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Level 2 Stroke Awareness

Award

Day 1

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Group Agreement
Confidentiality
Respect
Mobile Phones
Break times
Domestics (Fire, WC)
Introductions

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Aims
Provide an understanding of different
types of Stroke. Signs, symptoms and
effect on the person.

Promote appropriate responses in the


event of a Stroke and positive
management and support following a
Stroke

SfC QCF Unit SCM 201


Learning Outcomes
Know what a Stroke is
Know how to recognise Stroke
Understand the management of risk
factors
Understand the importance of
emergency response and treatment
Understand the management of Stroke

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The Brain
Happens in the brain
Different areas of the brain control
different functions of the body
How someone is affected by a stroke
will depend on which area of the brain is
affected

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BRAIN

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What is a Stroke?
The blood supply is cut off to the brain

Stops oxygen and nutrients reaching


the brain

Damages or kills brain cells and stops


parts of the brain working properly

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Other conditions mistaken for
stroke
Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)

Bells Palsy

Migraine

Epilepsy

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What is Stroke?
Two types of stroke

Ischaemic most common type of


stroke (approx 80%)

Hemorrhagic- less common type of


stroke (approx 20%)

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Ischaemic Stroke
A blockage
cerebral thrombosis a blood clot in an
artery to the brain
cerebral embolism a clot, air bubble of
globule of fat carried to the brain and
causing a blockage

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Haemorrhagic Stroke
A bleed
Intracerebral haemorrhage a blood
vessel bursts in the brain

Subarachnoid haemorrhage a blood


vessel burst in the space between the
brain and skull

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Stroke animation
stroke

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Trans Ischaemic Attack
TIA or mini stroke

Similar signs to a stroke

Temporary disruption of supply of blood

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Trans Ischaemic Attack
Part of the brain goes without oxygen
and nutrients for a brief period of time

A sign that parts of the brain aren't


getting enough oxygen

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Trans Ischaemic Attack
Only lasts a short period of time
minutes or hours up to 24 hours

Dont Ignore signs increased risk of


stroke

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TIA Experience
NHS CHOICES TIA

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Signs and Symptoms of a
stroke?

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Signs and symptoms of a

stroke
Dropping eyes, mouth, arms, legs
Blurred vision
Slurred speech
Confusion
Weakness, numbness or paralysis
Loss of consciousness
Dizziness
Sudden severe headache
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ACT FAST

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Key stages of stroke
Symptoms usually develop quickly and
suddenly

As a result of a blockage or bleed in the


brain

Different areas of the brain relate to


different areas of the body
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Key Stages of stroke
This may happen when someone is
asleep and they can wake up with
symptoms

Symptoms include weakness,


confusion, slurred speech and drooping
of eyes, mouth or face

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Key stages of stroke
Everyone's stroke is different and
depending on the area of the brain that
is effected and the damage that is done

FAST can help recognise the symptoms

Emergency treatment is needed

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Key Stages of stroke
Admitted to hospital where test and
scans such as MRI and CT are
preformed to confirm stroke and its type

Admitted to specialist stroke unit and


treatment would be given depending on
the type of stroke

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Key stages of stroke
Treatment is given depending on the
type of stroke that has happened such
as clot busting medication for ischemic
strokes

As the swelling decreases damaged


areas of the brain may recover

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Key Stages of Stroke
Other areas of the brain can learn to
take over from the parts that are too
damaged to recover

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Key stages of stroke
Most recovery usually happens in the
first few months following a stroke
however recovery can take many years

Assessments and support would be


available such as SALT and
physiotherapists

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Key stages of stroke
Rehabilitation happens in specialist
units or at home

Prevention is important as following a


stroke you are at risk of having another
one.

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How can a stroke effect
somebody?

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Affected by stroke
Eating and drinking
Continence
Communication
Memory
Behaviour
Changes in mood
Changes in personality
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Stroke Facts
150,000 people a year are affected by
stroke in the UK (NICE guidelines 2010)
Stroke is the third largest cause of
death in the UK (National Stroke Strategy 2007)
Everyone can do something to reduce
their risk of stroke

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Stroke Facts
2030 per cent of people who have a stroke
die within a month.

25 per cent of strokes occur in people who


are under the age of 65.

There are over 900,000 people living in


England who have had a stroke.
(National stroke strategy 2007)

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Risk Factors
Age
Ethnicity
Genetics
Lifestyle, diet, lack of exercise, smoking
High blood pressure or other conditions
Drinking
Obesity
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How might risk change?

How might these risk factors


change in different settings?

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How to reduce risk

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Review of day 1
Know what a Stroke is
Know how to recognise Stroke
Understand the management of risk
factors
Understand the importance of
emergency response and treatment
Understand the management of Stroke

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Homework
Revisit skills today and practice
Make a start on completing workbook
Complete reflective journal from todays
session
Record all your learning and hours

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How to contact me

Phone 01743 254815

Email
jade.matravers@shropshire.gov.uk

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Level 2 Stroke Awareness
Award

Day 2

SfC QCF Unit SCM 201


Group Agreement
Confidentiality
Respect
Mobile Phones
Break times
Domestics (Fire, WC)
Introductions

SfC QCF Unit SCM 201


Aims
Provide an understanding of different
types of Stroke. Signs, symptoms and
effect on the person.

Promote appropriate responses in the


event of a Stroke and positive
management and support following a
Stroke

SfC QCF Unit SCM 201


Learning Outcomes
Know what a Stroke is
Know how to recognise Stroke
Understand the management of risk
factors
Understand the importance of
emergency response and treatment
Understand the management of Stroke

SfC QCF Unit SCM 201


What did we cover
last week?

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Bubble
Busters
A Trainer Bubble Production

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Trainer Bubble
Restart

H H
B I F
A B
T L W
P S
S B B
T G
D R O

Trainer Bubble
Why is stroke a medical
emergency?
TIME = BRAIN

The quicker help is sort the quicker


treatment is can be given

Limiting the damage to the brain

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Suspecting Stroke
FAST
Check in safe position
Do not give food/drink whist waiting for
help
Check airway is open and clear- recovery
position
Call 999 check your policies and
procedures.
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Impact on individual of key
stages of stoke
Onset
Diagnosis
Treatment
Rehabilitation
Prevention

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What would you need to record
following this incident?

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Recording
Time eg first symptoms
When, where, who
What symptoms you observed
Any observations taken
What action you took eg FAST,
Recovery position etc

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Recording
Time you summoned help, who you
called, name or reference number
Who else was there, help received
Who else you contacted eg relative,
manager etc
Any other medical information

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Why is stroke care important?
Aim one (National stroke strategy 2007)
For those who have had a stroke and
their relatives and carers, whether at
home or in care homes, to achieve a
good quality of life and maximise
independence, well-being and choices.

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Why is stroke care important?
Psychological and emotional well being
Improved recovery
Active participation
Quality of life
Needs met

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Support ?

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