www.crtvu.edu.

cn
ගय౐ ᳸᭡
Prof. Shan Congkai
ࢎአᜎᱩώᖪኚᒇ
Director of China Central Radio and TV University
.`!`ᜃ·ṝ·൧ऍ
June 2010, beijing
ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣɵƘ෽ᕗṯ
Current Situation and Prospect of E-learning in China
www.crtvu.edu.cn
ₗ ᕴ
Outline
.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣ↾࢕Ӯ᫶ᨣ
Challenges to E-learning in China
!ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣᆝṾᤅఖ
General Information of E-learning in China
჌ᓍᴌᑺ൦ᒇࣁᢷ┄ࢎᠲӮỎỼ࡯᝔᜷
Framework and Design of E-learning Resource Centre of China
www.crtvu.edu.cn
1.ᬍ߱Ⓥࣴ᳸ඣӮ೹ᒇ࢜঴
Subjects Developing Distance Higher Education
ࢎአᜎᱩώᖪኚᒇঈ௉ࡷϠṗኚӮᬍ߱᝾᳥᳸ඣ੝ఈੑ
China Central Radio and TV University: the biggest distance education system
provider in the world.
ᷢᭃⓋࣴᒇὝ౸అᒇ⃤ঈጡ࣯1999ᜃॺಉρᷢᭃⓋὝӮ᳸ඣᢷ┄᝾ᕗᬍ߱᳸ඣੑ
ຸ2010ᜃॺ௒67ᩀᷢᭃⓋὝ᝾ᕗ౸అ᳸ඣੑ
Network colleges of higher education institutions: From the year of 1999 to 2010,
altogether 67 higher institutions have lauched network education in China. They carry
out distance education utilizing the education resources of higher institutions.
1.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣӮᆝṾᤅఖ
General Information of E-learning in China
!! ᬍ߱Ⓥࣴ᳸ඣ
Distance Higher Education
www.crtvu.edu.cn
3.06
19.61
47.51
77.88
120.65
160.37
183.04
186.73
205.21
0
50
100
150
200
250
1999৯ 2000৯ 2001৯ 2002৯ 2003৯ 2004৯ 2005৯ 2006৯ 2007৯
ਥಇ಑ᔯޗචᅴಚ᫗ب׎ơ1999৯-2007৯ƢơηОƢ
Number of registered students in 1999-2007 (In 10000)
!! ᬍ߱Ⓥࣴ᳸ඣ
Distance Higher Education
2.ᬍ߱Ⓥࣴ᳸ඣӮ೹ᒇᖨℤ-ࢎአώኚ
Scale of Distance Higher Education± China Central Radio & TV University
1.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣӮᆝṾᤅఖ
General Information of E-learning in China
www.crtvu.edu.cn
37.16
50.07
76.22
71.85
85.84
104.33
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
2002৯ 2003৯ 2004৯ 2005৯ 2006৯ 2007৯
ᒧᑌ಑ᔯޗචᅴಚ᫗ب׎ơ02৯-07৯ƢơηОƢ
Number of registered students in 2002-2007 (In 10000)
2.ᬍ߱Ⓥࣴ᳸ඣӮ೹ᒇᖨℤ-ᷢᭃⓋὝ౸⃤
Scale of Distance Higher Education²Network colleges of higher education institutions
!! ᬍ߱Ⓥࣴ᳸ඣ
Distance Higher Education
1.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣӮᆝṾᤅఖ
General Information of E-learning in China
www.crtvu.edu.cn
৑ኛჴछ౸৒ࡪ౸ะ

Combine satellite,
Internet and all levels
of radio and TV
universities together
3.ᜎᱩώᖪኚᒇӮ೹ᒇ្ឍ
Form of Developing Distance Higher Education in Radio and TV Universities
!! ᬍ߱Ⓥࣴ᳸ඣ
Distance Higher Education
1.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣӮᆝṾᤅఖ
General Information of E-learning in China
www.crtvu.edu.cn
Télévision d¶éducation
chinoise IP/VBI serviteur
Satellite IP/VBI
carte
Satellite IP/VBI
carte
Serveur de package des
ressources
Plate-forme
d¶enseignement de
CRTVU Network
Câbles ou lignes
spéciales étudiants
Lignes spéciales,
ISDN, ADSL
Cable TV
Network d¶ordinateurs des
écoles filières
Plate-forme d¶enseignement
des écoles filières
Networks au niveau provincial;
Plate-forme d¶enseignement
des universités des provinces;
Ressources d¶enseignement
pour des centres de formation
www.crtvu.edu.cn
்௒᳙᫪Ṣ೼঴੝᝹᝔
Construction of Public Service System
ෟዢ᢯ᦎᰰ1400ᒦડᓜˊ᚜૗તᩇႼ400ᒦᛢᓜˊᴞਂἌྴᎲᥔતᩇ
More than 1400 Open Learning Centre and over 400 Open Distance Education Training
Centre have established in China.
અ40᱔⛛ⅱຉถ᚜⋵Ⴜ300ᒦᛢࠬ။Ꮂᥔ₟⃢ᦎડ၆௓
They have cooperated with 40 network colleges of higher education institutions and more
than 300 known training institutions.
઱50੾။᚜႐ᶷఒ9ᒯః180ᒦડઊઑ܀᚜࿛ἌྴႼཨઑἌྴử᳾⁶༒
Provide 9 categories or over 180 majors of curricula education and vocational education
support service for 500,000 trainees.
!! ᬍ߱Ⓥࣴ᳸ඣ
Distance Higher Education
3.ᜎᱩώᖪኚᒇӮ೹ᒇ្ឍ
Form of Developing Distance Higher Education in Radio and TV Universities
1.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣӮᆝṾᤅఖ
General Information of E-learning in China
www.crtvu.edu.cn
↾ู21ࡷ௓᳸ඣᬑ௕ᑧഃ᜷౲ॶ1998ᜃ҈
The Action Program of Education Booming Facing 21 Century: in 1998
ᛍὢʹ҇୚ᴞਂἌྴᢢਂ͵ҋ᧧ᰰᦓỹᦢἌྴຉถҋ⃢ᦎขᰍ᚜૗ொ౮֋
The Program advocated to implement Modern Distance Education Project, i.e. to
formulate open education networks to build a life-long learning system.
ࢎᔙᒇ৑ὝὝᭃ৒ᚍ߱ॶ2000ᜃॷ
Net to Each School Project among elementary and secondary schools: in 2000
ד5-10ᤘᾒ⊓ҋ௶ෟዢ90%ᢣဵ܀ϖડᦎຫ܀તᜮ᚜ⅱ࿶ᒪઁຉҋ௶તᜮ᚜ᢿ
׎ḏ࿶෨ଢຉઁἌྴ᫈ҋᶷ⛛᱔⁲તᜮ᚜܀ἌྴἌ᚜᪬Ỏ֋
After 5 to 10 years, about 90% of independently established elementary and secondary
schools could be connected to the Internet, and teachers and students in these schools
could share the online education resources.
!. ᬍ߱ᆝ٭᳸ඣ
Distance Basic Education
1.჌ᓍ᳦ऀ National Policies
1.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣӮᆝṾᤅఖ
General Information of E-learning in China
www.crtvu.edu.cn
᳸ඣੂᢾ൦ᚍ߱ॶ2002ᜃ҈
Educational Informationization Project: in 2002
ᲗἌྴౘ᫓ོᢢਂຍොዢᛢỌDZᦎᥥᢢਂҋଡ଼ౘ᫓ོᣚ༙Ἄྴ҇୚ོ֋৮⃠ᦓ
မ֊෨ଢἌྴౘ᫓᫈֋
This Project, listed as one of key national construction projects, argued that
informationization brings along modernization of education, and requested that
educational information resources be developed and shared.
௽ạࢎᔙᒇɵॄᬍ߱᳸ඣᚍ߱ॶ2003ᜃॷ
Modern Distance Education Project in rural elementary and middle schools: in 2003
఺ᴝᎌ૘ஏ᪬Ἄྴ᫈෨ଢҋᶷ⛛ณ₵Ἄྴ᪬ỎႼỿܲ֋
The Project advocated that quality education resources be shared in urban and rural
areas so that quality and benefit of rural education could be improved.
!. ᬍ߱ᆝ٭᳸ඣ
Distance Basic Education
1.჌ᓍ᳦ऀ National Policies
1.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣӮᆝṾᤅఖ
General Information of E-learning in China
www.crtvu.edu.cn
ϊ᲻⛯ࢎᒇ࡯்ร൞ะ೹Ӯ౸࡫ᒇὝॺ∰ឍ↾ู݂ॻ᫉μॺ᩹ẁ᫸ړॺ൙๒Ӯ
௦ᓐ៷࢑ᓟॺṞᝫ⋇ᜠ੐ᢷ┄ᜠ੐౸࡫ࣾЖ੝ఈ੐अ⏙฀⎠੝ఈࣴࣴੑ
Network schools set up jointly by key schools and companies enroll students formally.
Technology used is relatively high and thus the contents of these schools are very rich,
containing test questions database, resources database, online answer system,
exchange and feedback system, etc.
ϊᒇὝາᚙ᝾೹ॺ࢜ᕴ↾ูᔆ៭ᶭṾὝӮᒇμॺࡡ໨ถంᒇμᮣৼᝫ⋇ᜠॺৼ
ᒇμᬌᑧ⏦ᖬ຦ἥ᝸ੑ
Network schools established by schools independently are run for students in their
own schools. They only provide test questions database for the students.
3. ౸Ὕ asic ducation Network chools
!. ᬍ߱ᆝ٭᳸ඣ
Distance asic ducation
1.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣӮᆝṾᤅఖ
General Information of -learning in China
www.crtvu.edu.cn
൧ऍႴࢎ౸Ὕ
101౸Ὕ
൧ኚ⃋ࢎ౸Ὕ
छኚ⃋ࢎ౸Ὕ
ĩ௩ࢎᒇ౸Ὕ
!. ᬍ߱ᆝ٭᳸ඣ
Distance Basic Education
3.ᆝ٭᳸ඣ౸Ὕ Basic Education Net ork chools
1.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣӮᆝṾᤅఖ
General Information of E-learning in China
www.crtvu.edu.cn
ࢎ჌ӮॢࡻE-Learningईࡻᚚ௸្᨜ࣧ౸అ᳸ඣईࡻӮࡡࢋDŽ࢐౧᳙ੑ
Enterprise E-learning in China has already become an independent branch of network
education.
‡ ࢎ჌ӮॢࡻE-Learningᚥ჻๭ɵỌ࡮ᄆᑸӮš⛯ঈ
Enterprise E-learning in China is unbalanced, specifically:
ᙸઑ᢫ᭌᒯ
Wide gaps among different industries
ጊྙ᢫ᦕᒯ
Big differences in different areas
! ॢࡻHOHDUQLQJ
Enterprise E-learning
1.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣӮᆝṾᤅఖ
General Information of E-learning in China
www.crtvu.edu.cn
! ॢࡻHOHDUQLQJ
Enterprise E-learning
1.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣӮᆝṾᤅఖ
General Information of E-learning in China
Distribution of Enterprises
Conducting E-learning by Industry
Distribution of Enterprises
Conducting E-learning by Regions
www.crtvu.edu.cn
৽ؿ ៞χ ъχٍጣ
1 ᭍៞χ Banking ϔދষ۵᭍៞ˉ஭۵᭍៞ˉБᨭ᭍៞ˉϔދԷχ᭍៞ˉϔދਢᡷ᭍
៞ˉཉωؤॖ᭍៞ˉ྄ޟؤॖ᭍៞ˉԷχؤॖ᭍៞ˉຜᅴ᭍៞ˉץ
ࠫ᭍៞ˉ࠵ᨉ᭍៞
2 ұᰔχInsurance ৮ࣴұᰔˉ࠷৮༝ұᰔˉϔދОबˉ༎਒Оबˉ࠵ᨉұᰔ
3 ᨭᡪCommunication ϔދጥ֬ˉϔދᒧᨭˉϔދᆀҴˉωಲᨭҴˉ໅ᠲጥ֬ˉϔދᔌᨭ
4 ITχ ᔌ଄ˉँ᧷ᒧᑌˉ྄ޟ᫘ឫˉྊץٌಲˉബץ጖୼ˉಲ๡጖୼
5 ցᨲχManufacturing ϔދދᰂཏ᧿ᰴ᠆ᎵԚـˉϔދ׏ಲষχԚـˉϔދᗒᗏষχᰴށ
6 ኀ׎χpetrochemical ϔ׎ᰴށˉϔދཏ༝ኀ໱Ԛـˉႇॠኀ׎׏И׎ষ
7 ᆀ֤ power ᫕৹ᆀ֤ˉགྷ໅ᆀ֤ˉϔދץ׏ᆀ֤ᰴށ
! ॢࡻHOHDUQLQJ
Enterprise E-learning
1.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣӮᆝṾᤅఖ
General Information of E-learning in China
www.crtvu.edu.cn
2.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣ↾࢕Ӯ᫶ᨣ
Challenges to E-learning in China
.! ᆝ٭᝔ᵎӮ᫶ᨣ
Challenges to In rastructures
ᆝ٭᝔ᵎ᝹᝔ᔣ࡮ᒨ྇ ࡮෥╏ᤖอௐอ৲᳸ඣฃᕗӮⅨᕴ
Imper ect in rastructures cannot meet the need to develop all kinds o educations
࡝ƳІᔌᒧऒ৙ᨄᨇνᕜ࿕ᥙթৈޗνٌޞךሇ୛ണࣣᅴनᴱᤌ᫗ᲀᲝˉᠺᲝљ᧢
ሇ᱇ᠳƥᨄ೤ѕՠᄕಚ௳љ᧢ν༴ᆇˉᆄᱤӠ᲍ሇ૮Ճ
For example,broadband Internet still has the problem of poor quality transmission.It
cannot transmit high quality audio or video.
ࢎ჌ࣳ൞౸ฃᕗ੐ᷢ෽຦ᜡρᑻჭඃᆄ຦ᅶࣂฃᕗ࡮ᜂᑸ⁼⋇
Internet development, popularization and application are not balanced between different
regions and between urban and rural areas.
www.crtvu.edu.cn
ω


І



ؠ

ߟ
϶



Ґ
2.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣ↾࢕Ӯ᫶ᨣ
Challenges to E-learning in China
.! ᆝ٭᝔ᵎӮ᫶ᨣ
Challenges to Infrastructures
୒ᖭ2009৯ਂƥω᪇ޞךІᔌᒧ೼ؠᄈϛ40.0%ƥᠲ᪇ޞךϛ21.5%ƴߟেᒧຜ
ױᒧຜ઱ಚሇ72.2%ƥԷൄᒧຜױ27.8%ˊ
By the end of late 2009, the number of Internet users accounted for 40.0% of the eastern
population, while the rate in western part was 21.5%; Internet users in urban areas reached
72.2% of all netizens while netizens in rural areas only occupy 27.8%.
www.crtvu.edu.cn
᳸ඣੂᢾ൦Ӯ᪌ᢷ࡮ᄆᑸॺჭᪧॗ຦ᢷ┄Ӯ᪌ᢷᬍয࣯ړॗ
Investments in digital-education: relatively less investments in software resources
ኳхˉᧁхˉ಑ࣣᤨྶˉ಑ࣣ୼ഴሇ߯ᡨˉᎫᄮาਭڔց਌ሇਢᡷˉਁᅶሇఋᨆˉ
᧿ᚶദ֩ˉ಑ᔯ୼ഴඓՋሇஃᤨาਭٳӅǼ᫘ࣗࠆǽੋˊ
The whole allocation of investment of hardware,software,educational
resources,training,management,application takes on the shape of counter-triangle.
ޗኳхˉᧁхڔᤨྶˉОୣ߯Ԧκ୅ދሇஃᤨຈҐ೤9ȯ0.15ȯ0.15 ,ᓨދ࠮೤
4ȯ3ȯ3ˊ
The rations of investment in hardware,software and education of personel is respectively
9:0.15:0.15, while that is 4:3:3.
৑᨜Ṿ৒᥉᝜࡮ឰॺ৑᲻᝹᝔੐᪳ᜡρ৒Ӯɵ៭‟Ṳᑻჭॺ ᭉ᨜ኚᲽᪧړॗ₀ಓ⏿᢬
The waste of a large number of hardware and software resources due to lack of awareness of
cost-saving and the long existence of the phenomenon of paying more attention to
construction to application
2.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣ↾࢕Ӯ᫶ᨣ
Challenges to E-learning in China
.! ᆝ٭᝔ᵎӮ᫶ᨣ
Challenges to Infrastructures
www.crtvu.edu.cn
งঁఈᜡᝫ᳸ඣᖦᡖ੐↾᭡᳸ඣ្ឍӮ០໦ॺᔆᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣӮ᭫ᴺॺᔆᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣ
ᵋឍ຦౸అ᳸ඣɴሕӮ࡮ᬯᜡ
Disfavor of the way of teaching and atmosphere in e-learning which quite differs from the
traditional face-to-face education.
৓ ੂᢾ൦ᖦᡖ࡮ឰॺ௉⋃ੂᢾ൦᥉᝜຦ੂᢾ൦ઁ௜Ṟ៴ᮣⓋ
Weak National Awareness about digitalized information.
৓ Ṟ௔ᵋ↾ᔆᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣӮ᲻ᕴঽρ᜺᝜࡮ᤖॺ᳙᫪೶ᜰ࡮ን
Lack of support from those relative organizations and institutions due to their ignorance of
the importance of e-learning .
2.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣ↾࢕Ӯ᫶ᨣ
Challenges to E-learning in China
.. ᖦᡖ ಕᜰӮ᫶ᨣ
Challenges in terms of Attitudes and ystems
www.crtvu.edu.cn
ॹᢛᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣᢷ┄ᴌᲽ࡮ᤖॺ࡮෥╏ᤖอௐอ৲ᒇࣁജӮⅨᕴ
Insufficient e-learning resources to satisfy various needs of learners of different levels.
৓ ɵṞᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣᢷ┄౧ᚦ࡮ᄆॺฃᕗ࡮ᜂᑸॺඃᆄ੐ᅶࣂᚖ᤻᪻ኚ
Large gaps of allocation of e-learning resources between various regions, and between
rural and urban areas.
อ᳸ඣẋỎᢷ┄Ոࣳᔋ⁻ॺ្᨜ࣧੂᢾቇᅃ຦ੂᢾᒅᖏ
Isolation of information among most educational institutions without sufficient and
effective communication.
৓ ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣᢷ┄᲻ኇ᝹᝔ɵ៭ࡎ౛ॺ௒ऌɴሕ੐௒ऌᴢ൦ᔣṼ្᨜ॺᢷ┄ᴏะ੐ॹ
൦੐௒ऌ↾࢕ࡡᒴӮჄℯ
Difficulties in achieving the integration, optimization and sharing of resources .
2.ࢎ჌ᴌᑺ൦᳸ඣ↾࢕Ӯ᫶ᨣ
Challenges to E-learning in China
. ᢷ┄Ӯ᫶ᨣ
roblems in Current E-learning esources
www.crtvu.edu.cn
3.჌ᓍᴌᑺ൦ᒇࣁᢷ┄ࢎᠲӮỎỼ࡯᝔᜷
Framework and Design of E-learning Resource Centre of China
1. ᝹᝔ԾὅConstruction Goal
᝹᝔ᢷ┄்௒Ṣ೼᩹ẁ᳙᱑ᜂผ
Build a technology support platform for resource public service.
្᨜ᒨᴏӮ௒ऌẋ ຦ὅధ঴੝
Formulate an integral sharing mechanism and standard system.
ᴏะ࡮ᔛ࣯```⁶ប߱ॺᓐᲽ᫱`T|Ӯᢷ┄↾ู``ࡨρᨺᮣৼᢷ┄Ṣ೼
Integrate no less than 5000 subjects,resource volumn reaching up to 50TB, which will be
employed by 5 million users.
࢛ᕹԪ௉჌Ӯอ৲ᴌᑺ൦ᒇࣁ⒯౽∲ᩑᭉࡡࢋఈࡡӮᢷ┄ᴏะ෽Ṣ೼ᜂผ
Establish a standard platform for resource integration and service for all e-learning websites
across the country.
!჌ᓍᴌᑺ൦ᒇࣁᢷ┄ࢎᠲ᝹᝔Ծὅ
Goal of the Construction of E-learning Resource Centre of China
www.crtvu.edu.cn
3.჌ᓍᴌᑺ൦ᒇࣁᢷ┄ࢎᠲӮỎỼ࡯᝔᜷
Framework and Design of E-learning Resource Centre of China
Goal and Demand Characteristics of the Project
.Ⅸ⋱š⛯
Demand Characteristics
!჌ᓍᴌᑺ൦ᒇࣁᢷ┄ࢎᠲ᝹᝔Ծὅ
Goal of the Construction of E-learning Resource Centre of China
Le but de centre des ressources
Construire une plate-forme de
service en matière de
ressources numériques,
construire un système de
service des ressources(5000
cours, 50TB, plus de 5 millions
d¶utilisateurs.
élèves
enseignants
administrateurs
chercheurs
Genres
d¶utilisateurs
Modes
d¶échange
Achat
Échange
Personnalisation
coopération
Modes d¶emploi
Origine des ressources
Partage d¶information des catalogues
Partage des ressources;
Partage des services
Ressources en tant que matières de base,
ressources d¶enseignement, plate-forme en
ligne, ressources à télécharger«
partage
Système de
Open
éducation;
écoles en
ligne;
universités
; instituts
de
formation;
entreprises
; maisons
d¶édition;
individuels.
www.crtvu.edu.cn
࡮ิằ┄ᢷ┄ปᵋਠᬌெ ৑ᢷ┄ࢎᠲ੝ఈ৒ৎৎ᳙᫪ኑ߄෵࡯ᵋឍ
Resources from different parts could enter into the platform easily²supporting many mode
of entrance
ᢷ┄ปॆ᠆ಏᖨྮ൦Ӯᮢᬞ੐ᑻଉ෽ाˇৎৎᒸɵᢷ┄ὅధ൦
Resources could be normative described,stored and managed²accomplishing resouces
standardized
᳙᫪ᢷ┄Ṿჴາ⍝ৎৎᢷ┄ᒸ঴౧ᚦᑻଉॺភӮᢷ┄ភ઻࢜
Supporting that resources being administered locally²resouces entities distributedly stored
ᒸɵᔆᚚṞ᳸ᒇᜡρ੝ఈӮᢷ┄᳙᱑ৎৎ᝹࢐኎ᯬᜡρ᭻ฐ੐ኑ௱ࢪ᭻ெ
Providing resources support for the instructional application system²²constructing
external application interface and multiple terminal interface
ਾ᝗ࣳ൞ࣳᭃॺᮣৼ௒ऌṢ೼ৎৎ᝹࢐ᢷ┄ࢎᠲ঴੝ॺԾំఈࡡाˇॺℷ௏൦Ṣ೼
Insuring the communication and providing sharing service²²building resources system,
unified management of directories and intensify service.
3.჌ᓍᴌᑺ൦ᒇࣁᢷ┄ࢎᠲӮỎỼ࡯᝔᜷
Framework and Design of E-learning Resource Centre of China
. ჌ᓍᴌᑺ൦ᒇࣁᢷ┄ࢎᠲ᝔᜷᡹᥌
The Design uidelines of National E- earning Resources Centre
www.crtvu.edu.cn
ࢅௐᜂผ
Two levels of platform
‡ ౧ᚦឍ੝ఈ
Distributed System
3.჌ᓍᴌᑺ൦ᒇࣁᢷ┄ࢎᠲӮỎỼ࡯᝔᜷
Framework and Design of E-learning Resource Centre of China
჌ᓍᴌᑺ൦ᒇࣁᢷ┄ࢎᠲᜂผ௼Ỏ࡯ ⛯
The Framework and Features of the latform of E- earning Resources Centre
!ᜂผ௼Ỏ
Framework of the platform
www.crtvu.edu.cn
ᑏδᎫᄮ
ԏᤝᤨྶദ֩
Service des ressources
gratuites
թৈࣘӯ
ലޞᤨྶᖪ໲
Autonomie des ressources locales
ലޞᅶୗᖪ໲
Autonomie des utilisateurs locaux
ലޞਁᅶദ֩Ƴϑપ׎ദ֩ˉ
ᤨྶఋᙘˉᤨྶБ೙ˉ
ᤨྶफԗˉफՠ
Application locale: le service personnalisé,
les ressource recommandées, le
commerce des ressources,
l¶importation et l¶exportation des ressources
ಚࣗ׎numérisation ಚࣗ׎numérisation
թৈਭdistribué թৈਭdistribué
ඓՋ׎standardisation ඓՋ׎standardisation
І౯Ѹinteropérabilité І౯Ѹinteropérabilité
ظᠺ׎visualisation ظᠺ׎visualisation
ᨦ೗ᡸᯅaccès transparent ᨦ೗ᡸᯅaccès transparent
࠰ᐹ፨ఉԗaccès multi-terminal ࠰ᐹ፨ఉԗaccès multi-terminal
ේᐇദ֩ԞЗ
Partage du service de
recherche
ᅶୗԞЗ
partage entre les utilisateurs
Җ᱇ҴૉԞЗ
partage
ሩ੅ҴૉԞЗ
Partage de
l¶information du
sommaire
Б೙ҴૉԞЗ
Partage de l¶information
de transaction
3.჌ᓍᴌᑺ൦ᒇࣁᢷ┄ࢎᠲӮỎỼ࡯᝔᜷
Framework and Design of E-learning Resource Centre of China
.ᜂผš⛯
Caractéristique du platform
჌ᓍᴌᑺ൦ᒇࣁᢷ┄ࢎᠲᜂผ௼Ỏ࡯š⛯
OD -UXFXUH H OH- FDUDF÷UL-LTXH- 'X :OD¹·UP DX FHQUH QDL·QDO 'H- UH--·XUFH- 'H
O৐÷'XFDL·Q QXP÷ULTXH
www.crtvu.edu.cn
2EMHFL¹ 2EMHFL¹
Utilisateur
Politique
Structure
Procédure Ressource
Utilisateur des
ressources
Fournisseur
des ressources
Politique de la gestion
des ressources
Politique des échanges
Politique des actions
externes
division structurelle du
business de marché et des
coordonées
structure d¶intérieur de
businessstructure d¶organisme
d¶intérieur
structure de plate-forme et
de statistiques des ressources
Ressources
éducatives
Planification
Organisation
Coordination
Contrôle
ॶpartager੐service੐gestionॷ
Système / plateforme
/ réglementation
HR et capacité
d¶innovation
3.჌ᓍᴌᑺ൦ᒇࣁᢷ┄ࢎᠲӮỎỼ࡯᝔᜷
Framework and Design of E-learning Resource Centre of China
÷ ჌ᓍᴌᑺ൦ᒇࣁᢷ┄ࢎᠲᬁႳ᡹᥌
The operation mode of National E-Learning Resources Centre
www.crtvu.edu.cn
3.჌ᓍᴌᑺ൦ᒇࣁᢷ┄ࢎᠲӮỎỼ࡯᝔᜷
Framework and Design of E-learning Resource Centre of China
www.crtvu.edu.cn
Thanks!

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.