You are on page 1of 39

INTRODUCTION

TO

PHILIPPINE HISTORY

PHYSICAL
ENVIRONMENT

We live in the Philippines, our native


land.
The people to this country are called
Filipinos.
Now, in order to know a country well,
we study its history because history
is the story of a country and its
people.

Three Important Parts About


Knowing A Countrys History:

The name Philippines


Early Chinese traders who visited
Mindoro called our nation Ma-yi,
meaning Land of gold.
Maniolas- name given by Claudius
Ptolemy, a Greek mapmaker, in his
ancient map.
Archipelago of St. Lazarus- name
given by Magellan to our nation in 1521.
Felipinas- a Spanish explorer named
Ruy Lopez de Villalobos gave this name
in honor of King Philip II.

Pearl of the Orient


Seas
Popular
nickname
for
the
Philippines.
This was romantic name given to
our country by two famous
writers;
Fr. Juan J. Delgado in
1751
Dr. Jose Rizal

GEOGRAPHICAL
FEATURES OF THE
PHILIPPINES

Geography of the Philippines


Location
Shape and size
Neighboring countries and
surrounding bodies of water
Terrain and Points
Other Facts

LOCATI
- Located
in
ON
Southeastern Asia
- Archipelago (large
group of islands)
made up of 7,107
islands
- Part of a Western
Pacific arc system
that
is
Geographicby
Coordinates: 13 00
characterized
N, 122 00 E.
active volcanoes
Capital City: Manila

SHAPE AND
Shape
SIZE

Elongated
Archipelago

Area

115,830 square miles

Coastline

22,549 miles

Length

1,851 km (1,150 mi) SSE-NNW

Width

1,062 km (660 mi) ENE-WSW

http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oceania/Philippines-LOCATION-SIZE-A

Neighboring Countries

Surrounding Bodies of Water


North- Luzon
Strait
West- South
China Sea
East- Philippine
Sea

Terrain and Points


-mostly
mountainous
-all islands are
prone to
earthquakes
Lowest PointPhilippine Sea
Highest Point-

Climate
Hot and Dry March to May
Rainy June to October
Cool November to
February
Temperature :
78A0F/25A0C to
90A0F/32A0C ;humidity 77%

ISLANDS
Three Group of
Islands:
MINDANA
O

LUZO
N

ttp://www.spug.ph/luzon/images/luzon.jpg

VISAY

http://photos.state.gov/galleries/manila/279945/300x234/mindan
aoMap.jpg
http://www.fcarehmo.com.ph/newface/Providers/images/Visayas_With

Eleven main Islands


1.Luzon
2.Mindan
ao
3.Samar
4.Negros
5.Palawa
n

7.Mindoro
8.Leyte
9.Cebu
10.Bohol
11.Masba
te

REGIONS OF THE PHILIPPINES


I -ILOCOS Region
Major City: San Fernando City

II -Cagayan valley
Major City: Tuguegarao City

III -CENTRAL Luzon


Major City: San Fernando City

IV-A (calabarzon)
Major City: Calamba City

IV-B (Mimaropa)
Major City: Calapan City

V -Bicol Region
Major City: Legaspi City

NCR-NATIONAL
CAPITAL REGION
Major City: MANILA

CAR-CORDILLERA
ADMINISTRATIVE
REGION
Major City: Baguio city

REGIONS OF THE PHILIPPINES


VI -western visayas
Major City: IloIlo City

VII -CENTRAL VISAYAS


Major City: Cebu City

VIII -EASTERN Visayas


Major City: Tacloban City

REGIONS OF THE PHILIPPINES


IX -western mindanao XII - central Mindanao
(soccksargen)
(Zamboanga
Major City:
Peninsula)
Koronadal City
Major City:
Pagadian City
XIII - Caraga region
Major City:
X -NORTHERN
Butuan City
MINDANAO
Major City:
Cagayan De Oro ARMM- autonomous
City
region of muslim
mindanao
Major City:
XI -SOUTHERN
Cotabato City
MINDANAO (Davao
region)

PHILIPPINE
TOPOGRAPHY

The
Philippines
has
a
varied
topography. It has a coastline of 18,
411 km.
Many islands have extensive coral
reefs that attract tourists from
everywhere.
The larger islands have rugged,
mountainous interiors, mostly ranges
running north to south.

Four major Lowland


Areas:
LUZON CENTRAL PLAIN
CAGAYAN VALLEY

http://mw2.google.com/mwpanoramio/photos/small/22870115.jpg

AGUSAN VALLEY

http://static.panoramio.com/photos/large/823
79189.jpg

https://easternseastar21.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/isab
ela-hills.jpg

COTABATO VALLEY

http://www.imagesofasia.com/html/philippines/images/large/col
abato-valley.jpg

Three major Mountain


Ranges:

SIERRA MADRE

CORDILLERA

http://www.jacobimages.com/home/wpcontent/uploads/2012/07/Agta_2898_1
185.jpg

https://cdn1.gbot.me/photos/hy/9X/1364735560/Cordilleras_Mountains-20000000005797788500x375.jpg

CARABALLO

https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?
q=tbn:ANd9GcS5yPAvj03KC20JRQcW1O_4ZVTrOX0wWwaAOQzhOHZ7kWDfGR
mQ

VOLCAN
OES

There are about 221 volcanoes, 21


are active.
The Philippines lies on the volatile
Pacific Ring of Fire and most of the
highest mountains are volcanic in origin.

Two(2) Active
Volcanoes
MT. MAYON

https://c1.staticflickr.com/1/12/93545563_961e
5d8ac6.jpg

MT.
PINATUBO

http://pubs.usgs.gov/pinatubo/punong1/
fig4a.jpg

Philippin
e

POPULATION
The population of the Philippines has been steadily
growing for many years. In 2014, it is the 12th most
populated country in the world, betweenMexicoand
Ethiopia, and continues to grow at a rate of 1.89%
per year. (http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/philippines-population/)

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-vjqe9uRSOI/UuRUI6uMcWI/AAAAAAAAAsI/GOPXvYMPiwM/s1600/popco

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-vjq-

Languages
2 official languages: English
and Filipino
8 major
dialects :
1.BIKOL,

2.CEBUANO,
3.HILIGAYNON
(ILONGGO),
4.ILOCANO,
5.KAPAMPANGAN,
6.PANGASINAN,
7.TAGALOG,
8.WARAY

Twenty largest linguistic


groups:

1. VISAYANS (34,
662, 000)
Cebuano
Hiligaynon
Waray
Masbateo
Capiznon
Aklanon
Surigaonon
Kinaray-A

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/24897/24897h/images/p128.jpg

https://c1.staticflickr.com/7/6213/6275834174_cc4e85
b208_z.jpg

Twenty largest linguistic


groups:
2. TAGALOG (13,
928, 000)

http://media.tumblr.com/tumblr_m8cclddOQT1rs
3. ILOCANO
(9,
rk8p.jpg
527, 000)

http://climbingforchrist.org/Portals/6/Images/Philippin
es/Phil08%20(Tacadang%20porters).JPG

Twenty largest linguistic


groups:
4. BICOLANO (5,
659, 000)

5. MORO ( 4, 475, 000)

Central Bicolano
Albay Bicolano

Malay
Maranao
Maguindanao
Tausug

http://archive.indymedia.org.nz/sites/default/files/files/images/2012mujiv-hataman-mendiola.jpg

Twenty largest linguistic


groups:
6. KAPAMPANGAN (2,
667, 000)

7. PANGASINENSE (1,
637, 000)

http://1.bp.blogspot.com/http://siuala.com/wp-content/uploads/nanung-kabugukan-600VoIKG87pHas/Um5fzSNG6xI/AAAAAAAAJV0/DgpyLCgFpGg/s160
600x360.jpg
0/DSC01399.JPG

http://www.timorlestehotels.com/data/143/site_143/people_1.jpg

Twenty largest linguistic


8. CHINESE FILIPINO
groups:
(992, 000)

http://latimesphoto.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/chinese-newyear07.jpg

9. IBANAG (703, 000)

Religion
83 % Catholics
5 % Muslim
12 % smaller Christian
dominations and Buddhist

PROFILE
3rd largest English speaking country in the
world
Democratic Government
* Executive Branch
- Headed by Chief of Staff (President)
and V.President
- Cabinet
* Legislative Branch
- Senate
- House of Representatives
* Judicial Branch
- Supreme Court

Natural Resources- Timber, Petroleum,


Cobalt
Oil is not a natural resource.
72nd largest country in the world
Officially called the Republic of Philippines
Slightly larger than Arizona