc/Az - 51'

Dual
Gamma Ray - 40' Wear Band

Wear Band
+/- 25'
9'

At Bit
Inclination - 2'

The right size for your


application