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PPT on OFDM

- Mimo and OFDM in Wireless Communication
- OFDM Report
- LTE Air Interface ISSUE 1
- 1st Drive Test Analysis.pdf
- Adaptive_OFDM_Sauptik_Mpaul.doc
- 27960088
- 79
- BER Analysis of Digital Modulation Schemes for OFDM system
- PAPR
- IRJET-Bit Error Rate (BER) Performance Evaluation of Reference Channel for Power Line Communication (PLC) Channel Under Multipath Modeling Technique
- Peak to Average Ratio Reduction for Multicarrier Transmission a Review
- LitSurveyTalk (1)
- 10.pdf
- 10.1.1.71
- Mkg Lab Sheet
- Comparative Evaluation of Bit Error Rate for Different Ofdm Subcarriers in Rayleigh Channel
- Project Ideas
- 306103_JLT-1009-OFDMvsSC
- ML Carrier Frequency Offset Estimation
- 7129

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CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION TO OFDM

PROBLEM

MY PROCEEDINGS

IMPLEMENTATIONS

MOTIVATION

wireless channels with protection from multipath

fading

mobile phones

Video Conferencing, DAB, DVB, etc

OBJECTIVES

Simulation of a baseband

communication system using OFDM

Using this system to transfer files

between computers using the sound

card

Simulation of wireless environment

using fading channels

Multi-User Capability using MC-CDMA

Plotting of BER curves and

constellations

ADVANTAGES OF OFDM

in lesser wasted bandwidth without any Inter

Carrier Interference (ICI)

High data rate distributed over multiple carriers

resulting in lower symbol rate (more immune to ISI)

Permits higher data rate as compared to FDM

Increased security and bandwidth efficiency

possible using CDMA OFDM (MC-CDMA)

Simple guard intervals make the system more

robust to multipath effects.

WHAT IS OFDM ??

ORTHOGONALITY IN FREQUENCY DOMAIN

using BPSK / QPSK / M-ary

QAM

each carrier is a Sinc(X)

Overlap of frequency

response is possible as

against FDM where intercarrier spacing is a must

Frequency responses of

the carriers overlap at zero

crossings avoiding

Inter Carrier Interference

Power

Multi-Path

Components

MULTI -PATH RESULTS FROM REFLECTION, DIFFRACTION, AND S CATTERI NG OFF ENVI RONMENT S URROUNDINGS

NOTE: THE FI GURE ABOVE DEMONS TRATES THE ROLES OF REFLECTI ON AND S CATTERING ONLY ON MULTI -PATH

Time

Power

Multi-Path

Components

environment, the strength of each multi-path

component varies

9

Time

Multi-Path = Frequency-Selective!

f=0

0.5

0.5

1

0.5

1 s

1 s

f=1 MHz

1

0.5

-1

0.5

1 s

1

0.5

-0.5

-1

1 s

-1

f=500 KHz

0.5

0.5

1 s

1

0.5

-0.5

-1

1 s

10

Multi-Path = FrequencySelective!

h(t)

|H(f)|

0.5

0.5

f (MHz)

1 s

0.5

1.5

frequencies differently

A signal composed of multiple frequencies would

be distorted by passing through such channel

11

Orthogonal FDM

Is it possible to find carrier

frequencies f1, f2 fN such

that

T

cos 2f t cos 2f t dt 0

S

i j

1

cos

2f

t

cos

2f

t

dt

j

0 i

2

TS

TS

cos2 fi f j t cos 2 fi f j t dt

1 sin2 fi f j t sin2 fi f j

0 cos 2fit cos 2fjt dt 2 2 f f 2 f f

i

j

i

j

TS

TS

1 sin2 fi f j TS sin 2 fi f j TS

0 cos 2fit cos 2fjt dt 2 2 f f 2 f f

i

j

i

j

TS

12

ORTHOGONAL FDM

Is it possible to find carrier

frequencies f1, f2 fN such

that

T

cos 2f t cos 2f t dt 0

S

i j

1 sin2 fi f j TS sin 2 fi f j TS

0 cos 2fit cos 2fjt dt 2 2 f f 2 f f

i

j

i

j

TS

TS

cos 2f t cos 2f t dt 0

i

2 fi f j TS n

fi f j

n

2TS

2 fi f j TS m

m

f f 2T

i

m=1,2,3, ....

m=1,2,3, ....

13

ORTHOGONALITY OF SUB-CARRIERS

Ts

WITH FREQUENCIES F1, F2,

F3, F4 ARE ALL MUTUALLY

ORTHOGONAL OVER THE

SYMBOL PERIOD TS

f1

1

2Ts

f2

1

Ts

f3

3

2Ts

f4

2

Ts

14

ORTHOGONALITY OF SUB-CARRIERS

Ts

with frequencies f1, f2,

f3, f4 are all mutually

orthogonal over the

symbol period Ts

f1

1

2Ts

f2

1

Ts

t 2t

sin

T

T

s

s

sin

Ts

s

t 2t

t

s 3t

sin

sin

dt

cos

dt

0 Ts T s

0 Ts

0 cos Ts dt

sint

t 2t

T s sin 3t

T s

sin

sin

dt

0 Ts Tt

s

s T 3ts T

Ts

Ts

0

0

15

Rx Signal

OFDM Symbol

Ts/8

2t Ts

that correlates over Tsin

s with

Ts

T

s

Guard

Time

Correlation at Rx over Ts

Not

Orthogon

al

+

InterCarrier

Interferenc

e

16

CYCLIC PREFIX

Rx Signal (Cyclix Prefix)

Cyclic

Prefix

Ts/8

Ts

2t Ts

that correlates over Tsin

s with

Ts/8

Correlation at Rx over

Ts

T

s

Orthogon

al

+

No InterCarrier

Interferenc

e

ASSUME FI, FJ ARE TWO OFDM SUB-CARRIERS AND IJ IS THE PHASE

SHIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE CYCLIC PREFIX AND MULTI-PATH CHANNEL

Ts

sin 2f t sin 2f t dt

i

ij

Ts

i

ij

dt

ij

Ts

t sin

2f

sin 2f

t dt

cos

ij

t cos

2f

sin 2f

t dt

sin

Ts

ij

Ts

sin 2f t sin 2f t dt 0

i

ij

(ICI)

18

THE ENVIRONMENT:

Windows OS

MATLAB (R12) + Toolboxes

Modular

Tandem development of Tx and Rx

P r o f e s s o r h a r r is , m a y I b e e x c u s e d ?

M y b r a in is f u ll.

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